Saturday, April 13, 2019

The Playboy Princes

The Playboy Princes.
Prince Abdul Aziz
@Daily Mail
Prince Abdul Aziz Bin Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Prince Aimone of Savoy, Duke of Spoleto
" . . . He also became known, in his adulthood, as something of a ladies man. The tall, handsome prince was considered quite a prize by most women and there were numerous rumors about him, especially concerning a relationship with the daughter of King Alfonso XIII of Spain the Infanta Beatriz. However, he did finally settle down when he married Princess Irene of Greece on July 1, 1939 in Florence. . . . ." (Italian Monarchist)
Prince Albert II of Monaco
Prince Alessandro Ruspoli (1924-2005)
"Ruspoli was born this day in 1924 to august Roman nobility, a family that could trace its titles back more than a millennium. But already in his twenties Ruspoli was known for his profligate lifestyle in the pleasure spots of post-war society, such as Capri and the Côte d’Azur. His ostentatiously low-key look was much imitated, his parties attracted the likes of Dalí, Picasso and Polanski. As well as numerous affairs, he was married three times, and he fathered the youngest of his five children when he was 73." (Strange Flowers)

"Too busy womanising, perhaps. To the eyes of fellow playboy Taki Theodoracopoulos, Ruspoli was “the best-looking man of his time”. Between the affairs and Dali’s surrealist “sex circuses”, the willowy, storm-slanted prince married three times. His first marriage, to aristocrat Francesca dei Baroni Blanc, collapsed under his numerous infidelities (the same year they split, he was arrested in Asia for possession of opium); a second marriage to painter Nancy de Charbonnières befell a similar fate. But he had more luck with Patricia Genest, a former model thirty years his junior, for whom he vowed to renounce his partying ways and with whom he had two children." (The Rake)

"The South of France has long served as a hub for the European elite, and this party is no exception. As the crème de la crème of the continent’s high society mingle on the beach, one guest is yet to make his arrival. Prince Alessandro Ruspoli, known affectionately to his friends as “Dado” and later the “Playboy Prince”No one knew the exact number, but rumors of numerous offspring abounded. . . ." (Born to Rule: Five Reigning Consorts, Granddaughters of Queen Victoria)

Aly Khan

Son of Sultan Mahommed Shah, Aga Khan III & Cleope Teresa "Ginetta" Magliano

Husband of:

1.Joan Guinnessmar 1936-1949
2. Rita Hayworth, mar 1949, div 1953

Physical appearance & personal qualities.

"In order to understand the aura of Aly Khan, we have to take a closer look at his body first. Apparently, back then, many men wondered why Aly Khan was so successful with women when they met him for the first time. Although he is not an unpleasant looking man, he is anything but remarkably handsome. He was not tall at all, measuring a smidge less than 5’6” and weighing about 165 pounds, while his black hair was noticeably thinning in front. His voice was not deep, but instead slightly high-pitched, while his superb Oxford accent definitely made him appear favorably. Aly Khan could not really be categorized by his appearance. A friend of his once explained, “When you see Aly in Karachi in Ismaili dress he looks like a Pakistani. In Paris he looks like a Frenchman. In Rome he could pass for any upper-class Italian. Even here in America, Aly doesn’t look foreign.” Obviously, he had a very adaptable style, and generally, he was never a disappointment but on one count, “Sartorially, he is no standout,” said an UN official. “His collar ends stick out. He is considered a poor dresser.'" (Gentleman's Gazette)

"Khan’s admission that he had been “involved with several women” was quite the understatement: he romanced Margaret Wigham, Viscountess Furness (who was seeing then-Prince of Wales, Edward VIII, at the same time), Pamela Churchill (like Rubirosa), Zsa Zsa Gabor (like Rubirosa), Judy Garland, Kim Novak and Simone Simon. Khan allegedly used to dip his fingers in rosewater to sustain his lovemaking for as long as possible. One conquest said that he used to flare his nostrils from across the table at women he admired, “like Rudolph Valentino in the silent movies” (or, indeed, one of his horses)." (The Rake)

The Women of Aly Khan

"Throughout his adult life, Aly Khan had a reputation as a playboy. There were always speculations about his current mistresses and, among others, he has been linked to Joan Fontaine, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Judy Garland, Kim Novak, Pamela Digby, Gene Tierney and Simone Simon." (Gentleman's Gazette)

"Be that as it may, there is no doubt that David was in an altogether humbler league as a lover than Aly Khan. Someone who had a romance with Aly Khan, but asked that I never reveal her identity, told me that he was the most amazing lover. 'He could make love all night. They said that he had learnt secret, Eastern ways of keeping control of himself. I never asked him if that was true, but there was no other man like him. He was a true sensualist. He made love like no one else. To be in bed with him was to be transported to heaven.'" (The Queen Mother: The Untold Story of Elizabeth Bowes Lyon)

His lovers were:
Prince Aly Khan
1. Adelle Beatty.
Lover in 1959.
3) Ann Boyer.
Lover in 1926-1928.
4) Bella Darvi.
Lover in 1955.
5) Bettina Graziani (1925-2015)
French fashion model.
6) Daniele Delorme.
7) Elga Anderssen.
Lover in 1958.
8) Elsa Maxwell.
9) Erica Beer.
11) Gene Tierney.
Lover in 1950-1954.
12) Grace Kelly.
13) Irene Papas.
14) Jane Sinclair.
15) Joan Fontaine.
Lover in 1950.
16) Joan Yarde-Buller.
17) Judy Garland.
18) Juliette Greco.
19) Katherine Dunham.
20) Kim Novak.
Lover in 1958.
21) Lia Amanda.
22) Lilli Kardil.
23) Lise Bourdin.
Lover in 1952.
24) Margie Dean.
Lover in 1957.
25) Martha Hyer.
Lover in 1958.
26) Merle Oberon.
Lover in 1930-1934.
27) Nancy Berg.
28) Nancy Valentine.
29) Nejla Ates.
Lover in 1954.
30) Pamela Digby.
Lover in 1950.
31) Pilar von Goess.
32) Rhonda Fleming.
Lover in 1953.

33) Rita Hayworth.
Lover in 1949-1953.

First encounter -- 1948.

