Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Netherlands Kings----

Willem I of the Netherlands

King of the Netherlands & 
Grand Duke of Luxemburg

Son ofWillem V van OranjeStadtholder of Dutch Republic Wilhelmine von Preussen.

Husband of:
1. Wilhelmine von Preussen (1774-1837)

Countess of Nassau.

"Henriette d'Oultremont did not belong to the ladies of the battle of Madame de Pompadour or other mistresses with a debauched lifestyle. She was an honest and deeply religious woman who fitted with the court life of King William I in Brussels and The Hague, which went on for the dullest of Europe. Spurred on by family and politics, and laughed at by press and public opinion, William I and his second wife, a Catholic countess from the newly-torn Belgium, found comfort and love together until death separated them. Pure passion and romance so ... The marriage proposal, in May 1839, came totally unexpected. Willem was 67 years and widowed for less than two years; she was 47 years old, unmarried and already 22 years old lady-in-waiting. According to the prevailing standards, it was not known as a beauty; she was tall and thin. She did enjoy the sympathy of everyone because of her 'cheerful character, grace and tactful appearance'. She was sharp-minded, eloquent, full of temperament and esprit. And not without ambitions, some thought. Henriette d'Oultremont was also Catholic, not princely and from the newly independent Belgium, the three main objections to a possible marriage. The latter reproach was partly unjustified. Henriette was born in 1792 in Maastricht, more specifically in a house that belonged to the Servaasgasthuis near the Vrijthof. Her mother was a daughter of Admiral Hartsinck. The counted family d'Oultremont played a leading role in the prince bishopric of Liège and had integrated into the Northern Dutch elite. Her father fought with the Dutch guards against the French revolutionaries; her two brothers brought it to chamberlain of Willem I and Prince Frederick, respectively." (Geschiedenis)
Artwork by German School, 19th Century, Two portraits of the sisters von der Goltz: a.) Henriette Wilhelmina von Bergh, born Freiin von der Golz (1772-1803); b.) Julie Freiin von der Golz, The Queen's Lady of the Bedchamber in (...) 1780-1841, Made of pastel on paper
Julie von der Goltz
His lovers were:
1) Julie von der Goltz (1780-1841)
Lady in Waiting to the Queen

Daughter ofKarl Franz von der Goltz & Henriette Wilhelmine Barmann.

Natural offspring:
1. Wilhelmine Marie von Dietz (1807-?)
2. Wilhelm Ernst Ruprecht von Dietz (1809-?)
3. Wilhelm Friedrich Timotheus von Dietz (1810-?)
4. Wilhelmine Marie von Dietz (1812-1836) mar 1829 Karl von Jasmund (1806-1859)

Personal & family background.
"The father of Julie von der Goltz came from an old noble family whose members for centuries as an officer served the Electors of Brandenburg, respectively, the Kings of Prussia. The family owned large estates, including Heinrichsdorf. The father was an officer. He left for financial reasons ?? ?? the service and became a minor nephew, manager of Heinrichsdorf. When the cousin's estate later sold, bought father Von der Goltz, with the support of an inheritance, the estate Langhof. Soon he sold the estate and became an officer in the service of the Kingdom of Prussia. The family moved to Berlin. That family was born in 1780 Julie, second daughter. In 1804 passed both her father and her older sister Henriette Wilhelmine, and that same year married the younger sister Karoline Ernestine.Julie was left alone with her mother. She was employed as a maid of honor of the Queen of Prussia." (Feeling Keep: All Knowledge in One Place)

"She later became governess to Princess Pauline daughter of Crown Prince Frederick William of Orange-Nassau. Willem Frederik and his wife Wilhelmina ?? a sister of the Prussian King ?? and their children were staying at the time in Berlin. Toen approached Napoleon's armies Berlin, Wilhelmina and left the children and Julie von der Goltz towards Konigsberg. Pauline died en route. Julie stayed with the royal family and was afterwards honor of Mimi." (FeelingKeep: All Knowledge in One Place)

