Sunday, 19 July 2015

German Aristocrats' Lovers

Dorothea Gruniger.
Her lovers were:
1) Bernhard von Eberstein.
2) Jakob, Rheingraf.
3) Johann Christoph von Zimmern.
"Dorothea Gruniger's career included stints as the mistress of three canons of Strasbourg, among them the chronicler's brother, Johann Christoph von Zimmern. According to the chronicle, she brought her first lover, Rheingraf Jakob, 'into great debt and misery,' so that he was almost forced to resign from the cathedral chapter because of his debts. He sent her away but was unable to resist her, 'for she was very beautiful in her youth, and such people are good at blandishments.' Although Dorothea had several children by Count Jakob, she also 'wandered around' and eventually settled down with Count Bernhard von Eberstein, the chronicler's brother-in-law, who kept her for several years. After leaving him, she became the mistress of Johann Christoph von Zimmern. This led to such enmity between the two men that it disrupted the entire cathedral chapter...." (Hurwich, 2006, p. 201)

Everard van Weede van Dijkveld.
Regent of Utrecht, field deputy & diplomat
His lovers were:
1) Madame Borneval.
wife of
Baron Gerard van Reede van Renswoude
President of Court of Utrecht.

2) Madame Hamel.
3) Madame Schade.
"His life was not spotless.  He had become a widower at an early age and had affairs with three married women, the ladies Schade, Hamel and Borneval.  Mrs. Borneval was the wife of Baron Gerard van Reede van Renswoude, the delegate of Utrecht in the States-General and president of the Court of Utrecht.  Mrs. Hamel's husband was the Utrecht burgomastel Hamel, who let the French into the city in 1672.  The Prince was aware of Van Weede van Dijkvelt's galantries, but let him go his own way.  William III tolerated a great deal in his favourites...." (Troost, 2005, pp. 100-101) [Ref1:100]

His lover was:
Leonora Werdenberger.
[Ref1:Hurwich] [Ref2:Wikipedia]

Friedrich III zu Salm-Kyrburg (1745-1794)

His lover was:
Henriette Sontag
Grafin von Lauenstein
German operatic soprano.
born Gertrude Walpurgis Sonntag
Madame de Rossi.
Wife of:
Carlo Rossi
Envoy & Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Confederation of the Rhine
Sardinian minister to St. Petersburg
(married in 1827)
Henriette's spouse:  "The fortunate object of Madlle. Sontag's choice---and time has proved how well-founded was her judgment---was a member of the diplomatic body when accredited at the Court of the Tuileries.  Count de Rossi, although then a very young man, was already, at that critical period of political affairs, Conseiller d'Ambassade of the Sardinian mission---a sufficient proof of his mental powers.  He had the good looks, the elegant manners, the tastes, and the gifts of conversation which distinguish the travelled man and the real homme de qualite---qualities which no adversity can diminish.  Fearing the prejudices of his noble relatives and of his royal master, until they could be assuaged, it was determine to conceal the wedding for the time being. It consequently was solemnized with all due form, but in secret, with only two or three intimate friends as witnesses."  (Life of Henriette Sontag, Countess de Rossi: 17)

A royal wedding present:  "The late kind-hearted King of Prussia, apprised of the intended marriage, was desirous on the one hand to show his estimation of his fair subject, and on the other to prepare for the prejudices and obstacles this marriage would meet with on the part of the Sardinian Cabinet.  Unsolicited, he spontaneously bestowed on Madlle. Sontag, before her marriage, a Patent of Nobility, with every necessary details of Coat of Arms, etc., together with a title, and the name of De Launstein.  So singular a circumstance cannot be contemplated without the deepest interest.  It appears to us to do as much credit to the feelings of the lamented Sovereign, as it did honor to the character of Madlle. Sontag." (Life of Henriette Sontag, Countess de Rossi: 17)

Hermann von Puckler-Muskau

Semilasso (pen name)
"Hermann Prince von Puckler-Muskau (1785-1871) was one of Europe's greatest garden artists, a dandy, a womaniser, a successful travel book author, god company and an enthusiast of fancy food who gave his name for an ice cream." (Puckler Museum
Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau
His lovers were:
1) Empress Augusta.