"In 1948, the twenty-nine-year-old actress Rita Hayworth, Hollywood's Love Goddess, was a low point in her life. Her married to Orson Welles was breaking up, her mother had died, and her career seemed stalled. That summer she headed for Europe. Welles was in Italy at the time, and in the back of her mind she was dreaming of a reconciliation. Rita stopped first at the French Riviera. Invitations poured in, particularly from wealthy men, for at the time she was considered the most beautiful woman in the world. Aristotle Onassis and the Shah of Iran telephoned her almost daily, begging for a date. She turned them all down. A few days after her arrival, though, she received an invitation from Elsa Maxwell, the society hostess, who was giving a little party in Cannes. Rita balked but Maxwell insisted, telling her to buy a new dress, show up a little late, and make a grand entrance. Rita played along, and arrived at the party wearing a white Grecian gown, her red hair falling over her bare shoulders. She was greeted by a reaction she had grown used to: all conversation stopped as both men and women turned in their chairs, the men gazing in amazement, the women jealous. A man hurried to her side and escorted her to her table. It was thirty-seven-year-old Prince Aly Khan, the son of the Aga Khan III, who was the worldwide leader of the Islamic Ismaili sect and one of the richest men in tne world. Rita had been warned about Aly Khan, a notorious rake. To her dismay, they were seated next to each other, and he never left her side. He asked her a million questions---about Hollywood, her interests, on and on. She began to relax a little and open up. There were other beautiful women there, princesses, actresses, but Aly Khan ignored them all, acting as if Rita were the only woman there. He led her into the dance floor, and though he was an expert dancer, she felt uncomfortable---he held her a little too close. Still, when he offered to drive her back to her hotel, she agreed. They sped along the Grand Corniche; it was a beautiful night. For one evening she had managed to forget her many problems, and she was grateful, but she was still in love with Welles, and an affair wir a rake like Aly Khan was not what she needed." (The Art Of Seduction: 313)

34) Simone Simon.

35) Susan Morrow.

36) Thelma Morgan, Viscountess Furness.
Lover in 1934.

"Lady Furness's presence on the Normandie gave rise to much witty talk among the cognoscenti, for it was aboard this ship on the high seas, two years before, that she had cooked her goose with the Prince of Wales. She had taken the young Prince Aly Khan into her stateroom and, after years of unsatisfactory sexual play with the future king, engaged in a week of passion which had the result when she stepped ashore, according to one writer, that she was 'looking ten years younger'. The Prince got to hear about the encounter and 'all the Prince's colonial racist snobbery was aroused along with his wounded pride'. Within days, Thelma had been supplanted in the Prince of Wales's affections. Her erstwhile friend Mrs. Simpson had become the future king's favourite. (Dancing with the Devil)

"At a dinner party, Thelma was seated next to the handsome, twenty-three-year-old Prince Aly Khan, a man who admired fast cars, racehorses, and beautiful women. Aly knew that Thelma belonged to the Prince of Wales, and this sparked his competitive urge. As for Thelma, she could never become a queen but she could, by marrying Aly Khan, become a princess. Gossip columns began to pair the names of Lady Furness and Prince Aly Khan, and everywhere he went Maury Paul heard the bigoted society quip. 'Thelma Furness captured both the white and the black prince'. When Thelma finally embarked for London, she walked into her cabin on the Bremen to find it crammed full of hundreds of red roses. The arrangements covered every conceivable surface: the dresser, the table, the floor. Thelma read the notes one after another. 'See you in London, Aly,' 'Love, Aly.' 'You left too soon, Aly'. The following morning Thelma was having breakfast in bed when her telephone rang. A voice said, 'This is Aly. Will you have lunch with me today?' He'd sail on the same ship. They lunched and dined together every night, they made arrangements to motor to London together. Thelma had confided to several people that 'the Prince of Wales was a most unsatisfactory sexual partner,' and that 'his primary problem was premature ejaculation.' A close friend of the prince, who had often gone swimming naked with him, added the information that, 'to put it bluntly, he had the smallest pecker I have ever seen.' Aly, on the other hand, was considered to be an extraordinary gifted lover. As a young man he'd been sent to Cairo by his father the Aga Khan to learn the love technique and philosophy of Imsak. Thelma tactfully and obliquely referred to this when she said that Aly possessed a quality 'of romantic largesse . . . .'" (Little Gloria)

"On 10 January 1931 at her country house Burrough Court, near Melton Mowbray, she introduced the Prince to her close friend Wallis Simpson and, while visiting her sister Gloria in America between January and March 1934, she was supplanted in the Prince's affection by Simpson. Reacting to the Prince's coldness later that year she threw herself into a short-lived affair with Prince Aly Khan. although she had openly flirted with Prince Aly Khan during her voyage back to the UK in March 1934 which was reported to the Prince of Wales and widely reported in British and American press including the social gossip magazine of the day, Tatler." (Upclosed)

37) Yvonne de Carlo.
38) Zsa Zsa Gabor.
Lover in 1933.

Laszlo - Prince Andrew of Greece.jpg
Prince Andreas of Greece
Prince Andreas of Greece
"Prince Andrew would face a court martial for the defeat of the Greek Army and to flee to Paris with his wife and children. In 1930 Joice Loch's publisher, John Murray published Prince Andrew's account of the war, Towards Disaster, the Greek Army in Asia Minor but the Prince was also a broken man. He left his family in Paris and fled to Monte Carlo and became a playboy haunting the gambling tables." (Blue Ribbons Bitter Bread: Joice Loch - Australia's Most Heroic Woman)
"Playboy Prince, Randy Andy, Prince of Freebies, Air Miles Andy, Junket of York, the Duke of Yob. The list of tabloid labels stuck on the Duke of York over the years is almost as long as the line of wealthy and glamorous women with whom he has been linked, both before and after his marriage to Sarah Ferguson." (The Guardian)

Armand de Gramont, Comte de Guiche

Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia

Brajraj Kshatriya Birbar Chamupati Singh Mahapatra, Raja of Tigiria

Prince Carl-Philip of Sweden

King Carol II of Romania
"Carol II is a special case, however. Where he is concerned the countrymyth has proved as strong as the myth. Especially since his abdication in 1940 he has been more and more insistently portrayed as a playboy king, dissolute and unscrupulous, certainly not the builder of a new Romania, but rather responsible for eroding the Romanian democratic system. . . .: (History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness: 205)
King Edward VII of Great Britain

