Monday, May 11, 2020

Charles-Joseph, Prince de Ligne--

7th Prince de Ligne

Belgian soldier, writer, playwright & diplomat.

7th Prince de Ligne 1766; Prince of the HRE; Prince d'Amblise; Prince d'Epinoy; Comte de Fauquemberg; Comte de Nichin; Vicomte de Leyden; Sovereign de Fagnolle; Premier noble of Flanders; Grandee of Spain; Field Marshal 1809; Captain of the Trabant Guards 1806.

Son ofClaude Lamoral, 6th Prince de Ligne & Elisabeth-Alexandrine zu Salm.

Husband of: Franziska von Liechtenstein (1739-1821)

"Charles Joseph, Prince de Ligne, who was born at Brussels in 1735, was descended from a family celebrated in the history of the Netherlands for several centuries. He entered the army in 1752, and made his first campaign in 1757. In 1758 he was engaged at the victory of Hochkirchen, and gained the rank of colonel on the field of battle. He was made a major-general at the coronation of Joseph II, and he had the honour to accompany that sovereign on his interview with Frederick II in 1776. In the following year he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-general. In the conclusion of peace he returned to France. His amiable character and chivalrous manners rendered him a great favourite at Versailles, where he had already made a distinguished figure in 1759. Queen Marie Antoinette received him with marked condescension. At Versailles he became acquainted with the Marchioness de Coigny, to whom he addressed, from the banks of the Boristhenes, the most remarkable portion of his correspondence. When he was sent to Russia, in 1782, his talent and fine person distinguished him among the courtiers of the Empress Catherine. She made him a field-marshal, and permitted him to accompany her on her journey to the Crimea. Joseph II having conferred upon him the rank of general of artillery, he joined Prince Potemkin, who was then besieging Oczakow. In the following year he took command of a corps of the Austrian army, and shared with Laudon the glory of taking Belgrade.  This was the close of his military career. The revolution of the Netherlands deprived him of his property; a misfortune which he bore with most philosophic fortitude. The Emperor Francis made him a captain of the Trabans in 1807, and a marshal in 1808, and he always presided at the council of the order of Maria Theresa. In the latter part of his life he devoted himself entirely to literary occupation. His collected works are published in thirty volumes. Many of them have attained considerable celebrity, particularly those in which he describes the events of which he was a witness, and the distinguished individuals he intimately knew." (Journal of a Nobleman: 10)

"Charles-Joseph, Prince de Ligne, Austrian General and French literateur, was born in Brussels in 1735, and died at Vienna in 1814. He was a son of Prince Claude Lamoral de Ligne and Elizabeth de Salm-Salm. The Prince de Ligne left many printed and manuscript works. Madame de Stael said of the Prince de Ligne: 'He is the only foreigner who, in French manners, has become a model insted of being an imitator.'" (Souvenirs of Madame Vigée Le Brun: 50)

A vigorous heterosexual from age 16 to 74.

"Soldier, published writer, playwright, wit, devoted to excess, described by Goethe as 'the most cheerful man in Europe.' Born in Brussels, the only son of the impossibly wealthy Hainaut family of landowners. He felt himself to be European, rather than belonging to any particular state and mixed conviviality with monarchs across Europe. On of the commotion around the death of Louis XV he wrote to Voltaire 'it was raining bishops and enemas'. A defender of homosexuality he himself led a vigorously heterosexual life from the age of 16 to at least 74 (when he fathered an illegitimate child), seducing women irrespective of rank or nationality. He was opposed to anti-semitism, and, well in advance of his times, he declared the injustice of a wife's property belonging to her husband. A dull acquaintance, approaching de Ligne yawning was told 'my dear Count, you forestall me'. The is a biography by Philip Mansel, 'Prince of Europe: the Life of Charles Joseph de Ligne' (Weidenfeld)." (Brussels Remembers)

"Prince Charles-Joseph de Ligne has two paradoxical reputations of being both famous and little known. Most studies of the eighteenth century mention him, at least in passing, as one who was acquainted with Louis XV and Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and Madame du Barry, Maria Theresa of Austria and Catherine the Great of Russia, Potemkin and Loudon, Joseph II, Casanova, Goethe, Madame de Stael, Voltaire and Rousseau, Talleyrand, Friedrich the Great, and many others. He was a grand aristocrat, a talented military man, an entertaining writer, a brilliant conversationalist, a great garden fancier, a moralist and a memoirist. He witnessed the fall of Napoleon, who fascinated him but whom he refused to meet." (Wilnitsky)