2. Maria Dorothea Hoffman.
Lover in 1807-1812.
Willem I of the Netherlands
J. Koch writes in his book on King William I that, in the period between the autumn of 1807 and the summer of 1812, as crown prince of Orange four times became a father of children who were conceived by a woman in the baptismal register ' Maria Dorothea Hoffman ?? is called. The oldest of the children, Wilhelmine Marie, was born on October 1, 1807. This was followed in 1809 respectively in 1810, two sons and a daughter in 1812. That second daughter was called again Wilhelmine Marie ?? suggesting that the eldest daughter was now deceased. The children were baptized in the Reformed Church in Berlin; in the baptismal register of the church they are registered as children of Wilhelm Friedrich von Dietz and Maria Dorothea Hoffmann. They were given the surname von Dietz. That was one of the titles that William Frederick had inherited from his father. At baptism performed among others two brothers of the Prussian King and William Frederick aide, Robert Fagel, as a witness. Koch therefore no doubt that these Friedrich Wilhelm von Dietz was actually Crown Prince Frederick William of Orange-Nassau. This is partly based on the account of the baptism of the first child, Robert Fagel subsequently made to the mother of William Frederick, the widow of William V, Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia." (FeelingKeep: All Knowledge in One Place)
William II (1792-1849), King of Holland, when Prince of Orange
William II of the Netherlands
@Royal Collection Trust

King of the Netherlands
Grand Duke of Luxemburg
& Duke of Limburg
Willem II & his family
"William II’s love life was quite controversial. He was said to be involved with numerous women. And men. His first engagement failed courtesy of long-distance relationship challenges- William II got engaged to Princess Charlotte of Wales in 1814, but this was broken off due to the Princess’ mother disapproval, as well as Charlotte’s reluctance to relocate to the Netherlands." (5 Famous Dutch Kings @Discover Walks)

His lovers were:
1) Dorothea van Dijck.
2) Keetje van Raamsdonk.
3) Marianne von Evers van Aldenriel.
4) Susanna Diehl.

Natural offspring:
"Willem Joseph Andries Jonckbloet was born in The Hague on 6 July 1817. His birth certificate names his parents as Johannes Jonckbloet and Susanna Diehl, both of whom were in service at the Royal Court. However, as Wim Gerritsen has argued, there are strong indications that he was actually the illegitimate son of King Willem I: either way, he was a young man of remarkable talents who acquired his doctorate at the age of 23 and enjoyed government support for his work on the editio princeps of Le Chevalier de la Charette ou Lancelot [The Knight of the Cart or Lancelot]. . . ." (Martin. Travel Writing in Dutch and German, 1790-1930: Modernity, Regionality, Mobility: 184)
Willem III of the Netherlands
King of the Netherlands
Grand Duke of Luxemburg
& Duke of Limburg

Willem III's physical appearance & personal qualities.
"The King was a man of immense stature and with a boisterous voice. He could be gentle and kind, then suddenly he could become intimidating and even violent. He kicked and hit his servants about. He was inclined to terrorize and humiliate his courtiers. The King was cruel to animals as well. His ministers were afraid of him. Most people around him agreed that he was, to some degree, insane. The King could be erratic, he ordered the dismissal and even the arrest and execution of those that he found in lack of respect, including a Mayor of The Hague. . . ." (Amazing Holland)

Husband of:
1. Sophie von Wurttembergmar 1839-1877.
 "That William III should have combined so many peculiar traits, prompting every species of vagary, is principally due to his ancestry on the maternal side. His mother was a daughter of the Emperor Paul of Russia, one of the most dissolute monarchs in Europe. The Dutch king’s waywardness antedates his accession to the throne in 1849, for it is current talk among the Dutch that when the prime minister, after William II’s death, went in search of the new sovereign, then absent abroad, he found him after much difficulty traveling incognito with a French singer among the Highlands of Scotland. His married life, at least that portion of it which he passed with his first wife, a daughter of the king of Wurttemberg, was not a happy one to either husband or wife. The latter was an amiable and gifted woman, but too much of  a blue stocking to suit her pleasure loving lord. She gave up trying to reform him and sought consolation in the society of artists and men and women of letters.  Her friendship for John Lathrop Motley, American minister at The Hague and author of the “Rise and Fall of the Dutch Republic,” was one of the rays of sunshine in the life of that great writer." (Mrs Daffodil Digresses)