King Edward VIII of Great Britain

Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy

King Eric XIV of Sweden

Prince Ernst Rudiger Starhemberg
King Fahd
King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia
"For some, the most memorable image of Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud is as a young prince, emerging from a casino on the French Riviera in the early hours of the morning, an actress on each arm. People remember him wearing an expensively cut Western suit and gazing out confidently, not in the least troubled by the wholly un-Islamic combination of drink, women and gambling. This was not, of course, an aspect of the King's past which could be openly discussed in the Saudi media. But everyone knew the rumours. There were stories of all night sessions at seedy clubs in Beirut, of affairs with belly dancers, and of the wife of a Lebanese businessman paid $100,000 a year to make herself available." (BBC News)

"Beyond being lazy, there are four other unsavory aspects to Fahd's character which are universally acknowledged. He is a womanizer, but interestingly --- perhaps because he has no need to endow his womanizing with respectability --- he does not have to marry to do it. I have seen pictures of him with European women who look beneath the dignity even of a Bedouin royal and he frequented Regine's discotheque in Paris, where he often picked up a socialite for the night. In addition to dozens of second-hand stories attesting to his playboy status, I have first-hand knowledge of one. Fahd was enamoured of the wife of a Lebanese acquaintance of mine, and conducted a five-year affair with her while favouring her husband with concessions and pieces of business. The couple are extremely wealthy now, and there are many similar stories." (The Rise, Corruption and Coming Fall of the House of Saud: 55)

Prince Fahmy Bey

King Farouk I of Egypt


10th King of Egypt 1936-1952
King of the Sudan 1936.

Also known as:
born Farouk bin Ahmed Fuad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad Ali bin Ibrahim
Playboy of the Western World.
the Thief of Cairo: "One of the most curious things about King Farouk was that he is said to have become a bit of a kleptomaniac in his later years. He is said to have taken a ceremonial sword from the Shah of Iran's coffin and a pocket watch from Winston Churchill. His light-fingered habits led to King Farouk being nicknamed "the thief of Cairo" by some. King Farouk died at the age of 45 in Italy after a large dinner. He collapsed at the table after his last supper." (Gem Select)
Farouk I of Egypt & Queen Farida
& daughter Princess Ferial
@US Library of Congress
a.k.a. nee Nazli Abdelrehim Sabry.

Husband of:
1. Farida (1921-1988), a.k.a. Safinaz Zulficar, mar 1938, div 1948, daughter of Youssef Zulficar Pasha

2. Narriman Sadek (1933-2005), mar 1951, div 1954.

"The historical Farouk, who reigned over Egypt from 1936 until his ignominious expulsion by Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1952 is, of course, a much maligned figure, generally remembered for his financial extravagance, his playboy self-indulgence and the obesity that characterized the last years of his life. But Freeman, the author of ''A Hollywood Education,'' has chosen to concentrate on Farouk in his earlier incarnation: a slim, vain, handsome, unformed but not unintelligent 19-year-old trapped in a bizarre paradox. The stupefyingly wealthy descendant of a powerful dynasty, a young king of a putatively independent state, popular with his country's peasantry and capable of acting with political astuteness, Farouk is nevertheless little more than a high-ranking employee of the British Government who can be hired and fired like one of Sir Malcolm Cheyne's servants. 

Enamoured of glamour: "Farouk was enamoured of the glamorous royal lifestyle. Although he already had thousands of acres of land, dozens of palaces, and hundreds of cars, the youthful king often travelled to Europe for grand shopping sprees, earning the ire of many of his subjects. It is said that he ate 600 oysters a week. His personal vehicle was a red 1947 Bentley Mark VI, with coachwork by Figoni et Falaschi; he dictated that, other than the military jeeps which made up the rest of his entourage, no other cars were to be painted red. In 1951, he bought the pear-shaped 94-carat Star of the East Diamond and a fancy-coloured oval-cut diamond from jeweler Harry Winston."

"King Farouk had a series of affairs throughout his life, with ladies such as Irene Guinle, Barbara Skelton and Capece Minutolo, and two official marriages. He was first married to Queen Farida in 1938. Among her jewelry was a peacock and lotus flower tiara from her mother-in-law, Queen Nazli. King Farouk also gave Queen Farida a 346 carat Boucheron diamond necklace. Once married, Queen Farida owned a gold crown encrusted with 1506 diamonds. King Farouk divorced her almost eleven years later after she had borne him three daughters." (Gem Select)

A king who gambled and whored: " . . . Farouk was a hell of a king --- for the 18th century, that is.  He gambled and whored and lived in grand palaces, and woe to one's woman if he spotted her in a nightclub and asked her over. . . ." (Spectator)

Farouk's greatest passion---5,000 women!: "But his greatest passion, undoubtedly, was women. Almost from the wedding day, his marriage to the lovely and long-suffering Farida went on the rocks, and an endless succession of names were linked with his, so that before long the royal favor ceased to rate more than a coarse snigger. A recent biographer estimates that in his relatively short life (he died at forty-five) Farouk had sexual relations with over 5,000 women. It was no secret in Cairo that his performances in this sphere were inadequate, to say the least, which led some people to suppose that despite everything he was impotent. This was not so, in fact: the trouble was that he was underdeveloped---which no doubt accounts for much of the oddity of his behavior." (Napoleon to Nasser: The Story of Modern Egypt: n.p.)

Farouk's 'official' mistresses: "He openly took several 'official' mistresses. The first one lasted for 2 years and was with the 21-year old Irene Guinle, in 1941, while he was married to Farida. He would often talk about his female conquests with his mistresses in the presence of his wife Farida. Finally, he had divorced his popular wife in November 1948. Later he dated Liliane Cohen, Samia Gamal (a belly dancer), Annie Berrier, and Patricia Wilder. In 1950, he took on another mistress, Katharine Hepburn. He finally settled down and married Narriman in 1951. He went off to a gambling spree as part of their honeymoon in southern Europe, just as the holy month of Ramadan was starting in Egypt." (The Last King of Egypt @World Monument Photos)

Farouk's Alexandrian mistresses: "The King's love of Alexandria was reflected in his mistresses. Three were Alexandrians: Princess Fatma Toussoun, widow of a son of Prince Omar Toussoun, and two were Jewish women: Irene Guinle, whom he met at the orange-juice bar of the Alexandria Red Cross ball in 1941, and an actress called Lilian Cohen, known as Camellia, who later died in a car crash.  The first was the most serious. She installed a special lift and a gambling room for the King in her block of flats in Alexandria, and had a child by him. In the end, she fell in love with a Brazilian prince, Juan de Orleans Bragance, who had come to Egypt to inaugurate the first flight between the two countries, and left for Brazil." (Levant: n.p.)