"Charles de Ligne, Prince of Areberg (1550-1616), the highest-ranking nobleman of the Southern Netherlands after the ruling prince, had a passionate interest in plants and animals since his youth, but was involved for most of his life in military campaigns, politics and diplomacy. In 1605 he retired to Enghien (also known as Edingen) southwest of Brussels, where he bought the castle and part and devoted himself entirely to collecting plants and other naturalia. Together with his wife Anne de Croy, the rich Duchess of Aerschot, who wa also the sister of the Prince of Croy to whom Peiresc gave the pink flamingoes, de Ligne turned the grounds at Enghien from a neglected domain into one of the most beautiful gardens of Europe. During the last years of the 16th century moreover, Arenberg had also acquired the famous Libri Picturati collection -- the watercolours of plants and animals commissioned by Charles de Saint Omer some thirty years earlier. The contents of Arenberg's library, which contained most of the great botanical works of the 16th century, plus his personal contacts with Clusius further demonstrate his wide-ranging and expert interest in naturalia." (Luxury in the Low Countries: Miscellaneous Reflections on Netherlandish Material Culture, 1500 to the Present: 60)

Prince de Ligne's full titles.

" . . . His own style and titles in full were as follows: Charles-Joseph, Prince de Ligne, d'Amblise, and the Holy Empire, Marquis de Roubais and de Dormans, Comte de Fauquemberghe, Baron de Werchin, Beloeil, Antoing, Cisoing, Villiers, Silly, and Herzelles, Souverain de Fagnolles, Seigneur de Baudour, Wallincourt, and other places, Chevalier of the Golden Fleece, Commander of the Order of Maria Theresa, Grandee of Spain of the first-class, first Ber of Flanders, peer, Seneschal of Hainault, Field-Marshal of the Imperial armies, captain of Trabans, colonel-proprietor of the Wallon infantry regiment, Saxe-Gotha, and chamberlain of their Imperial Majesties." (The Prince de Ligne: His Memoirs, Letters, and Miscellaneous Papers: 174)
Castle of Beloeil
His lovers were:
1) Adelaide Fleury

2) Adelaide Nones.

Natural offspring:
1. Christine de Ligne (1788-1867)
2. Adele de Ligne (1809-1810)

3) Albertine-Elisabeth de Nyvenheim, Marquise de Champcenetz
Angelique d'Hannetaire
by G.-L. Godecharle
4) Angelique d'Hannetaire (1749-1822)
French actress & opera singer
a.k.a. Marie-Angelique Servandoni.

5) Christine de Ligne (1788-1867)
Maria Wilhelmina von Neipperg
Princess of Auersperg
6) Maria Wilhelmina von NeippergPrincess von Auersperg (1738-1775)

Sunday, May 10, 2020

Visconti & Sforza of Milan--

Galeazzo II of Milan
Duca di Milano

Son of Stefano Visconti di Milano & Valentina Doria

Wife of Bianca di Savoia (1337-1387), mar 1350

His lover was:

Natural offspring:
Gian Galeazzo I Visconti

Gian Galeazzo Visconti.
1st Duke of Milan

Husband of:

2. Caterina Visconti (1361-1404), mar 1380, daughter of Bernabo Visconti of Milan and Beatrice Regina della Scala

His lover was:
Agnese Mantegazza.
Lover in 1384-1389.

Natural offspring:
1. Gabriele Maria Visconti (1385-1407), Signore di Pisa.
2. Valentina Visconti.