2. Emma von Waldeck und Pyrmontmar 1879.
"It is the poverty of the family that has been accountable for some of the strange marriages of the princesses, notably that of Princess Emma, when 21 years of age, to the wicked, repulsive looking and frightfully dissipated old King William III of the Netherlands, who was 63 but who looked at least ten years older. Her married life was not happy, owing to his frightful irascibility, and her situation was rendered absolutely intolerable, when, a year before his actual demise, he fell into a cataleptic trance, was proclaimed dead and then came to life again, with all his wits about him, to find that she had donned widow’s weeds and had assumed the reins of government as regent. Kansas City [MO] Star 20 October 1918: p. 1." (Mrs Daffodil Digresses)

"Queen Wilhelmina’s mother was married at twenty to a brutal, selfish old widower, King William III of the Netherlands. People said that later, when she went every day to pray over his coffin, she did so to convince herself that he was really dead. Yet—so history repeats itself—Queen Emma married off Wilhelmina in her teens to a cold young man of indifferent reputation. Evening Star [Washington, DC] 31 December 1916: p. 26." (Mrs Daffodil Digresses)

King preferred operatic singers.
" . . . The King's most costly mania was for operatic singers. He began by falling furiously in love with Malibran, when a mere lad, and wanted to follow her round the world. Hence his intimacy with De Bariot. He created a conservatoire, which he kept up himself. It was in some respects a Turkish institution. Mdme. Musard first came under his notice as an applicant for admission there. She was then a Miss Cook. Eventually the King quarreled with her for trying to make the peace between him and the Prince of Orange. Father and son hated each other, and the son took pleasure in exciting the jealousy of the father. William had a sudden and irascible temper. His first wife, being sarcastic and fond of teasing, incurred his hatred before they were long married. Emilie Ambre, the last favourite, was an Algerian Jewess. A bower was fitted up for her at Meudon, when the King thought of marrying a second time. But, as she wanted to reside at the Hague, she resented being sent to live in a dull suburb of Paris, and gave endless trouble. She aired her grievances in all kinds of ways, and then suddenly subsided. . . ." (Truth, Vol 28: 1102)

His lovers were:
1) Aaltje de Leeuw (1829-1880)

Daughter ofJan de Leeuw & Duifje van Hooren.

Wife ofJacob Rampen (1827-1896), mar 1851.

2) Amelia Veronica van Appel.

3) Charlotte de Muynck.

4) Cora Pearl.

French courtesan.

5) De Bariot.

6) Elisabeth Cookson.

French courtesan.

7) Emilie Ambre.

Algerian Jewess.

"Emilia Ambre, whose artistic successes on the lyric stage in this country as well as abroad must still be fresh in the memory of many of us, was another of the king’s favorites. It is true that she held the sway for a short time only. The Dutch, who saw more of her than of Mme. Musard, dubbed her “the king’s tulip.” An exceedingly vain woman, she managed to secure from his majesty the title of the Countess D’Amboise, with a coat of arms thrown in, to which she added the motto, “Fiat voluntas mea.” Her arrogance became so unbearable that the king decided to rid himself of her and as she would not leave the kingdom voluntarily, he caused her to be escorted to the frontier by a couple of police agents. A short while after she returned to The Hague and attempted to approach the royal presence, but being recognized on the “Plein” by the afternoon promenaders, was mercilessly mobbed and constrained to leave once more the scene of her former conquests. About five years ago Mme. Ambre published a novel entitled “ Une Diva,” in which, under a thin disguise, she disclosed some of the details of her relationship with the king of Holland." (Mrs Daffodil Digresses)

8) Gerritje te Hope.