Farouk's lovers were:
"Anna Maria Gatti, the married blonde who was with Farouk when he died, did not show up. Farouk and Anna Maria were just finishing a meal at the expensive Ile de France restaurant here early Thursday morning when the 250-pound ex-king pitched forward into the gourmet dishes. He was rushed to a hospital but pronounced dead of a heart attack." (Lodi News Sentinel)

2) Annie Berrier.

3) Barbara Skelton.

British writer & siren

4) Fatma Toussoun.

5) Irene Guinle (1920-?)

Lover in 1941-1943.
a.k.a. Irene Najjar.

Wife ofLoris Najjar

Farouk's first encounter with Irene: "One of the most attractive of his consorts at this time was an Alexandrian Jewess, Irene Guinle. Farouk never let race, religion or politics stand in the way of pleasure. They met when they were both twenty-one. Farouk was still slim and handsome then. Their affair lasted two years. . . They met at a charity ball in aid of the war effort in 1941, when the German forces were posted on the Libyan border and seemed unstoppable. Although the assignation had been arranged by a mutual friend who knew how unhappy Farouk's fairy-tale marriage had become, Irene avoided him."" (Sex Lives of the Great Dictators: 45)

Irene's personal & family background: The daughter of a cotton broker, Irene spoke six languages. At seventeen, she had been discovered by a scout for MGM at the Alexandria Sporting club. She took part in a lot of sport and had an athletic body with an especially well-developed bosom. But her mother would not hear of her becoming an actress. She considered them little better that whores. Instead, Irene was married off to Loris Najjar, an English-educated Alexandrian Jew who was about twenty-nine. Unfortunately, Najjar had picked up certain predilections from his English public school. On their wedding night, he opened an attache case and produced a cane and a pair of black patent-leather high-heeled shoes. Irene ran from their Cairo hotel in horror. He found her cowering behind the pyramids and dragged her back to their room. He forced her to beat him until he bled, then scrape the high heels down his cuts. She had to do it three times a day. 'Everybody does it this way,' he told his young bride. The whole thing sickened her. She became ill and her hair began to fall out. Irene was naive and believed that marriage was for life. It was only four years later that she discovered she could get a divorce. After Najjar, Farouk came as a welcome relief." (Sex Lives of the Great Dictators: 45)

Lover in 2005.
Italian opera singer.
" . . . Irma Capece Minutolo, the 29-year-old Neapolitan beauty in recent years, came to the morgue, but was allowed in only briefly." (Lodi News Sentinel)

7) Katharine Skelton.

8) Liliane Cohen.
9) Nahed Rashad.
Wife of: Dr. Youssef Rashad, King's personal physician.

"As the story went, it started when a collision with the king's car occurred at the town knwn as Al Kassassin. Responding to the scene of the accident was Dr. Youssef Rashad. When Dr. Rashad arrived, he carried the king to the hospital and took care of him throughout his treatment. He stayed very close to the king. After which, the king appointed him as his personal physician. Nahed Rashad used to come to visit her husband, Youssef Rashad, at the palace. Not long thereafter, the king took note of her presence and fell madly in love with her. He appointed her as an assistant to his to his sister, Princess Fawzyia, and assigned a bedroom nearby for her use. She became the uncrowned queen in the palace for her enormous influence on the king. She was beautiful, tall, and elegant with her beautiful long hair and aggressive character. She was unstoppable in her influence around the king. She became his constant companion in all his outings and nightly parties. Queen Farida began to boycott all these parties, as Farouk had no shame and would flirt with Nahed Rashad, even in the presence of her husband." (Farida, the Queen of Egypt: A Memoir of Love and Governance: 79-80)

10) Pat Rainey.
"Pat Rainey was a famous showgirl, singer and actress of the late 1940's.  She was the first black singer to appear at exclusive supper cluns, including the famous Zanzibar Night Club.  Referred to as a 'society girl', Rainey was described as a stunning beauty.  Her father was prominent black attorney Julian Rainey.  Originally from Boston, Rainey was romantically connected to men such as Joe Louis and King Farouk of Egypt.  King Farouk had a thing for light skinned African American women.  In the 1950's, Farouk and an Italian Prince exchanged cold glances and hot worlds over black actress Tessa Prendergast who resembles Pat Rainey.  Prendergast was in Rome shooting a film.  The two royals continued to clash when Farouk tried to persuade Prendergast to leave the company of the Italian Prince who had been her constant companion in Italy.  The clash became so heated that the police had to intervene.

11) Patricia Wilder.

12) Samia Gamal.
a belly dancer.

13) Vera.

Farouk's revenge, in an act that is both personal and political, is to fall for, and then seduce, Sir Malcolm's lovely young wife, who is much closer to him than to her husband in both age and attitude. As King (he ascends to the throne after the death of his father, Fuad), Farouk is playful to the point of silliness (he is fond of riddles and practical jokes), promiscuous (if such a word can be used to describe frequenters of the harem) and regally romantic (he's good on expensive gifts). For her part, Vera is adventurous, drawn to the exotic in a familiar European way, and thus especially susceptible to the sensually and sexually charged atmosphere that Farouk can both manipulate and create." (Farouk's Revenge @The NYT)
Prince Francisco Pignatari

King Francois I of France

Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark

Gabriele d'Annunzio, Principe di Montenevoso
"Still in his early twenties, he married Maria, daughter of an aristocrat. Leaving him, she attempted suicide. After Maria came Olga. Deadpan, Hughes-Hallett writes that D’Annunzio “was attracted to independent-minded women. He liked to try out his ideas on them.” After Olga came Barbara. After Barbara came another Maria, this one a princess, who also tried to kill herself and then went mad. After Princess Maria came Eleonora Duse, previously the mistress of Arrigo Boito, Verdi’s librettist. Extremely beautiful, Duse was one of the all-time great actresses, and she and D’Annunzio are described here as the most celebrated couple in Italy, if not in all Europe. In an affair that lasted eight years, Duse added a real-life role to her usual stage repertoire of suffering heroines. In one of his plays, D’Annunzio depicted her recognizably as a worn-out degenerate, and she refrained from suicide only for fear of damaging his image. After Duse came Luisa and Nathalie and a legion of women from all walks of life." (National Review)
Gabriele D'Annunzio
Principe di Montenevoso
Gabriele D'AnnunzioPrincipe di Montenevoso (1863-1938)
Italian writer, poet, politician, journalist, novelist, playwright, aviator, & sailor.