". . . Giangaleazzo turned for softer consolation to Agnese Mantegazza, a Milanese lady on whom he bestowed many honours; a square in Pavia bore her name, and she owned the Castello of Sant' Angelo; when she travelled, she moved as a princes, 'with great company'. . . ." (Mesquita, 2011, p.40)

"...But Giangaleazzo turned for softer consolation to Agnese Mantegazza, a Milanese lady on whom he bestowed many honours; a square in Pavia bore her name, and she owned the Castello of Sant' Angelo; when she travelled, she moved as a princess, 'with great company.'..." (Bueno de Mesquita, p. 40)

"...[I]n 1397, Giangaleazzo Visconti conquered the city, and left it, on his death in 1402, to his mistress, Agnese Mantegazza, and to their son, Gabriello Maria Visconti. But Messer Gabriel Maria was not strong enough to keep Pisa single handed against his envious neighbours of Florence, Genoa, and Lucca; so on April 15, 1404, he agreed to hold the city as a fief of France." (Robinson, p. 340) [Gen1] [Ref1:Kleio]
Piero Pollaiuolo Portrait of Galeazzo Maria Sforza.jpg
Galeazzo Maria Sforza
5th Duke of Milan 1466

Husband of:
2. Bonne de Savoie (1449-1503), mar 1468, daughter of Louis de Savoie & Anne de Lusignan of Cyprus

His lovers were:
Piero del Pollaiuolo - Profile Portrait of a Young Lady - Gemäldegalerie Berlin - Google Art Project.jpg
Lucrezia Landriani

1) Lucrezia Landriani (1440-?).
"Caterina was born in MIlan in 1463, the illegitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, heir to the Duchy, and his mistress Lucrezia Landriani, who was married to one of his courtiers. He was the always-useful compliant husband, as Lucrezia and Galeazzo Sforza had at least four children together. Galeazzo was known to be a womaniser, and had had two wives plus several mistresses over the years, so he had several 'families' to provide for. He was known also to have a cruel streak and had made many enemies. He was reputed to take some pleasure in devising tortures for those who offended him." (Women of the Vatican: Female Power in a Male World)
Lucia Marliani

" . . . Invested with the title 'xountess of Melzo and Gorgonzola, Lucia was allowed to incorporate the biscione stemma of the Sforza and Visconti dynasties into her own insignia of two doves on an azure background. Lucia was granted large allowances, property both inside and outside Milan, expensive jewels and clothes, profitable jurisdictional exemptions and rights over collecting lucrative duties on bread, wine, salt and meat. Her husband, A,brogio Raverti, was given 4,000 ducats and the prestigious position of podesta of Como, and Lucia's sisters were provided with sizable dowries. Lucia and her heirs were protected by these charters, which the Duke repeatedly declared irrevocable against eventual claims brought by his legitimate children. As Gregory Lubki suggested, one document was a curse on anyone who might interfere with donations to Lucia. . . ." (Sex Acts in Early Modern Italy:"Practice, Performance, Perversion, Punishment")

"While Galeazzo enjoyed other mistresses and begat many bastards, Lucia, from an aristocratic family allied to the Sforza since Francesco's rise to power, was by far the best rewarded of Galeazzo's mistresses not only because of his love but also because of her family's nobility. Documents record an ongoing alliance between the Marliani and Sforza contracted by and involving women, and 'exclusive sexual rights' were granted to Galeazzo Maria not only by Lucia's husband but also by her mother. Her mother's involvement, together with the financial advantage enjoyed by all three daughters, demonstrates the opportunity for women of the upper class to make use of their dynastic sexual capital to their advantage: women are here both agents and objects. These documents employ amorous language and were witnessed by members of important Milanese and nothern Italian dynasties. The relationship between Galeazzo Maria Sforza and Lucia Marliani, then, provided sexual pleasure, economic reward and mutually beneficial multilineal bonds beyond those of marriage, expanding each dynasty's network of courtly alliances through an emphatically public and erotic celebration of extramarital love." (Sex Acts in Early Modern Italy:"Practice, Performance, Perversion, Punishment")
Pala Sforzesca - detail 01.jpg
Ludovico Maria Sforza
Duke of Milan

Husband of: Beatrice d'Este di Ferrara (1475-1497), mar 1490, daughter of Ercole I d'Esta di Ferrara & Leonora di Napoli.

His lovers were:
1) Bernardina de Corradis.