9) Hendrica Maria Bohnenkamp (1814-1855)

Daughter ofJan Hendrik Bohnenkamp & Antje Stol.

10Julie-Marie Barre (1822-1887)

Daughter ofJan Daniel Barre & Christina van Haeften.

Wife ofLeopold van Limburg-Stirrum (1818-1900)

Natural offspring:
a. Anna Mathilda van Limburg-Stirrum (1854-1932)

11) Lena van Staalduinene.

12) Louise Rouvroy.

13) Madame Musard.

The king in the meanwhile was pursuing the uneven tenor of his wayward course and although his duties kept him oftentimes among his stolid and industrious subjects, he seldom missed the opportunity to secretly visit the gay French capital on the sly. A free spender, he was ever welcome in the monde galant and the female members of the leading theaters vied with each other to secure his royal favor. Soon he showed marked interest in an American woman named Eliza Musard, the wife of an orchestra leader whose concerts in the Champs Elysee daily brought to her what is fittingly called the tout Paris. Suddenly the concerts ceased and the leader was seen driving around alone in swell equipages. No secret remains a secret long when the curiosity of Paris is aroused and presently it began to be bruited about that Musard’s wife had found a rich admirer—no less a personage, in fact, than his majesty the king of the Netherlands. The Musards after that led a truly regal existence. One new turnout followed another and handsome stables were constructed beside their newly acquired mansion on the Avenue d’Jena. They also acquired the chateau of Viltequier on the banks of the Seine, and in visiting it used a luxurious railway carriage which had formerly belonged to the Duc du Morny. Then when the dethroned Duke of Tuscany put up his villa on Lake Como for sale, the couple bought it and installed themselves there for the summer months, entertaining in the style worthy of a princely household. The meetings between the king and Mrs. Musard took place at first in Paris, but he soon arranged to have her conducted to his home. A charming little hunting box, near the chateau “In den Bosch,” situated in the heart of the handsome forest adjoining The Hague, was selected for her and when within a mile of the capitol Mme. Musard was picked up by a mail coach and taken thither. All her visits to the hunting box were arranged in secret manner, so were her departures, on which occasions she was pretty sure to take with her a souvenir in the form of a satchel full of trinkets. These little Dutch trips were occasionally relieved by a journey to Switzerland or the north of Italy and were naturally carried out in the strictest incognito. This lasted for several years and curiously enough ended in the king’s being told that he was not wanted any further, Mme. Musard having finally saved up enough to be able to dispense with him altogether. Her dream was to retire with her husband, to whom she was still attached , and live happily and tranquilly to the end of her days. Fate willed otherwise and before attaining the age of 50 Mme. Musard died, blind and insane in a public lunatic asylum." (Mrs Daffodil Digresses)

14) Malibran.

15) Paulina Susanna Cornelis Hoynck van Papendrecht.

16) Wilhelmina de Baauw.

Willem of the Netherlands
Crown Prince of the Netherlands
Crown Prince of Luxembourg

"Of the two sons born of the royal union the elder proved himself possessed of his father’s traits by making Paris his home and leading the riotous existence of the gilded youth of that city. The nightly orgies of himself and his companions alternated between “Peters,” in the Passage des Princes, and the renowned Bignon’s. It was on one of these occasions, I believe, that the Duc de Grammont Caderousse, in arising to toast the Prince of Orange by which title the Dutch heir apparent was known, solemnly filled his glass and drank to the health of—Citron (lemon). Hereafter this nickname clung tenaciously to the prince so much so that one of his numerous editors in presenting his bill inadvertently addressed it to the “Prince of Lemons,” for which involuntary blunder he was promptly thrown out by the attendants. Poor Citron’s constitution was not that of his father and so he succumbed at the age of 30, leaving debts to the tune of several millions. His younger and rigidly virtuous brother followed him into the unknown not long after and thus robbed the moralists of an opportunity to dilate on the advantages of virtue over vice." (Mrs Daffodil DigressesA blog about costume, history, and social ephemera)

"Sophie and William’s eldest son was at his mother’s funeral in Delft, but it was a rare sighting of the Prince of Orange in the Netherlands. He spent most of his time in Paris, where he lived a debauched lifestyle. He had been denied marriage to Mathilde, Countess of Limburg-Stirum. . . ." (The Year of Queen Wilhelmina – The life of her father King William III @History of Royal Women)
Cora Pearl
His lovers were:
1) Cora Pearl (1835-1886)
French courtesan & royal mistress.