Prince of Montenevoso 1924.
Duca di Gallese

Also known as:
Gaetano Rapagnetta
Gaetano Gabriele-Rapagnetta
Ariel (personal nickname)
il Vate (the Prophet).
Irresistible Don Juan: " . . . By the time he graduated from the Cicognini College . . . D'Annunzio . . . had . . . earned a scandalous reputation as a Don Juan. Women found the handsome, muscular, 5-ft. 6-in. poet irresistible . . . " (The Intimate Sex Lives of Famous People:142)
Gabrielle d'Annunzio

His lovers were:
1) Alessandra Starraba di Rudini, Marchesa Carlotti da Garda.

"Concurrently, while he was still carrying on with Duse, Casati, and others, from 1903 to 1907 D’Annunzio also maintained a relationship with Alessandra Di Rudini` Carlotti, the widowed daughter of the Marquis Antonio Di Rudini, a former prime minister of Italy. The poet met the beautiful, statuesque 27-year-old mother of two children when he had acted as a witness to the marriage of her brother, count Carlo di Rudini. He saw her again in Milan at the Club Leonardo da Vinci, and continued to pursue her. Slowly, the initial distrust and antipathy Alessandra felt for him turned first to admiration and then to blind love, creating a great public scandal.Unlike Duse, whose place she had seemingly taken, Alessandra wanted the poet all for herself and did not think twice about spending her money to keep him happy and in style. The servants at the villa increased from seven to twenty-one, the horses from four to eight, and the dogs from four to thirty-nine. When scandal followed, and Alessandra’s widow’s pension from her deceased husband was reduced despite her father’s fury, she moved in with D’Annunzio in Florence. Their stormy relationship verged in some respects on the kinky; recently a contract about the rules of their relationship they had both signed on November 27, 1903, has come to light. In it, the first rule read “Alessandra Carlotti of Garda gives to Gabriele D’Annunzio absolute possession of her body – free of any clothing and other impediment- from the nail of her feet to the very top of her light hair, without exclusion of any part, in light, health, and joy.” (Open Letters Monthly)

2) Amelie Mazoyer.
His housekeeper
a.k.a. Aelis
Angela Lager

3) Angela Lager.
French woman
Lover in 1924-1925.

a.k.a. Jouvance.

In 1924 a beautiful 22 year old French woman, Angela Lager, made her appearance in Gardone Riviera. Somehow, the 61-year-old D’Annunzio seduced her, installing her in a small apartment in town. He nicknamed her Jouvence and visited her frequently; however when she demanded that he send Luisa away and move her to the villa, he demurred and in August 1925 sent her packing." (Open Letters Monthly)

4) Annamaria.

"But this was an almost isolated exception. Thanks to his fame and money, D’Annunzio’s bed partners multiplied. In many instances, mothers prostituted themselves and then offered their daughter to the lecherous old goat. He was always very generous both with mothers and daughters; their “happiness” certainly had material rewards. Giuditta Franzoni, his long-time personal nurse, also participated in his unorthodox libidinous games and was in charge of contacting and procuring for him new and varied female companions. A letter dated November 28, 1936, found in D’Annunzio’s papers, from a certain Angela reveals that her daughter Annamaria is more than ready to visit him again. Mother Angela writes: “Commander, as recommended by your nurse Giuditta, I had our doctor examine Annamaria and he determined that she is a little weak and ordered a tonic treatment. Annamaria is now well again and has a strong desire to return to you. I am very appreciative of your thoughts toward me. Annamaria is all for me and I am happy that you make her happy – a happiness which I often dreamt during my youth.” (Open Letters Monthly)

4. Caroline Otero.

5) Clemenza Coccolini.
Eleonora Duse

6) Eleonora Duse (1858-1924)
Italian actress.
Lover in 1895-1904

a.k.a. Duse
" .. . Duse's private life (which, in contrast to Bernhardt, she always tried to keep private) became an emotional roller coaster as she carried on a ten-year affair, 1894-1904, with the vainglorious poet-playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio. They dreamed of revitalizing Italian art through her performances of his decadent poetic dramas . . . but his works never appealed to the public as musch as Dumas fils and Sardou plays that formed the basis of her repertoire. . . . " (The History of World Theater: From the English Restoration to the Present:322)

7) Elvira Natalia Fraternali.
Lover in 1887

a.k.a. Barbara Elvira Leoni

Eleonora Duse was one of the two most famous European actresses of the era. When not touring, Duse lived in a modest villa, La Porziuncola, Via della Capponcina 75, in Settignano, in the hills above Florence. D’Annunzio had conveniently rented the more grandiose villa La Capponcina, for which he could not afford the rent and which Duse paid for him, at Via della Capponcina 32, living there in princely splendor with his 38 borzoi dogs, 10 horses, 15 servants, and 200 doves. Michelangelo, as a child, also lived at Via della Capponcina 68, in a house owned by his father Leonardo Buonarroti who run a stone quarry nearby. The short distance between the two villas, on opposite sides of the same street, gave the lovers ample opportunity to see each other. D’Annunzio remained in the lavishly furnished villa even after his affair with Duse foundered in 1904. He lived there from 1898 until 1908, when, as Duse was no longer paying his bills and he lived mostly on credit, he was forced to flee into “exile” in France to escape creditors haunting him for payment. The affair between D’Annunzio and Duse started with an exchange of correspondence. Duse had just read D’Annunzio’s novel L’Innocente and was attempting to convince him to write a play for her. After reading his next novel, Il Trionfo della Morte, Eleonora’s fascination with D’Annunzio became a morbid fixation, since she was fascinated and at the same time repelled by the author’s energetic but strange ideas. She confided to Boito: “I would prefer to die in a corner rather than love a soul such as his. I detest D’Annunzio, but adore him.” The two had met in 1894 in Venice. The affair, which started in 1895, lasted on and off for close to a decade. The relationship was mutually advantageous, since Duse paid most of D’Annunzio’s bills, and he wrote four plays in which she starred."(Open Letters Monthly)