2) Cecilia Gallerani (1473-1536)

Wife of Lodovico Carminati de' Brambilla

"Having caught Ludovico Sforza's eye, Cecilia Gallerani was painted circa 1490 by Leonardo da Vinci (possibly more than once) and celebrated by the poet Bernardo Bellincioni. Favors were soon showered upon the Gallerani, a noble family long loyal to the Sofrza. Sigerio Gallerani, Cecilia's eldest brother, was cleared of murder charges thanks to Ludovico Sforza's personal intervention, and other male relatives were granted clerical offices and were able to regain lands confiscated after the recent death of their father Fazio. Indicating the significance of mistresses as providers of additional heirs, Cecilia was rewarded with jurisdictional and economic rights to Soronno two weeks after giving birth to Ludovico's first son, Cesare. Evelyn Welch has underlined the political and dynastic importance of this birth for Ludovico, arguing that he 'finalized his authority over the Castello Sforzesco by displaying Cecilia and his new heir in a room significantly located adjacent to the castle's treasury. Cecilia's eventual marriage to Count Ludovico Bergamino and Ludovico Sforza's subsequent gift of the Palazzo Carmagnola to Cesare and Cecilia suggest that offering sexual and reproductive favors were concrete ways in which mistresses could increase their own security and the prestige, power and wealth of their family." (Sex Acts in Early Modern Italy: "Practice, Performance, Perversion, Punishment")

3) Lucrezia Crivelli.

Bernabo I Visconti di Milano.

" . . . Bernabo Visconti of Milan flourished in the middle of the fourteenth century and was the happy father of many children, both legitimate and illegitimate; one of his mistresses kept a court of her own, frequented by poers, musicians and singers, and interchanged presents with reigning princes. By another favourite mistress he had a daughter whom he named Bernarda. When she was little more than a child, he gave her hand, for political reasons, to Giovanni Suardi Cavaliere, the head of a distinguished Ghibelline family of Bergamo. The bride was a short, fat girl with reddish hair, a turned-up nose and a lively disposition. She made many pleasing visits to her father, who was extremely partial to her, perhaps because she bore a striking resemblance to her mother, both in looks and disposition. Now, it was whispered to Bernabo that Bernarda, when she visited Milan, was in the habot of admitting a lover to her bed-chamber. Such an outrage on a political alliance could not be tolerated. The truth of the allegation was proved, a charge of robbery was trumped up against the unfotunate inammorato, one Antoniolo Zotta, and he was whisked off to prison and thence taken to the gallows, seated on an ass, by way of added indignity. Bernarda was sent to a fortress and shut up with Andriola Visconti, the daughter of Matteo Visconti, Abbess of the Monasterio Maggiore, who has already been mentioned, and who was also under a charge of incontinence. By the virtuous despot's orders, both were put on a diet of bread and water; he had the warrant of the statutes of 1351 for his act; he meant both women to die of starvation and was much chagrined to find that his daughter held out so long.

His lovers were:
1) Beltameda Cassa

2) Beltramola Grassi

3) Caterina di Cremona

4) Donnina Porro

5) Giovannina di Montebretto

6) Margherita Infrascati

7) Montanina de Lazzari.


Farnese of Parma--

Farnese Dynasty.
Alessandro I Farnese
Duca di Parma
3rd Duke of Parma 1586
3rd Duke of Piacenza 1586
4th Duke of Castro 1586 
Governor of the Spanish Netherlands 1578.
Bottega di Anthonis Mor - Ritratto di Maria di Portogallo.jpg
Maria de Portugal
by Antonis Mor, 1550

Husband of:
Maria de Portugal (1538-1577) mar 1565

Daughter of: Manuel I de Portugal & Isabel de Braganza.

His lovers were:

Natural offspring:
a. Isabella Margherita Farnese (1578-1610)
b. Franchina de Croy.


Alessandro Farnese (1635-1689).
Italian military leader.
Prince of Parma
Governor of the Spanish Netherlands 1678.
Viceroy of Catalonia.
Viceroy of Navarre.
General of Venice.

Son ofOdoardo Farnese, Duca di Parma & Margherita de' Medici.

His lover was:

Natural offspring:
a. Alessandro Odoardo Farnese (1663-1666)
b. Alessandro Maria Farnese (1664-1726)
c. Margherita Farnese (1665-1718)
d. Isabelle Farnese (1666-1741)

Son ofAlessandro Farnese & Maria of Portugal.

Husband ofMargherita Aldobrandini, daughter of Giovanni Francesco Aldobrandini, Principe di Carpineto & Olimpia Aldobrandini, Princepessa Campinelli. married 1600.