"  . . . And Cora Pearl (1835-1886) -- born Emma Elizabeth Crouch in Plymouth, England -- courted the likes of the son of King William III of the Netherlands and the half-brother of Napoleon III. . . ." (Gathering of the Clans: A Magnificent Epic of Seven Tragically Entangled Lives)

" . . . Her skill at riding helped her to stand out from the crowd, and gave her an avenue to attract a large number of additional lovers including Prince William of Orange, heir to the throne of the Netherlands (known in Paris as “the Lemon Prince” for his voluntary self-exile when his parents would not let him marry the girl he chose). . . ." (Cora Pearl, Patisian Courtesan

"Both the the King and the Crown Prince could often be found in the luxurious brothels of Paris, where they both shared the favours of the famous Cora Pearl. . . ." (Mad Monarchs)

" . . .Cora had a string of lovers including the Prince of Orange, the heir to the throne of the Netherlands, who gave her a string of black pearls with which she was often photographed. . . ." (Cora Pearl - English Beauty of the Second Empire @Scandalous Women)

2) Elisabeth Cookson.
French courtesan.

" . . . In 1860, 20-year-old Crown Prince Wiwill was the cause of a scandal when he became acquainted with the courtesan Elisabeth Cookson in France. Arriving in the Netherlands, she soon became the mistress of King Willem III. After a couple of months, the father was forced by public opinion to send her back to France, where she continued her relation with the son." (Mad Monarchs)
Henriette Hauser
French theatre actress & courtesan.

Daughter of: Moses Hauser & Fanny Hauser.

" . . . Manet's model was a well-known cocotte of the time, Henriette Hauser, mistress of the prince of Orange and a popular figure at Tortoni's cafe and on the boulevard. . . Although she has none of the sinister man-eating powers Zola attributes to his femme fatale,  she does project a kind of pert self-confidence and easy good humour.  She turns her back, in apparent indifference, on the top-hatted, cane-carrying man-about-town, who is relegated, as in Degas's monotypes, to the picture's margin.  Despite her being partly undressed, she seems neither vulnerable nor deliberately provocative.  The emphasis on her ample hips and rounded stomach strongly sexualizes her body, and the crane in the background may even be an allusion to her amorous availability (the French word for crane, grue, is also slang for 'prostitute'). . . ." (Figures of Ill Repute France: 231)

"Prince William then went into exile in Paris, where he threw himself into a life of sex, drinking and gambling. Henriette Hauser, his Parisian mistress, gave the Prince of Orange the pet name Lemon, something that led to him being known in the Parisian boulevard papers as the Prince of Lemon when they reported about his debauched and scandalous lifestyle. Prince William died at age 38 in his apartment in the Rue Auber, near the Paris Opera from a combination of typhus, liver complaints and total exhaustion. On 26 June 1879 his body was entombed in the royal crypt at the New Church of Delft. On his coffin there was a wreath from French Empress Eugénie and one from the British Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)." (William, Prince of Orange)

Prince Hendrik of the Netherlands.
His lovers were:
1. Wilhelmina Maria Wenneker
2. Elisabeth van Bork
3. Gertrude Duplessis
4. Alice Louise van Hemert

Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
1. Hélène Grinda

Orange Princes--

Willem I of Nassau
Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange

Also known as:
Prince Wilhelm of Orange 1545
William of Orange

Stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands 1559
2nd Prince of Orange
Count of Nassau-Orange
Count of Katzenelnbogen
Count of Vianden
Count of Dietz.