German writer, composer, social critic & literary hostess

3) Helmine?.

4) Henriette Sontag.

5) Herminie Lanzendorf.
"...Scarcely had the Graf surrendered his liberty than he fell passionately in love with his wife's adopted daughter, Helmine,a beautiful girl of eighteen,the child, it was believed, of humble parents.  Frederick William III of Prussia was one of her admirers, and had offered to marry her morganatically,and create her Herzogin von Breslau.  But Helmine gave her royal suitor no encouragement,and he soon consoled himself with the Princess Liegnitz.  Lucie spared no pains to marry off the inconvenient beauty, but Puckler frustrated all her efforts, implored her not to separate him from Helmine, and suggested an arrangement based upon the domestic policy of Goethe's Wahlverwandschaften.  But Lucie was unreasonable enough to object to a menage a trois, and a tlength succeeded in marrying Helmine to a Lieutenant von Blucher." (Paston, 1902, p. 285)

5) Lucie von Pappenheim.
"In 1816 Puckler became acquainted with Lucie, Grafin von Pappenheim, a daughter of Prince Hardenberg, Chancellor of Prussia.  The Grafin, a well-preserved woman of forty, having parted from her husband, was living at Berlin with her daughter, Adelheid, afterwards Princess Carolath, and her adopted daughter, Herminie Lanzendorf.  The Graf divided his attentions equally between the three ladies for some time, but on inquiring of a friend which would make the greatest sensation in Berlin, his marriage to the mother or to one of the daughters, and being told his marriage to the mother, at once proposed to the middle-aged Grafin, and was joyfully accepted...  His Lucie had only a moderate dower, but the advantage of being son-in-law to the Chancellor of Prussia could hardly be overestimated.  Again,. the Graf seems to have imagined that in a marriage of convenience with a woman nine years older than himself,he would be able to preserve the liberty of his bachelor days, while presenting the appearance of domestic respectability."  (Paston, 1902, 284)
Mahbuba, c1840
6) Machbuba.
" . . . At the slave market of Cairo he was enchanted by an Ethiopian girl in her early teens whom he promptly bought and named Mahbuba ('the beloved'). Together they continued a romantic voyage in Asia Minor and Greece.  In Vienna, he introduced Mahbuba to the European high society, but the girl developed tuberculosis and died in Muskau in 1840.  Later he would write that she was 'the being I loved most of all the world."  (Regina Jeffers)

"Called Machbuba, she was a native of Ethiopia who was bought by Prince Puckler-Muskau in 1838 to be his mistress. Although the prince claimed to love Machbuba, the fact that she had been purchased by him implies that Machbuba's own wishes may not have corresponded to the prince's desire for her. Two years after being bought, she died unhappily having become the object of scorn in the town of Muskau, whose inhabitants never accepted her or her relationship to the prince. That is, a relationship without marriage...." (Tautz, 2004, p. 78)
English editor & translator from German
"Sarah grew up to be a remarkably handsome and attractive woman, and caused some surprise by marrying John Austin (1790-1859) om 24 August 1819.  During the first years of their married life they lived a wide social life in Queen's Square, Westminster. . . According to a modern scholar, Austin 'tended to be austere, reclusive, and insecure, while she was very determined, ambitious, energetic, gregarious, and warm.  Indeed, her affections were so starved that in the early 1830s she had a most unusual 'affair' with Hermann Puckler-Muskau, a German prince whose work she translated.  It was conducted solely by an exchange of letter and she did not meet her correspondent until their passions had cooled.'"  (Wikipedia)

Sarah's personal & family background:  "Sarah was born in 1790 into a prestigious Norwich Unitarian family, the Taylors.  Like other clever girls from this progressive sect, she was highly educated and taught to consider herself equal, but still to see woman's destiny as that of helpmeet.  Energetic, beautiful, almost scandalously flirtatious, she married the severe legal scholar John Austin and pinned her ambitions to his glorious career. . ."  (Independent)

Sarah's accomplishments:  " . . . Sarah Austin (1793-1867) . . . was a learned and vivacious beauty, the wife of the austere legal scholar John Austin.  Known in her day as a leading translator of German and French works on history and literature, and as author of one of the first books in English about Goethe, she attracted the admiration and friendship of notable intellectual figures, including Jeremy Bentham, Thomas Carlyle, and John Stuart Mill. . . ."  (Contemplating Adultery: The Secret Life of a Victorian Woman:n.p.)