Ranuccio's personal & family background.
" . . . The first Farnese duke, Pier Luigi, was the legitimized bastard of Pope Paul III, and his son and heir, Duke Ottavio married Emperor Charles V's bastard daughter, Margherita of Austria. The Farnese were interlopers in Parma and Piacenza, never quite legitimate in the eyes of their subjects. Nobles in Parma were heard to grumble that these Farnese bastards were not the descendants of ancient and illustrious lineages like their own. Duke Ranuccio had been ruling the Farnese duchy for 20 years and had been married for over ten, but still lacked a son and legitimate heir. Duchess Margherita Aldobrandini finally bore him a son in 1610, baptized Alessandro, but the parents quickly discovered that he was deaf, mute and incapable of inheriting the throne. On 28 April 1612, with the birth of a second son, Odoardo, three weeks before the bloody executions in the city square, did Ranuccio had a possible alternate heir. Still, for some years afterwards, wirthy friars subjected poor Alessandro to exorcism and other trying ceremonies intent on casting off his affliction." (The Hero of Italy: 8)

His lover was:
Claudia Colla.

"This spectacular and noisy event, which provoked criticism from many quarters in Italy, drew much of its context from the dynastic weakness of the House of Farnese. Ranuccio had married a papal niece, Margherita Aldobrandini, in 1600, but she had not borne an heir to the throne. The duke sired a bastard boy, Ottavio, who he legitimized shortly afterwards, by the daughter of a judicial official. In the absence of legitimate heirs Ottavio was groomed for succession, but it was unlikely that the Pope would have consented to such a thing; he would probably use this as a pretext to extinguish the principality and reincorporate it into the Papal States governed from Rome. Pope Clement VIII Aldobrandini had ejected the Este dynasty from Ferrara and occupied the city in 1598 for that very reason. . . ." (The Hero of Italy: 8)

Naples & Sicily--

Guglielmo I.jpg
William I of Sicily
Re di Sicilia

Husband of Margarita de Navarra (1135-1183) mar , daughter of Garcia Ramirez de Navarra & Marguerite de l'Aigle.

Federigo III di Sicilia
King of Sicily

Regent of Sicily 1291-1295
King of Trinacria 1302.

Son of: Pedro III de Aragon & Costanza di Sicilia.

Husband of: Eleonore d'Anjou (1289-1341) mar 1302

His lovers were:
1) Sibilla di Sormella (1273-?)
Lover in 1291?-1302.
Catalan aristocrat.

daughter of Siro di Solimelia & Ilagio di Santa Sofia

Natural offspring:
a. Alfonso Federico di Sicilia (c1294-1334/39). Conte di Malta e Gozzo; Signore di Salona; Regent of Duchy of Athens & Neopatria; Husband of: Marulla of Aegina, Lady of Aegina, etc. married , daughter of: Bonifacio da Verona, Signore di Negroponte.

b. Orlando di Sicilia (1296-1361), Barone di Avola

c. Elisabetta di Sicilia (1297-1341) married Ponzio VI di Empuries; Raimondo di Perralta, Conte di Caltabellotta

d. Eleonora di Sicilia (1298-?) married Giovanni di Chiaramonte, Conte di Modica

e. Sancho di Sicilia (1300-1334), Barone di Militello married Macalda Palizzi, Signora di Cammarata.

Federigo III di Sicilia
King of Sicily 1355
Duke of Athens & Neopatras

Son of:

Husband of:
1. Constanza de Aragon (1340-1363) mar1361
2. Antonia del Balzo (1355-1374) mar 1372

His lover was:
Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Guglielmo de Aragon (d.1380), Conte di Gozzo e Malta.
Andrea guacialotti, medaglia di alfonso d'aragona, duca di calabria, 1481.JPG
Alfonso II of Naples
Re di Napoli

His lover was:
Trogia Gazzela (1460-1511)

Daughter of Antonio, Nobiluomo di Gaeta & Orsina Carafa, Nobile Donna dei Signori di Castelluccio

Wife of 1. Antonio Carbone, Nobile Patrizio Napoletano & 2. Cesare Gesualdo di Capua, mar 1495

Natural Offspring:
a. Sancha de Aragon (1478-?)
b. Alfonso de Aragon (1481-?), Principe di Salerno, Duca di Bisceglio; Principi di Salerno

Principe di Capua

Son of: Francesco I delle Due Sicilie & Maria Isabel de Espana.