Son of Wilhelm von Nassau-Dillenburg & Julian zu Stolberg.
Anna van Egmont
Princess of Orange
Husband of:
1. Anna van Egmont (1533-1558), mar 1551, daughter of Maximiliaan van Egmont & Françoise de Lannoy.
Anna of Saxony
Princess of Orange
2. Anna von Sachsen (1544-1577), mar 1561, div 1574, daughter of Moritz von Sachsen & Agnes von Hessen
Charlotte of Bourbon
Princess of Orange
3. Charlotte de Bourbon (1547-1582), mar 1575, daughter of Louis II de Bourbon, Duc de Montpensier & Jacqueline de Longwy.
Louise de Coligny
Princess of Orange
4. Louise de Coligny (1555-1620), mar 1583, daughter of Gaspard II de Coligny, Comte de Coligny & Charlotte de Laval

" . . . William of Orange was separated from his wife, Anne of Saxony, who became the mistress of a gentleman known in correspondence of the house of Nassau as R-----. R's wife, to round the circle of adultery, was the paramour of Count Jean de Nassau, younger brother of William. The Prince of Orange himself was yet to be husband to an apostate nun, and finally son-in-law to Coligny. But Cardinal Chatillon and wife, as they were called in England, seemed models of conjugal felicity as they were met and entertained by one after another of the new Protestant nobility whose names are conspicuous in the annals of Freemasonry." (Philip II (1527-1598)

William's "other exercises".
"In addition to the Elincx affair, there are hints of other exploits. William was allegedly involved with a certain Barbara of Lier and a Mademoiselle de Maudrimont. In a letter, the prince also mentioned his excitement over upcoming adventures with a blonde after enjoying the favors of a brunette sometime in the middle of 1560. At the same time, Orange was engaged in deep talks with the Saxon court about marrying Anna." (Anna of Saxony: The Scarlet Lady of Orange)

His lovers were:
Lover in 1558.

"After passing the spring in deep mourning, the prince had tired of the single life by summer. Being a widower did not suit him well, William confessed to his brother John of Nassau, as he spent his time with a number of women. 'In those years,' Orange later admitted, 'I had nothing so much in my head as the play of arms, the chase, and other exercises suitable to young lords.' To his mother's distress, those 'other exercises' centered on a Flemish girl named Eva Elincx, a burgomaster's daughter from the city of Emmerich on the Rhine. To judge by her later conduct, William's paramour was no professional courtesan, but a pretty patrician's daughter. Eva hailed from a respectable family who chose to look the other way in view of her admirer's station in life. After giving birth to a son who was acknowledged and educated by his father under the name of Justin of Nassau, Eva gradually passed out of her lover's life, and out of history, as the respectable wife of a respectable burgher, the secretary Abraham Arondeaux. As for Justin, 'le petit Monseigneur,' he appears among the list of pages at his father's Dutch country estate and later gained fame as an admiral and governor of the city of Breda, his career unhampered by his illegitimacy." (Anna of Saxony: The Scarlet Lady of Orange)

Natural offspring:
a. Justin van Nassau (1559-1631), illegitimate son of William, Prince of Oragne and his mistress Eva Elincx. Appointed lieutenant admireal of Zaeeland, 28 February 1585, Governor of Breda, 1601-25, when he surrended the city to the Spanish after an eleven-month siege." (The Spanish Armada)

2) Barbara of Lier.

3) Mademoiselle de Maudrimont.
Maurits of Orange-Nassau
Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange

Also known as Maurits van Nassau.

Count of Nassau
Stathouder de Hollande 1585.

Son ofWillem I van Oranje-Nassau, Prince of Orange & Anna von Sachsen.