"In 1886-87, for instance (after an 1884-85 affair with Neapolitan poet and journalist Olga Ossani), he took up with a woman separated from her husband, Barbara Elvira Leoni, an affair that, on and off, lasted six years (1886-1892). The two had met in Rome in April 1887 at a concert. Her real name was Elvira Natalia Fraternali; pressured by her parents, in 1884, she had married Count Ercole Leoni but for various reasons (among them an abortion that left her incapable of bearing children) in early 1887 the two had separated and she had returned to live with her parents. She was smart, good-looking, twenty-five, and available and within a matter of days the two had become lovers. Within months they were separated when her parents took her on vacation to Rimini, on the Adriatic, for the summer. They saw each other only once in Rimini before Barbara left with one of his friends, poet Adolfo de Bosis, on a yatcht bound for Venice. D’annunzio followed via land, and the two stayed together in Venice for about a month before returning to Rome, where in the meantime, D’annunzio’s wife had given birth to his third son. In Rome they saw each other virtually daily and during the next few years he wrote her more than one thousand love letters, some romantic and many erotic: “You came into my blood as a sweet and frightening destiny. A caress from you is not worth anything; a kiss from you not worth anything. Every day I am more and more convinced of this. Adored one. Adored one, very much adored and desired…” In another letter, his aesthetic decadence, and fetishism comes to the fore when he wrote to her about, “that bloody (menstrual) handkerchief wrapped in newspaper pages… a very intimate thing… I cannot describe to you the strange life elixir that comes out of these dead objects…” (Open Letters Monthly)

"D'Annunzio was instantly awestruck by Barbara Leoni's goddesslike beauty when they met at a concert in 1887. They shared a passionately intense love and met at secret hideaways as often as they could. . . He kept one of Barbara's hairs in a locket, and throughout their five-year affair, while making love, D'Annunzio would cover her body with rose petals. . . . " (The Intimate Sex Lives of Famous People:144)

8) Emy Heufler.
a maid in his villa

Lover in 1932-1938

"Many others succeeded her. In 1932, it was 20-year-old Emy Heufler, employed at the villa as a maid, who on and off stayed put until he died. Emy, who was allegedly from the Tyrol, may have been employed by the German intelligence service to report on D’Annunzio’s activities, since after D’Annunzio died she landed a job on the staff of the Third Reich Foreign Affairs minister." (Open Letters Monthly)

9) Giselda Zucconi.
a fellow student.

"At the age of 16, while still in high school, he published his first book of poems, Primo Vere. To stir interest in the publication of these verses, he circulated a press release of his fall from a horse and premature death; it had the effect he intended since the slim volume garnered free publicity when newspapers mentioned it in his obituaries. He also pawned his grandfather’s pocket watch to pay for a visit to a brothel, and started a long-term love affair with a fellow student, Giselda Zucconi. He wasn’t faithful to her, of course, but throughout the years he kept returning to her in between bouts of affairs with many others." (Open Letters Monthly)

10) Giuseppina Giorgi Mancini.
Lover in 1907-1909

"In 1907-09 D’Annunzio had a relationship with Countess Giuseppina Giorgi Mancini, another married woman. He had been pursuing her since 1906 and finally seduced her in February 1907. In September 1908, while she was on her way to see him, two men sent by her husband had abducted her on the street and brought her back home. In any case, because she had been showing signs of mental malady, the affair had virtually petered. Mancini was institutionalized until 1911." (Open Letters Monthly)

11) Gorella Gori.

12) Ida Rubesntein.

13) Isadora Duncan.

14) Juliet Gordigiani.

15) Leila.
Letitia de Felici

16) Letizia de Felici.
Italian tailor shop owner.

"As he got older, D’Annunzio became even more active in proving that his libido was still up to par, and to keep himself “ in form,” started taking cocaine and engaging in all kinds of erotic games. One who was often invited to the Vittoriale to entertain the “commandante” was Letizia De Felici, who ran the tailor shop that provided D’Annunzio with his suits and the various costumes he wore around the house." (Open Letters Monthly)

17) Liane de Pougy, Princess Ghica,
Luisa Casati
Marchesa Casati Stampa di Soncino 

18) Luisa Amman (1881-1957)
Lover in 1903-1913.

Luisa Adele Rosa Maria von Amman
Luisa Casati, Marchesa Casati Stampa di Soncino.

Daughter of: Alberto von Amann & Lucia Bressi.

Wife of: Camillo, Marchese Casati Stampa di Soncino, mar 1900

"Luisa Casati was known as a beauty. She was the daughter of Alberto von Amman. Her parents were both dead by the time she was fifteen years old and she may have been among the wealthiest women of Italy. In 1900 she married the young Italian marquess Camillo Casati (1877-1946). One year later her daughter Cristina (1901-1953) was born. She and her husband held seperate residences and she started a long term affair with Gabriele d'Annunzio with whom she investigated the occult. In 1914 they seperated legally but they never divorced." (androom)

By 1904 his ardors for the “Divine Duse” had cooled, and D’Annunzio became sexually involved with Marquise Luisa Casati, an affair lasting from 1903 to 1913. Casati was flamboyant, erratic, and exhibited shocking behavior; thus she fit well with D’Annunzio’s exhibitionist style, as much as a narcissist and insatiable show-off as he was, but one with the advantage of having money, and lot of it. Born Luisa Annan in Milan, in 1900 she had married Marchese Casati Stampa di Soncino and led a conventional life until age 22, when she started an on-again off-again affair with D’Annunzio. Converted by her lover to a philosophy of excess, extravagance, and decadence, she used the considerable fortune she had inherited from her father, a textile magnate, to pay for this lifestyle. From 1910 to 1924 she lived in her Venetian palace, Palazzo Venier de Leoni, on the Grand Canal. From this grand residence, with its retinue of servants and a menagerie of exotic animals, Casati would take late evening strolls, naked under her furs, parading her pet cheetahs, held by diamond-studded leashes, and accompanied by black male servants whose bodies were covered in gold paint. Casati’s stated aim was “to be a living work of art.” To accomplish this, she continued spending with abandon, trying to impress with her originality and uniqueness. In addition to D’Annunzio, she had affairs with artistic figures such as Augustus John, Erte`, Jean Cocteau, and Cecil Beaton. Her parties were attended by the likes of Isadora Duncan, Sergei Diaghilev, Pablo Picasso, and Salvador Dali. When in New York, she hobnobbed with the likes of John Barrymore and William Randolph Hearst. By the early 1930s Casati was totally broke, unable to obtain further loans, and in debt for 25 million dollars. Her palaces, art collection, and other possessions were seized and sold at auction and she fled to London, where she was still able, for a time, to move in the intellectual circles of Peter Quennell and Quentin Crisp. During her last years, she kept moving from one rooming house to another, sometimes rummaging for food through garbage cans, a forlorn, strange, pitiful figure. Casati died on June 1, 1957, poor and forgotten, a figure of oblivious pity and curiosity. She was buried near London at Brompton Cemetery with one of her beloved dogs, stuffed, buried at her feet. Her tombstone bears a quotation from Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra: “Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale her Infinite variety” (Open Letters Monthly)
Luisa Baccara
19) Luisa Baccara.
Italian classical pianist