Husband of: Penelope Smyth, Contessa di Mascali (1815-1882), mar 1836.

" . . . On the 5th April 1836, he married an Irish lady, Penelope Caroline, daughter of Grace Smyth, Esq., of Ballynatray, co. Waterford, (born July 19, 1815), which gave great offense to his brother, who banished him from the Court, and sequestered his appanage. The Prince has since lived an unsettled life, in France, England, Belgium, but more particularly in Malta, where he courted the acquaintance of the Italian malcontents, and made warm professions of Liberal opinions. Since the expulsion of his nephew Francis II from Naples, the Prince has resided much at Turin, being engaged in soliciting the restoration of his patrimony from King Victor Emmanuel and the Italian Parliament. He has left issue a son, Francesco, Count of Mascali, born March 24, 1857; and a daughter, Vittoria, born May 15, 1838)." (The Gentleman's Magazine: 780

"During the winter of 1835 the Prince of Capua fell in love with Penelope Smyth, daughter of Grice Smyth of Ballynatray, Co. Waterford, Ireland, a beautiful Irish woman visiting Naples. Ferdinand II forbade their union as it would be a morganatic marriage. On 12 January 1836 the couple eloped. Ferdinand II forfeited his brother's income, denounced Charles' departure as illegal and tried to prevent the marriage." (Wikipedia)

" . . In his youth, the Prince of Capua displayed a restless behavior and a weakness for pretty women. . . ." (Wikipedia)
Ferdinand I of Naples
Re di Napoli

Son of: Alfonso V of Aragon & Giraldona Carino.

Husband of:
1. Isabella de Clermont, Signora di Taranto (1424-1465), mar 1444, daughter of Tristan de Clermont, Conte di Copertino & Caterina del Balzo Orsini
2. Juana de Aragon (1454-1517), mar 1476, daughter of Juan II de Aragon & Juana Enriquez de Córdoba
File:SOAOTO - Folio 074R.jpg
Ferdinand I of Naples
His lovers were:
1) Diana Guardato (1425-?)

Natural offspring:
b. Maria d'Aragona (1440-1460) mar 1458 Antonio Todeschini Piccolomini, 1st Duca di Amalfi (1437-1493) 
c. Giovanna d'Aragona

2) Eulalia Ravignano.

Natural offspring:
a. Maria d'Aragona

3) Giovanna Caracciolo.

Natural offspring:
a. Fernando d'Aragona, Conte d'Arsena
b. Enrico d'Aragona (d.1478), Marchese de Gerace
c. Cesare d'Aragona (d.1501), Marchese de Santa Agata
d. Leonor d'Aragona
e. Alonso d'Aragona (d.1510)
f. Lucrezia d'Aragona
Ferdinand II of Naples
King of Naples

Husband of Giovanna di Napoli (1478-1418), mar 1496, daughter of Ferdinando I di Napoli & Juana de Aragon.

Ferdinando IV di Napoli.

His lover was:

Metternich's "...first wife died in 1825; and shortly after, the prince married a second time. The bride was Antonia von Leykam, daughter of a younger son of a family of postal upstarts, who had risen in the service of Prince Taxis. Her mother was a woman of very bad character, a singer and opera dancer named Bretella. She had been for some time the mistress of the Lazzaroni king Ferdinand IV of Naples; after which she married Baron Ambrosius Leykam. Antonia, the second daughter of this couple was born in 1806; and her delicate beauty was universally acknowledged and admired. The marriage created an immense sensation in the high world of Vienna...." (Vehse, p. 434)

[Ref2:Greek Reporter]

Filippo di Taranto (1278-1332).

Prince of Tarento; Despot of Romania; Lord of Durazzo; Prince of Achaia; Emperor of Constantinople 1313.

Son of: Carlo II di Napoli & Maria of Hungary.

Husband of:
1. Thamar Komnene Dukaina, Despota of Epirus (1277-1309)
mar 1294, div 1309

2. Catherine II de Valois (1303-1346), mar 1313
Titular Empress of Constantinople; Princess of Achaia.

His lover was:

Unnamed mistress.
Natural offspring:

King of Naples & Sicily
King of Spain

His lovers were:
1) Annette Savage (1800-1865)

Daughter of: John Savage of Philadelphia, USA & Margaret Larkey.