His lovers were:
1) Anna van de Kelder (d.1674)

Natural offspring:
a. Carel Maurits van Oranje-Nassau (d.1646)

"Prince Maurits had a long affair with Margaretha van Mechelen by whom he fathered his first three illegitimate children. However, army life was rough and lonely, resulting in several more illegitimate children.  Sadly, only the children of Margarethe van Mechelen were regarded almost as members of the family as it was expected Maurits would marry her.  His other illegitimate children were hardly aware of each other yet were not neglected. (Dinastias)

2) Cornelia Jacobsdochter.

Natural offspring:
a. Anna van Nassau (d.1673)

3) Deliana de Backer.

Natural offspring:
a. Eleonora van Oranje-Nassau (1620-1693/1703)
married Gerhard Bernhard, Freiherr von Pollnitz (1620-1676)

Also known as Joghen Arentsdochter van Alphen

Natural offspring:
a. Carel van Nassau (1612-1637)

5) Margarethe van Mechelen (1581-1662)

Also known as Margareta van Mechelen.

Natural offspring:
a. Willem van Nassau, Heer van de Lek (1601-1627)
b. Lodewijk van Nassau, Prins van Nassau, Seigneur de Beverweerd (1602-1665)
c. Maurits van Nassau (1604-1617)

" . . . Maurice, whose relationship to freule Margaretha of Mechelen had been emotionally a kind of marriage, but without the public and ceremonial aspects of formal wedded status, had not interfered with his brother's preference until he realized his own death was nearing; then he put his put down his foot. Frederick Henry, already forty-one years of age, must marry at once and assure the continuation of the family; else Maurice would legitimize his own children by his mistress. . . ." (Rowen: 59

" . . . Maurits never married, but did have three sons with Margaretha van Mechelen, a distant relative. The sons enjoyed a genteel education at the court, Margaretha owned a house in The Hague close to Maurits' quarters, and one at Rijswijk, close to Maurits' stud farm, but she was not part of his court. Maurits had also five children with five 'women for one night' who had a lower status. Unlike Margaretha's sons, they did not participate in Maurits' funeral in 1625. . . ." (Designing a New World: 151)
(Venema: 151) [Bio2:Historici] 

6) Ursula de Rijk.

Natural offspring:
a. Elisabeth van Nassau (1611-1679)
Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange-
Prince of Orange
Son of Willem I of Orange & Louise de Coligny
Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
Princess of Orange
Husband of Amalia von Solms-Braunfels (1602-1675)

His lovers were:
1) Amalia van Solms-BraunfelsPrincess of Orange (1603-1675), mar 1625, daughter of Johann Albrect I von Solms-Braunfels & Agnes von Sayn-Wittgenstein

" . . . Frederick Henry, already forty-one years of age, must marry at once and assure the continuation of the family; else Maurice would legitimize his own children by his mistress. Since this would deprive him of the heritage that would otherwise come to him, Frederick Henry knuckled under. He took as his bride his current mistress, the German-born Countess Amalia of Solms-Braunfels, a lady-in-waiting in the miniature court-in-exile of Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia. . . ." (Rowen: 59)

2. Margareta Katharina Bruyne.

Also known as Margarethe Catharina Bruyns

Natural offspring:
Willem II
Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange

Mary of England
Princess of Orange
Husband of Mary of England (1631-1660), mar 1641, daughter of Charles I of England & Henrietta Maria of France

His lovers were:
1) Johanna Silfvercrona.

". . . Henne de Bommert Sylvercroon, the stepdaughter of the Swedish envoy in The Hague, Pieter Spierinck . . . (was) not known for a virtuous life, had many love affairs, so the rumors (about paternity of her son) could well have been true." (Frey & Frey: 10)

"In 1687 Major-General Tassin de Torsay was a Huguenot soldier of enormous influence in the Netherlands, in part due to his family connection to William of Orange. His brother, Charles Tassin d'Alonne, was married to one Johanna Silfvercrona who bore a son in 1646; the boy was her love-child by William II, Prince of Orange. This child, Abel Tassin d'Alonne had a fine career as secretary to Queen Mary II and later as private secretary to William in England. Jean Rou, in his memoirs, speaks of de Torsay's 'nephew', d'Alonne, at some length and mentions a letter which he received from the Major-General, naming d'Alonne as his nephew. D'Alonne had no children, but when he died in 1723, he left wills in both England and Holland naming cousins of the Damin, Brunier, Joly, Silfvercrona, Van Cralingue, Willocquaus and de Guickery families. He also left money to establish schools for the instruction of 'young children of negro slaves' in the West Indies." (War, Religion and Service: Huguenot Soldiering, 1685–1713)

2Margarethe van de Merwede.