Lover in 1919-1938

"In 1919 he abandoned Brunner Levi for classical pianist, Luisa Baccara. He had met her in the Brunner’s home in April and was able to seduce her by the fall of that year. She was 27, he 56. Baccara followed him when in 1919-20 he headed the military invasion of Fiume he hadba organized. Such was her influence on him during those days, that two of his lieutenants, Guido Keller and future novelist Giovanni Comisso hatched a secret plot to kidnap her during a party and drop her off in one of the deserted Dalmatian islands. It did not happen since D’Annunzio nixed the idea of giving that party. She subsequently moved to Venice with him, and installed herself at his retirement villa, Il Vittoriale, in the town of Gardone Riviera on the shores of Lake Garda, as the mistress of the house. Luisa Baccara, despite D’Annunzio frequent “adventures” inside and outside the “family” walls, stayed with him until his death in 1938." (Open Letters Monthly)

"D’Annunzio was 58 when he moved to the future Vittoriale and 75 when he died. Apart from frequent outside female companionship, he lived there with Luisa Baccara, and for a while her sister Iolanda, his architect Maroni, the “governess” Aelis Mazoyer, his librarian Antonio Bruiers, a cook named Albina, and a number of other household servants. He still kept lot of dogs, mostly great Danes, all having names that followed a distinct pattern: Dangiero, Dannaggio, Dannissa, Danzetta …" (Open Letters Monthly)

"D'Annunzio had met Luisa at Olga's house (which he continued to frequent) and was struck by her playing, her lovely voice, her narrow brown face and wild hair prematurely streaked with silver. . . . " (Hughes-Hallett, 2013, n.p.)
Maria Gravina
20) Maria Anguissola Gravina Cruyllas di Ramacca.

a.k.a. Maria Gravina Cruyllas Ramacca

"In Naples, although he was still continuing his affair with Leoni, in 1891 he started a new entanglement with the married mother of four children, Countess Maria Gravina Di Ramacca. In October 1892, Maria’s husband surprised the two in bed together in her apartment in Via Caracciolo in Naples. He challenged D’Annunzio to a duel, but when the poet declined (odd for an Italian), the husband reported the crime of adultery to the authorities. In July 1893, D’Annunzio and Maria were tried, found guilty, and sentenced to a five-month jail term, which was promptly suspended through royal amnesty. Maria then moved in with D’Annunzio and gave him a child, Renata, but the relationship floundered the following year. Maria always claimed that another child, born in 1895, was also D’Annunzio’s, a claim he denied because he believed that after he left her she had relations with other men. Later, Maria moved to Monte Carlo (Monaco), became the manager of a small hotel, and died there." (Open Letters Monthly)

21) Maria Antonietta Avveduti (1901-1973)
Italian actress & filmmaker.

Lover in 1027-1928.

born Maria Antonietta Bartolo Avveduti
Elena Sangro
Lilia Flores.
Maria Hardouin

22) Maria Hardouin.

a.k.a. Maria Harduin de Gallese
Maria Hardouin
"In 1881 he moved to Rome to study at the university, a task which he did not take as seriously as his social gad-abouting or insatiable love life, but in 1883 he met and married the young Duchess Maria Harduin, despite her parents’ opposition. Although Harduin gave the poet three children, married intimacy did not last long and in 1890, after she tried to commit suicide, the two finally started to lead separate lives, although they remained married for 55 years." (Open Letters Monthly)
Marie de Regnier
by Paul Nadar, 1889
23) Marie de Regnier (1875-1963)
Lover in 1910-1914.

French poet & novelist.

Marie-Louise-Antoinette de Heredia
Marie de Heredia
Gerard d'Houville (pen name).

Daughter of: Jose-Maria de Heredia, French poet.

Wife of: Henri de Regnier.

Her other lovers were:
1. Edmond Jaloux.

2. Henri Bernstein.

3. Jean-Louis Vaudoyer.

4. Pierre Louys.
Natalia de Goloubeff
24) Natalia de Goloubeff.
Lover in 1908-1915.

Nathalie de Goloubeff.

"Even before Giuseppina Mancini lost her sanity in Florence during September and October 1908, D'Annunzio was deeply involved with his new passion, the Countess Nathalie De Goulobeff, the pair having first met the previous March in Rome, at the house of D'Annunzio's friend Count Gege Primoli. Frances Winwar has demonstrated nated with fair accuracy that the poet and his new mistress had a passionate encounter in May 1908, probably, Winwar surmises, 17 May. D'Annunzio, true to habit, renamed Nathalie with the sobriquet Donatella, after the singer in Il fuoco, and began to sign his letters to her with the pseudonym Stelio. However disastrously their affair was to turn out for La Goloubeff, this was to be one of D'Annunzio's luckiest encounters, particularly when he fled penniless to France two years later. The countess was married to the very wealthy Russian diplomat, Count Vikto Golubev, who following a civilized agreement that their marriage was no longer viable, had granted his wife her freedom, though out of respect for his diplomatic position and perhaps for the sake of their children the two continued to share the same house. Count Vikto had made his wife a generous personal allowance which would continue until the 1917 revolution ruined him, along with others of his ilk, but by then D'Annunzio was well out of the picture and had seen Nathali for the last time. His new conquest would ensure an essential financial guarantee for the early period of his exile in France, but, equally importantly, his new-found sexual passion immediately inspired the not unexpected literary by-product. In a letter of 19 November 1908 it is possible to see how Nathalie's slim body and long legs had him fantasizing about St. Sebastian bound to a tree, while he sat nearby foring new tips for his arrows. Nathalie was to be the catalyst for his last drama, Le Martyre de Saint Sebastien, though this would take several years before its completion in 1911 at Arcachon, and by then Nathalie would be replaced in his imagination by Ida Rubinstein as protagonist of the new play." (Ganriele D'Annunzio: Defiant Archangel: Z-40=Z-41)