Wife of:
1. Charles Joseph Gellhand Delafolie
2. Henry Horr.

" . . . Sometime in 1839 when Joseph Bonaparte took a trip back to England, he provided a home for his American 'wife' (Annette Savage who later married Joseph de la Foille and after he died she married Harry Horr, at which point they moved to New York City) and daughter by building a home on a bend of the Indian River between Evans Mills and Philadelphia. Later Julie, a daughter by this marriage, married a local." (Jefferson County)

"Since Bonaparte's wife did not accompany him to America (he did not see her for 25 years after he left), another frequent guest at the house was his mistress, Annette Savage. Bonaparte had met Annette, the 18-year-old, French-speaking daughter of distinguished Virginia merchants, while he was shopping for suspenders at her mother's shop in Philadelphia. During their time together, Bonaparte and Annette would have two daughters, Caroline Charlotte and Pauline Josephe Anne." ('s Brother) (Soniak, 2011)

" . . . Joseph Bonaparte, former king of Spain, lived in nearby Bordentown in 1816. He kept a beautiful Quaker mistress, Annette Savage, in a mansion ib Lalor Street in Trenton, while his wife, the former queen, lived far away in Spain. Annette was shunned by society in Trenton, and had a rather lonely existence. Her life became even more unbearable after her daughter Pauline died. Shortly after Pauline's burial at St. Michael's, Joseph Bonaparte tool Annette and their other daughter, Charlotte, to upstate New York, where he had a house built for his mistress near Watertown. Bonaparte eventually returned to his wife in Spain, and Annette married a young Frenchman. The relationship of Annette Savage and Joseph Bonaparte later was recognized when Charlotte was presented in court to Napoleon III." (Old Burial Grounds of New Jersey: A Guide: 116) [Fam1] [Fam2] [Pix1] [Ref1]

2) Elisabeth Dozolle.

3) Emilie Hemart (1798-1879)

Daughter of: Claude-Nicolas-Louis Hemart & Amelie-Francoise Doberseq
Wife of:
1. Felix Lacoste (1795-1853), mar 1819
2. Louis Edmond Anthoine.
Natural offspring:
Felix-Joseph Lacoste (1825-1922)

Emilie Hemart's other lovers were:
Prosper Merimee (1803-1870)

4) Maria del Pilar Acedo, Marquesa de Montehermoso (1784-1869)

5) Maria Giulia Colonna, Contessa di Stigliano, Duchesa d'Atri (1783-1867)

Wife of: Giangirolamo Acquaviva d'Aragona, 23rd Duca d'Atri (1786-?) (married in 1804)

"...The French charge d'affaires, D'Aubusson de la Feuillette, later reported to Paris in scandalized terms that Joseph's lover, Maria Giulia Colonna, Duchess of Atri---who bore him two children---had been given a gift of 5,000 ducats..." (Davis, 2006, p. 144) [Fam1:Geneall] [Fam1:Roglo]

6) Teresa de Montalvo, Condesa de Jaruco:

"...Pignatelli soon discovered that Roederer had left no accounts, and that before leaving for Madrid Joseph had made generous settlements in favour of his ministers, favourites, and mistresses. The French charge d'affaires, D'Aubusson de la Feuillette, later reported to Paris in scandalized terms that Joseph's lover, Maria Giulia Colonna, Duchess of Atri -- who bore him two children -- had been given a gift of 5,000 ducats...." (Davis, 2006, p. 144)

"An interesting story is behind this lonely monument: Pauline Joseph Ann Holton was Napoleon Bonaparte's niece. His brother, Joseph Bonaparte, former king of Spain, lived in nearby Bordentown in 1816. He kept a beautiful Quaker mistress, Annette Savage, in a mansion on Lalor Street in Trenton, while his wife, the former queen, lived far away in Spain. Annette was shunned by society in Trenton, and had a rather lonely existence. Her life became even more unbearable after her daughter Pauline died. Shortly after Pauline's burial at St. Michael's, Joseph Bonaparte took Annette and their other daughter, Charlotte, to upstate New York, where he had a house built for his mistress near Watertown. Bonaparte eventually returned home to his wife in Spain, and Annette married a young Frenchman. The relationship of Annette Savage and Joseph Bonaparte later was recognized when Charlotte was presented in court to Napoleon III." (Sarapin, 1994, p. 116) [Fam1:Geneall][Ref1:313] [Ref2] [Ref3] [Ref4]


King of Naples 1386-1 414; King of Hungary 1403; Duke of Calabria 1381; King of Jerusalem; King of Sicily; Count of Provence; Count of Forcalquier; Prince of Taranto

Son of: Carlo III di Napoli & Margherita di Durazzo.