Natural Offspring:
a. Abel Tassin d'Alonne:

". . . Abel Tassin d'Alonne . . . acted as private secretary to Princess Mary from the very moment onwards that she came to live in The Hague after she married Stadholder William III; and he stayed so after her return in England until her demise in 1695.  It was generally believed that he was an illegitimate brother of the Stadholder-King but there is no conclusive proof of this.  There is little doubt, however, that he was a man of influence at the Dutch Court and that he was a confidant of the royal couple. . . . "  (Leeuw Bergstra, 2007, p. 343)


Dirk VI van Holland.

His lover was:
Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Robert (d. bef.1190) 

Floris V van Holland (1254-1296)
Count of Holland.

Son of: Willem II van Holland & Elisabeth von Braunschweig-Luneburg.

Husband of Beatrix de Dampierre.

His lovers were:
1) Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Witte van Haamstede (d.c1280)
b. Gerhard van Haamstede
c. Willem van Holland
d. Peter van Haamstede
e. Katharina van Haamstede.

2) Agatha N.

Natural offspring:
a. Willem von Haamstede
b. Alida von Haamstede
3. Dirk von Haamstede

Willem II van Holland.

His lover was:
Johanna Silfvercrona.

Also known as Jenne (Jeanne?) de Bommert Sylvercroon.

Natural Offspring:  "In 1687 Major-General Tassin de Torsay was a Huguenot soldier William of Orange.  His brother, Charles Tassin d'Alonne, was married to one Johanna Silfvercrona who bore a son in 1646; the boy was her love-child by William II, Prince of Orange.  This child, Abel Tassin d'Alonne, was, therefore, the ilegitimate half-brother of William III.  Abel Tassin d'Alonne had a fine career as secretary to Queen Mary II and later as private secretary to William in England. . . . "  (Glozier & Onnekink: 134)

Personal & Family Background:  ". . . Jenne de Bommert Sylvercroon (was) the stepdaughter of the Swedish envoy in The Hague, Pieter Spierinck. . . . "  (Frey & Frey, 1995, p.10)

Spouse & Children:  She married ". . . Charles d'Alonne, a Walloon infantry captain in the service of the States-General. . . . "  (Frey & Frey, 1995, p. 10)

Count of Hainaut 1302
Count of Ostrevant 1304
Count of Holland 1304
Count of Friesland 1304
Count of Zeeland 1304.

Also known as:
Guillaume I de Hainaut
Willem III van Zeeland

Husband ofJeanne de Valois.

His lovers were:
1) Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Jan van de Poel batard de Hainaut (d.1392)

2) Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Jan Aeleman, batard de Hainaut (d.1389)
b. Claas van de Gheijne, batard de Hainaut (fl.1347)
c. Jan van Dolre, batard de Hainaut
d. Willem, batard de Hainaut (fl.1339)
e. Jan Zuurmond, batard de Hainaut (fl.1385)
f. Aleide, batarde de Hainaut (d.1332), Nun.

Willem IV van Holland (1307-1345)
Count of Hainaut 1337
Count of Holland 1337
Count of Zeeland 1337.

Also known as:
Guillaume II de Hainaut
Willem IV van Holland.

Son ofWillem III van Holland & Jeanne de Valois.

Husband ofJeanne de Brabant, mar 1334, daughter of Jean III de Hainaut & Marie d'Evreux.

His lover was:
Unnamed mistress.

Natural offspring:
a. Adam van Berwaerde
b. Jan van Henegouwen, Heer van Sissingen.