8) Sophie Gay.
Personal and Family Background:  "...Hermann Ludwig was the only son of Gran von Puckler of Schloss Branitz, and of his wife, Clementine, born a Grafin von Gallenberg, and heiress to the vast estate of Muskau in Silesia.  Both families were of immense antiquity ,the Pucklers claiming to trace their descent from Rudiger von Bechlarm, who figures in the Nibelungenlied...."(Paston, 1902, p. 281)

Physical Traits and Personal Qualities: "...After a couple of years at the university of Leipzig,he entered the Saxon army, and soon became notorious for his good looks,his fine horsemanship, his extravagance,and his mischievous pranks... In 1810 Graf Puckler died, and his son stepped into a splendid inheritance.  Like Prince Hal,the young Graf seems to have taken his new responsibilities seriously,and to have devoted himself, with only too much enthusiasm, to the development and improvement of his states...." (Paston, 1902, p. 282)

Character or Persona:  "...In the intervals of business, he amused himself with an endless series of love affairs,his achievements in this respect, if his biographer may be believed, more than equaling those of Jupiter and Don Giovanni put together. Old and young, pretty and plain, noble and humble, native and foreign, all were fish that came to the net of this lady-killer, who not only vowed allegiance to nearly every petticoat that crossed his path, but---a much more remarkable feat---kept up an impassioned correspondence with a large selection of his charmers. After his death,a whole library of love letters was discovered among his papers, all breathing forth adoration, ecstasy or despair, and addressed to the Julies, Jeannettes, or Amalies who succeeded one another so rapidly in his facile affections...."  (Paston, 1902, p. 282)

Spouse & Children:  He married, in 1817, Lucie, Grafin von Pappenheim.
"In 1817 he had married the Dowager Countess Lucie von Pappenheim, nee von Hardenberg, daughter of the Prussian statesman Prince Karl August von Hardenberg; the marriage was legally dissolved after nine years, in 1826, though the parties did not separate and remained on amiable terms."  (Regina Jeffers[Bio2] [Bio3] [Bio4] [Ref1] [Ref2] [Ref3] [Ref4:279] [Ref5] [Ref6

Imma von Doernberg.
Her lover was:
William Walton.
Juliana de Almeida e Oyenhausen
Juliana Maria Louise Sofia Carolina von Eyengauzen
Julia Stroganova.
German noblewoman & lady-in-waiting.
Juliana de Almeida e Oyenhausen
Spouses & Children:  She married Jose Maria de Aires (1755-1827), chamberlain of Queen Maria I da Portugal.

Leonora Werdenberger
Her lovers were:
Christoph von Werdenberg
Felix von Werdenberg 
"...(T)he career of Leonora Wedenberger led to more serious consequences than mere quarrels between canons.  Leonora, the illegitimate daughter of Count Hugo von Werdenberg, was brought up in Sigmaringen in or near her father's castle.  As a bastard, she was naturally evil, at least in the opinion of the chronicler.  Since the categories of women who were sexually available to noblemen included 'bastard daughters of their relatives,' it is possible that even in her youth she might already have had sexual relationship with one or more of her legitimate cousins.  After her father's death, Leonora was married to a furrier, but she soon became bored with her uncouth middle-class husband... She left him and thereafter 'always resided at Sigmaringen; there the two counts of Werdenberg, Christoph and Felix, built her a house.  In short, she became all-powerful, and anyone who had any business to transact with the counts or any case for them to handle had to win the favor of this Leonora'... The most scandalous aspect of this affair is that, according to the chronicle, Leonora was mistress to the two brothers simultaneously...."  (Hurwich, 2006, pp. 201-202)
Maria Versfelt
a.k.a. Maria Johanna Elselina Verfelt; Ida Saint-Elme; Elzelina av Aylde Jonghe; La Contemporaine.
Her lovers were:
Jean-Victor-Marie Moreau:
Michel Ney, 1st Duc d'Elchingen:

Maria von Maltzan.
Her lover was:
Hans Hirschel
"...The Countess Maria von Maltzan, by profession  a veterinarian, was a daredevil.  In her ground floor apartment, she had hidden her Jewish lover, Hans Hirschel. Not only did he survive, but with him literally hundreds of Jews for whom she provided hiding places...."  (von Sell Niemoller, 2012, p. 111)

Marianna de Pignatelli-Belliguardo
Grafin Altmann.
Her lover was:

Pietro Metastasio 
"...Widowed by Count Althann, in Vienna Marianna Pignatelli would become the muse of Pietro Metastasio...."  (Pagano, 2006, p. 268)]
Paul Alfons von Metternich-Winneburg
His lover was:

Unnamed mistress.
"After Paul Metternich's death in 1992, Princess Tatiana discovered that he had left much of his fortune to a mistress...."  (Telegraph[Fam1:Peerage] [Ref1:Telegraph] [Ref2:FIA]
Philipp I von Hanau-Munzenberg 
and Margarete Weisskirchner
Philipp I von Hanau-Munzenberg.
His lover was:
Margarete Wisskirchner.
" . . . In 1500, Count Philipp of Hanau-Munzenberg left a legacy to Grete Wisskircher and her children, unromantically describing her in the will as 'Grete the whore [Dirne]...."  (Hurwich, 2006, p. 209)

Philipp Moritz von Hanau-Munzenberg.
His lover was:
Margaret Crofts
(fl. 1623-37)
Maid of Honour ro Elizabeth of Bohemia, 1624-1637.

Wilhelmina von Cramm.
Wilhelmina Luise Johanne von Cramm
Her lover was:
A Russian Prince:
"By February 1794 Benjamin and Minna were separated.  He discovered that Minna had taken a lover, a Russian prince, and the she was expecting a child he knew was not his.  He sued for divorce, behaving in a chivalrous manner by taking all the blame and, in consequence, further blackening his reputation with the duke and duchess and most of their courtiers...."  (Winegarten, 2008, pp. 23-24)

Personal and Family Background:  "Wilhelmina Luise Johanne von Cramm (or Minna, as he always calls her) was the daughter of a Brunswick captain, Karl von Cramm, and of Luise von Bulow, his wife.  She was nine years older than Benjamin, but it was to be expected that a youth of his temperament and tastes would choose an older woman, Virginibus puerisque notwithstanding...."  (Benjamin Constant, p. 97)

Spouse & Children:  She married, in 1789 (divorced 1795), Benjamin Constant.

Physical Traits and Personal Character:  "...Wilhelmina's pretensions to beauty were not sufficiently dazzling to encourage her in any higher ambition.  When Rosalie saw her in Lausanne the summer after the marriage, she wrote Charles, 'Considering Benjamin's fastidious taste, we expected to find her perfection, and we were astonished to see that she was very ugly, her face pitted by small-pox, red-eyed, and very lean.'  But although the first impression was unfavourable, Rosalie admitted that on closer acquaintance she proved to possess 'a good figure, gentle and agreeable manners, a pretty hand, beautiful hair, a sweet voice, witty and gay, without any of the German stiffness.'  Benjamin adored her, she added, as mush as it she had been a beauty, and she certainly had a good influence upon him."  (Benjamin Constant, p. 97)

Achievements & Honours:  Lady-in-Waiting to the Duchess of Brunswick.
[Fam1] [Gen1]

His lover was:
Lover in 1575
Natural Offspring:
Anna von Stolberg
"He never married but, from about 1575 onwards, had an affaire with Catharina Lappe and fathered six children, born between 1577 and 1589.  When Wolfgang Ernst moved to Wolfenbuttel, Catharina Lappe married his advisor, Gabriel Hornburg, but this was a marriage in name only.  Wolfgang Ernst died in 1606 and, from about 1630 until she died, Catherina Lappe lived with her daughter Anna in Goslar."  (Dinastias)
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