Husband of:
1. Costanza di Chiaramonte, mar 1390, div 1392, daughter of Manfredi III di Chiaramonte.
2. Marie de Lusignan (1381-1404) mar 1403, daughter of Jacques I of Cyprus
3. Marie d'Enghien. (1367-1446), Contessa di Lecce, mar 1406., daughter of
Jean d'Enghien

Ladislao I di Napoli.

His lover was:
Daughter of a doctor of Perugia.

Natural offspring:
1. Rinaldo di Durazzo, Titular Prince of Capua, Married & with descendants
2. Maria di Durazzo

"About a hundred years later we find a curious tale dealing with the death of King Ladislao...of Naples. He aspired to absolute rule of Italy, but, according to one version, was mysteriously poisoned by a trick of the Florentines in 1414. The story goes that they bribed a certain unscrupulous doctor of Perugia, whose beautiful daughter was the mistress of Ladislao. The unnatural father persuaded the girl that if she wanted to be loved exclusively and unceasingly by her royal lover she must secretly rub herself with a certain ointment which he himself had prepared for her. The deluded girl believed him and did his bidding, used the ointment, which was composed chiefly of the juice of aconite (monk's-hood), and both she and the king lost their lives." (Mosley, 1980, p. 67)

Luigi di Sicilia (d.1355)

King of Sicily 1337
Son of Pietro II di Sicilia & Elisabeth von Karntern.
Natural offspring:
1. Antonio de Aragon
2. Luigi de Aragon (d.1374), Barone di Tripi.
Louis of Taranto.jpg
Luigi of Taranto
King of Naples
King of Sicily
Prince of Taranto

Son of: Filippo di Tarento & Catherine II de Valois.

Husband of: Giovanna I di Napoli.

His lover was:
Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
1. Esclabonde married Luigi di Capua, Conte di Altavilla
2. Clemenzia married  Antoine, Seigneur de La Mendolee.

Marti I di Sicilia.

His lover was:
Tarsia Rizzani.

Lover of: Roberto Orsini, 4th Conte di Nola (1360-1400).

"...Marti the Young did have two surviving illegitimate children, Fadrique and Violant, the result of liaisons with the Sicilian ladies, Tarsia Rizzani and Agatuzza de Pesci. In 1403, Marti I conveyed these two children to the Crown, where they were put in Maria's care and she took the role of educator and grandmother--legitimate or not, they represented the future of her line." (Earenfight, p. 88) [Gen1:GenMareNostrum]

Renato I di Napoli (1409-1480)
King of Naples 1435; Duc d'Anjou 1434; Duc de Bar ; Duca di Calabria; Duc de Lorraine 1431; Comte de Provence 1434; Comte de Piedmont 1430; Comte de Guise

Son of: Louis II d'Anjou & Violante de Aragon.

Husband of:
1. Isabelle de Lorraine (d.1453), daughter of Charles II de Lorraine & Margarethe von Bayern, married 1420

2. Jeanne de Laval, daughter of Guy XIV de Laval, married in 1454.

His lover was:
Catherine d'Albertas.

Natural Offspring:
a. Jeanne-Blanche d'Anjou.
2. Magdeleine d'Anjou.

References: [Bio2:Trionfi] [Bio3:Craigsweb] [Bio4:Quintessential Publications] [Fam1:Dinastias] [Ref1:Lost Saints] [] [Ref3:Guice]

King of Naples
King of Jerusalem, 1309
Count of Provence

His lover was:
Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Fiammetta married Andrea Thopia, Lord of Matija.

Guillaume I de Hauteville.

Husband of:
Margarita de Navarra (mar 1150)

His lover was:
Unknown mistress