"By then D’Annunzio’s creditors had caught up with him, and he had fled to Paris, while most his furniture and personal effects were, on orders from the courts, auctioned off (the balance were auctioned off for charity by the owner of the villa in 2001). He lived in Paris, on and off, about five years, continuing his promiscuous, unstable life: among his new conquests were Countess Natalie De Golubeff, the wife of Russian Count Viktor Golubeff, with whom he had an affair from 1908 to 1915. . . ." (Open Letters Monthly)

25) Olga Levi Brunner (1885-1961)
Lover in 1916-1919.
Italian singer, musician & writer

a. k.a.
Olga Levi Nrunner.

"During World War I, between 1916 and 1919, a period in which he primarily devoted his energies to military exploits, he frequented Olga Brunner Levi, a singer and musician who was married to Venetian Ugo Levi and lived in Palazzo Giustiniani Lolin in Venice. The palace was a venue for musical and literary dinners, and D’Annunzio, who was then living in Venice recuperating from a plane crash, came for supper. Olga, then thirty years old, fell for the talk of the poet, and the affair started, known to those in their social circle in the city, except Ugo who remained in the dark. The passionate affair lasted several years, and Olga kept hidden in a small trunk the over three hundred love letters he sent her." (Open Letters Monthly)
26) Olga Ossani (1857-1933)
Italian poet & journalist.

Lover in 1884-1885

Olga Roman Ossani
Olga Lodi
Olga Ossani Lodi

"A good example of how D'Annunzio's gossip column could promote a favourite...was his description of an ash-blonde beauty, who appeared thinly disguised under the name of Donna Claribel in the column of Sir Charles Vere de Vere... The lady in question was in reality a Neapolitan journalist, Olga Ossani, a colleague on Capitan Fracassa, who wrote under the pseudonym Febea. D'Annunzio and she were to have a love affait which lasted from his return from Pescara in November 1884 until March 1885, when Olga left him (without rancour on either side) in order to marry one of his great admirers and supporters, Luigi Lodi...." (Woodhouse, 1998, p. 56)

"The 'desire to end his [D'Annunzio's] monogamy' emerged after less than one year of his married life, when he met the Neapolitan journalist Olga Ossani. An unusual beauty---young but with white and burning dark eyes---she became his first known lover after he had married. The affair lasted only four months; Olga opted for marriage, eliminating the possibility of gauging the kind of experience D'Annunzio might have had...." (Bonadeo, 1995, pp. 21-22). References: [Ref1:Italian Women Writers] [Ref2:antveral] [Ref3:137] [Ref4]
Romaine Brooks
27) Romaine Brooks.
American painter
a.k.a. Romaine Goddard Brooks.

" . . . He lived in Paris, on and off, about five years, continuing his promiscuous, unstable life: among his new conquests were . . . Romaine Brooks, an American lesbian painter. She painted three portraits of him, but had the good sense to leave him for expatriate American poet Nathalie Clifford Barney and Russian ballerina Ida Rubenstein before D’Annunzio had the opportunity to ditch her." (Open Letters Monthly)

28) Sarah Bernhardt.

29) Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette.

30) Teodolonda Pomarici.

Spouse & Children: He married, in 1883, Maria Hardouin di Gallese, daughter of the Duca di Gallese. "In 1883 he settled down long enough to marry Maria Gallese, daughter of the Duke di Gallese. Despite that fact that D'Annunzio continued his illicit affairs, Maria bore him three sons in the next four years. . . . " (The Intimate Sex Lives of Famous People:142)

Gabriele d'Annunzio Gallery.
Gabriele d'Annunzio
Gabriele d'Annunzio
Gabriele d'Annunzio
Gabriele d'Annunzio
Gabriele D'Annunzio
References: [Bio1:Wallace:142] [Bio2:Hesperus Press] [Pix1:Italiots] [Pix2:Mosley] [Pix3:Tuscany Villas] [Ref1:A Bit of History-C] [Ref2:Italiots] [Ref3:Open Letters Monthly] [Ref4:Wayback Machine] [Ref5:Times Literary Supplement] [Ref6:Mosley] [Ref7:Gabriele D'] [Ref8: Mr. Porter] [Ref9:Vogue] [Ref10:Quarterly Review] [Ref11:Gullace] [Ref12:This is Italy] [Ref13:Woodhouse] [Ref14:antveral] [] [Ref2] [Ref3:Lifestyle43] [Traveling in Tuscany]

Prince George, Duke of Kent

Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir

Duke Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince Consort of the Netherlands

King Henry V of England

Prince Henry, Duke of Sussex.
Prince Henri d'Orleans, Count of Paris

Maharaja Jagaddipendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur of Cooch Behar

Prince Jagat Singh, Raja of Isarda

Prince Jefri Bolkiah of Brunei

Maharaja Shri Sir Jitendra Narayan Bhup Bahadur of Cooch Behar

King Juan Carlos I of Spain

Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
"Known in the '20's and '30's as a member of the gay 'Palace Gang' that collected around his cousin, the Prince of Wales, Lord Louis was treated by the press as a playboy and a polo player. At the same time he was quietly making a name for himself in the Navy as a good sailor, a capable leader and an incentive communications man who had devised a new and more efficient ship-to-ship call system. But he kept this career modestly hidden. Only when war came did he emerge from the playboy guise, at first as a brilliant officer at sea, then as chief of the Commandos." (LIFE 17 Aug 1942: 63)

King Leopold II of Belgium

Emperor Matthias of the Holy Roman Empire

Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran

Prince Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse

Prince Nasser Al-Thani of Qatar

Emperor Nikolai II of Russia

Grand Duke Nikolai Konstantinovich of Russia

Prince Nikolaos of Greece

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Prince Rainier III of Monaco

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Sheikh Rashid bin Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum
Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria

Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria

Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur

Prince Shah Karim Al Hussaini Aga Khan IV

Maharajah Shivraj Singh of Jodhpur

King Vajiralongkorn of Thailand

Crown Prince Wilhelm of 

King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands