Wednesday, 7 March 2018

Swedish Royals & Aristocrats

SWEDISH ROYALS.

BERNADOTTE DYNASTY.
Karl XVI Gustav of Sweden
1) Camilla Henemark (1964-?)
Swedish singer, actress, political spokesperson & fashion model
a.k.a. Camila Maria Hene

"The book “Carl XVI Gustaf – The Reluctant Monarch” claims to provide a rare glimpse into the King’s private life, including details of entertaining scantily-clad models in nightclubs run by underworld gangsters. The 340-page expose claims that the king, now 64, had a year-long affair about a decade ago with Camilla Henemark, who is of mixed Nigerian and Swedish heritage and was the lead singer of a rock band called Army of Lovers. The affair was known to the King’s wife, Queen Silvia, the book claimed. “The King sometimes looked like a love-crazed schoolboy and on one occasion they talked about running away together to an isolated exotic island,” the authors wrote. “(Henemark) was afraid she would become Sweden’s most hated woman if her affair with the country’s monarch became publicly known.”" (Telegraph)
Oscar II of Sweden
Oscar II of Sweden (1829-1907)
King of Sweden & Norway.

Son of Oscar I of Sweden & Josephine von Leuchtenberg.
Husband of Sophie von Nassau

His lovers were:
1) Emma Hammarstrom. (1849-1910)
a.k.a. Emma Elisabeth Hammarstrom
Natural offspring: Anna Hofman-Uddgren.

2) Marie Friberg.(1852-1934) Swedish opera singer.
a.k.a. born Maria Vilhelmina Friberg
Wife of Pascal d'Aubebard, Vicomte de Ferussac (1891-189?), mar 1891; 2) Edvard Leman (1841-1922), mar 1893
[Pix]

"According to rumor Martin Stugart presented in an article in Dagens Nyheter, Oscar II had been following the construction of a house on Kungsgatan 51 with six parade houses containing eight or ten rooms and kitchen each. The house was built 1889-1890. It is said that Friberg, who was one of the king's kings, lived there for a while with their two sons. However, in May 1891 Friberg married the nobleman Pascal d'Aubebard vicomte de Ferussac, and he adopted the two boys designated as the king's children. Already two years later, 1893, she got married with Edvard Leman (1841-1922). The marriage goal of Edvard Leman took place in Paris, your Edvard Leman moved at the same time. Friberg was transferred in 1896 to the book of non-existent , though named unmarried and under his girl name. This indicates that her marriage was not registered in the National Register. She may have emigrated already before 1891. She is buried at the northern cemetery in Stockholm together with the parents trader CJ Friberg and Wilhelmina Charlotta, unmarried Edberg." (Wikipedia)
@Unofficial Royalty
Karl XV av Sverige (1826-1872) 
King of Sweden (Charles XV) & Norway (Charles IV), 1859-1872, Viceroy of Norway, 1856, Vice-King of Sweden & Norway, 1857
a.k.a. born Carl Ludvig Eugen, Duke of Skane; Charles XV of Sweden.
Son ofOscar I av Sverige & Josephine von Leuchtenberg.
Husband ofMarianne of the Netherlands.

"The marriage was never particularly happy. While Louise was smitten with her husband, he was rather indifferent to her and took many mistresses and fathered several illegitimate children. After the death of their son in 1854, and discovering that she could no longer bear children, Louise offered Carl a divorce but he refused." (Unofficial Royalty)
Karl XV of Sweden
His lovers were:
1) Anna Margareta Lindqvist Bolander.
Natural offspringCarl Johan Bolander (1854-1903).
Swedish actress Elise Hwasser
(1831-1894)
as 'Sigrid den fagra"
2) Elise Hwasser(1831-1894)
Swedish actress & royal mistress
a.k.a. Ebba Charlotta Elise Jakobsson; Elise Jakobsson; Elise Jakobsson-Hwasser.
Wife ofDaniel Hwasser mar 1858.

"She had a brief affair with the Crown Prince, the future Charles XV of Sweden, who advised her to marry Daniel Hwasser, the secretary of the royal theatres direction, which oversaw the royal theatre. She took the Crown Prince's advice and married Hwasser in 1858, after which he was made director of the theatre. The fact that Elise Hwasser was suddenly awarded leading roles did not go unnoticed in the press: during her husband's short period as director of the theatre, she played all the leading female parts. Although this may very well have been the result of nepotism, it is equally clear that she did have talent as an actress – a talent that she was now able to demonstrate. Proof of this is provided by the fact that, after her husband had been dismissed as a director and her royal lover had acquired a new mistress, she nevertheless continued to play the leading female parts. Whatever means she had employed, she had now proven herself and, for the next thirty years, she played the leading female role in well over one hundred and fifty performances."  (Wikipedia)


3) Hanna Styrell(1842-1904)
Natural offspringEllen Svensson Smith (1865-1931)

4) Josephine Sparre (1829-1892)
Lover in 1851-1862.
a.k.a. Josephne Sophie Anette Charlotte Sparre af Sofderborg; Jossan; Schossan
Swedish noblewoman, lady-in-waiting & royal mistress

5) Juliette Bernard Madame Recamier

6) Maria Krasinska (1847-1912)

7) Sigrid Sparre(1825-1910)
[Ref1] [Ref2:Royal Forums]

8) Wilhelmine Schroder.
Oscar I of Sweden
Oscar I of Sweden (1799-1859)
King of Sweden & Norway, 1844-1859.
Son of Carl XIV Johan of Sweden & Desiree Clary.
Husband of Josephine von Leuchtenberg (1807-?, mar 1823, daughter of Eugene, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg & Augusta von Bayern.
Oscar I of Sweden
His lovers were:


Emilie Hogquist
1) Emilie Hogquist(1812-1846)
Swedish actress & royal mistress.
a.k.a. Emilie Sofia Hogquist; the Swedish Aspasia.
[Bio]
Daughter ofAnders Hogquist, Butler of the Count Carl de Geer Anna Beata Hedvall. [Bio2]
Natural offspring: 1) Hjalmar Högquist (1839-1874); 2) Max Högquist (1840-1872)

Emilie Hogquist' other lover was:
John Bloomfield2nd Baron Bloomfield (1802-1879)
British peer & diplomat.
[Pix]
Son ofBenjamin Bloomfield, 1st Baron Bloomfield & Hariott Douglas.
Husband ofHon. Georgiana Liddell mar 1845.
Emilie Hogquist
Natural offspring:
1. Hjalmar Hogquist (1839-1874)
2. Max Hogquist (1840-1872)

"...Emilie Hogqvist (1812-1846) is a Swedish actress and mistress to King Oscar I, with whom she had two sons."  (Strindberg and Lofgren, p. 158)




2) Jacquette Lowenhield(1797-1839) 
a.k.a. Gustava Charlotta Jacquette Aurora Gyldenstolpe.
Daughter ofNils Wexionius, 5th Count Gyldenstolpe Charlotta Aurora de Geer
Wife of1. Count Carl Gustaf Lowenhielm (1790-1858) mar 1817, div 1829. 2. Baron Uno von Troll (1803-1839), a Finnish nobleman (married in 1838)
Natural offspringOscaria (1819-?)
Karl XIV Johan of Sweden
Karl XIV Johan of Sweden(1763-1844) 
a.k.a. Jean-Baptiste-Jules Bernadotte
Son of: Jean-Henri Bernadotte & Jeanne de Saint-Vincent.
Husband ofDesiree Clary mar 1798.

"Although he never mastered Swedish, Carl XIV John became a successful, well-respected monarch. Still so prolonged a separation led to rumors; Desiree was at one point romantically linked to Armand, Duke de Richelieu, Louis XVIII's chief minister. Bernadotte at various times was reputed to have had affairs with Jeanne-Francoise Recamier, Germaine de Stael, Mariana Koskull (a lady-in-waiting to Queen Hedvig) and a few other court ladies. Oscar was still a bachelor and had a mistress. It was necessary to secure he Bernadotte dynasty. . . ." (Women Against Napoleon: 87)

Personal & Family Background:  Jean-Baptiste was the son of Henri Bernadotte, an attorney, and his wife Jeanne St.-Jean.  The family name was changed from de Poney in the 17th Century.  (Horricks, 1995, p. 70)

Love Life: " . . . Bernadotte at various times was reputed to have had affairs with Jeanne-Francoise Recamier, Germaine de Stael, Mariana Koskull (a lady-in-waiting to Queen Hedvig) and a few other court ladies. . . ."  (Maierhofer, et. al., 2008, p. 87)

Achievements & Honours: Enlisted in the Regiment de Brissac (1780); Sergeant-major in the marines (1788); in the Army of the Rhine (1792-1797); Division General; France's Ambassador to Vienna (1798); Minister of War (?-1799); Councillor of State; Commander in Chief of forces in La Vendee; Ambassador to the U.S.; Governor of Hannover (1804); Marechal de France; Grand Eagle of the Legion of Honour (1805); Prince of Pontecorvo (1806); Grand Dignitary of the Couronne de Fer of Italy (1806); Commander of 9th Corps of the Grand Army; Crown Prince of Sweden (1810); King of Sweden. (Horricks, 1995, p. 72)
Karl XIV Johan of Sweden
His lovers were:
1) Anita Britta Schaurell (1790-?).
Wife: Carl Eric Thunstrom.

2) Germaine de Stael.

3) Jeanne-Francoise Recamier.

4) Kristine Martha Ahlberg (1765-1850)
Daughter of Albert Folke
Wife of Olof Kampe

Marianna Koskulla
5) Mariana Koskull(1785-1841)
Swedish aristocrat & royal mistress
Lady-in-waiting to Queen Hedvig of Sweden.
Lover in 1818.
a.k.a. Henrietta Mariana Charlotta Koskull.
Daughter of Gustaf Fredrik Koskull & Anna Charlotta Gjelstrup.


"She was pointed out and known as the mistress of King Charles XIII after his accession to the throne in 1809, and eventually as the mistress also to his successor King Charles Bernadotte (crowned 1818), with whom she was said to have had a child. Historians have sometimes been uncertain, whether she actually functioned as a mistress, or only seemed to have this position. Queen Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte remarked that the king acted as her lover without being able to, while Bernadotte became involved with her after his wife left for France (1811). Bernadotte tried to conceal the affair, while Koskull did the opposite: In June 1815, the queen remarked in her famous diaries that Koskull exposed new jewels so expensive that they were an obvious gift from the Prince. Koskull made recommendations and had her brother Gustav made captain lieutenant for the royal guard." (Wikipedia)

6) Unknown Forsberg (1740-1800)

References for Karl XIV Johan of Sweden.

HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP DYNASTY.
Karl XIII of Sweden
Karl XIII of Sweden (1748-1818).

His lovers were:
1) Augusta von Fersen(1754-1846)
Swedish aristocrat & lady-in-waiting 
a.k.a. Augusta von Lowenhielm; Christina Augusta von Fersen
Lover in 1771-1777.

2) Charlotta Eckerman (1759-1790)
Lover in 1779-1781
Swedish opera singer & actress
a.k.a. Charlotte Beata Eckerman

3) Charlotta Slottsberg.(1760-1800)
Lover in 1777-1797
Swedish ballerina-dancer
a.k.a. Charlotte Slottsberg

4) Mariana Koskull(1785-1841)
Lover in 1811.
Lady-in-waiting to Queen Hedvig of Sweden.
a.k.a. Jenrietta Mariana Charlotta Koskull

5) Marie-Marguerite Morel. (1737-1804)

6) Sophia Hagman.
Karl XIII's wife's lover.
Hedwig Elisabeth von Holstein-Gottorp
by Carl Frederik von Breda, 1814
@ Nationalmuseum, Stockhom
Hedwig Elisabeth von Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden (1759-1818)
a.k.a. Duchess Lotta; Duchess of Sodermanland; the Little DuchessQueen Charlotte of Sweden
Daughter ofFriedrich August I von Holstein-Gottorp & Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine von Hessen-Kassel.
Wife ofKarl XIII of Sweden(1748-1818)

"It wasn't a conventionally happy marriage. Both parties had extensive extramarital affairs and they never had any children. On top of this, Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte was a keen intrigue-maker and occasionally did not align her own political sympathies with those of her husband's (she was even suspected of plotting against him and planning a coup in 1810). But she seems to have derived a great deal of pleasure from life. She enjoyed jokes, dancing and theatre, and had lots of lovers, including a brief fling with Axel von Fersen and a longer affair with his brother Fabian von Fersen (note that she was also BFF with their sister Sophie). She was a spirited and intelligent woman, and her diaries are a fabulous and very entertaining source on late 18th century court life in Sweden." (The Rags of Time: Random Scraps of History)
Karl XIII of Sweden
by Carl Frederik von Breda

@ Nationalmuseum, Stockhold

Her lovers were:
1) Axel von Fersen(1755-1810).
Swedish count, diplomat & statesman
Lieutenant General in Royal Swedish Army
Swedish Lord of the Realm
a.k.a. Hans Axel von Fersen; Axel von Fersen the Younger; le Beau Fersen.
Son of: Axel von Fersen the Elder, Swedish Field Marshal & Countess Hedvig Catharina De la Gardie
Fabian von Fersen
2) Fabian von Fersen(1626-1677)
Swedish field marshal, politician, courtier & statesman.
Governor-General of Skane 1676.
Lover in the 1780s-1797
[Ref1:Riksarkivet]
Sophie Piper
by Carl Frederik von Breda
3) Sophie von Fersen(1757-1816)
Swedish lady-in-waiting
a.k.a. Sophie Piper.
Wife ofAdolf Ludwig Piper (1750-1795), Swedish chamberlain
Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
King of Sweden, 1792-1809
a.k.a. the Moor.
Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, 1778
His lover was:
Maria Schlegel.
Adolf Fredrik I of Sweden
b Gustaf Lundberg, 1st half of 18th century
@ Hermitage Museum

Adolf Friedrich von Holstein-Gottorp
King of Sweden
by Antoine Pesne
His lovers were:
1) Catharina Ebba Horn(1720-1781)
Hedvwig Taube von Hessenstein
by Lorens Pasch the Elder, c1740
Swedish aristocrat, salonist & royal mistress.
"When Count Gustaf Sparre returned from his embassy post in London, he initially sided with Horn and warned Gyllenborg that Sweden was a 'serious' country and 'not having been used for two ages to declared mistresses, was shocked with the present one, particularly under the very nose of the Queen.' The situation became more scandalous in May 1733, when Frederick claimed to have a fit of colic and left Ulrika Eleonora and the assembled company to retire to his room. She later went to check on him 'and found Miss Taube in bed with him, with chocolate and biscuits by them,' which led the queen to shriek loudly and run out. A disgusted Finch reported that the 'Cabal,' which now included Bishop Eric Benzelius, 'keeps the King's favour by flattering and countenancing this passion.' Lars Bergquist notes that Swedenborg 'appears to have accepted his concubinage with Hedvig Taube,' while he too sought the king's support." (Emanuel Swedenborg, Secret Agent on Earth and in Heaven: 190)

3) Ulrika Elisabeth von Lieven(1747-1775)

HESSE DYNASTY.
Fredrik I af Sverige(1676-1751)
a.k.a. Friedrich I von Hessen-Kassel.
His lovers were:
1) Catarina Ebba Horn af Aminne(1720-1781)
Lover in 1745-1748
Hedvig Ulrike Taube
Grafin von Hessenstein

Maid of honour to the Queen of Sweden
Swedish courtier & baroness
Natural offspringLolotte Forssberg a.k.a. the Petite

PALATINATE-ZWEIBRUCKEN DYNASTY.

Karl XI of Sweden.
His lover was:
Hedewige Carlsdotter.
Karl X Gustav of Sweden
Karl X Gustav of Sweden.
Miniatyrporträtt av konung Karl X Gustav av Sverige (1622-1660), 1600-talets andra hälft.:
Karl X of Sweden
@ Pinterest

His lover was:
Marta Allertz (1628-1677)
Lover in 1646.
Swedish royal mistress
a.k.a. Britta Allerts
Daughter of: Claes Allerts (d.1650), Stockholm city councillor and Britta Jacobsdotter wheat merchant
Count Carl Gustafson
Natural offspringGustaf Carlson (1647-1708)
"Allertz was the daughter of the wealthy Stockholm city councillor Claes Allerts (d. 1650) and the successful wheat merchant Britta Jacobsdotter. She became introduced for the future Charles X and his siblings because of their parents business associations: her wealthy parents helped the parents of Charles X economically and her mother had a business arrangement with John Casimir in which she sold the wheat produced in the Stegeborg County, where John Casimir was the governor. Allertz and Charles had a relationship after his return from Germany in 1646. In 1647 they had a son, Gustaf Carlson. Charles immediately acknowledged their child. He spent his first three years with his mother, was in 1650 entrusted to Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie and ennobled in 1674.  In contrast to other mistresses of Swedish royalty, Allertz did not marry directly after the relationship was broken. Her mother was granted several sums in the capacity of her guardian. In 1665 Allertz personally was granted eight estates by the Queen Dowager Hedvig Eleonora and she was by then no longer under her mother's guardianship, but married and with children."  (Wikipedia)

Karl X Gustav's wife's lover.
Hedwig Eleonora von Holstein-Gottorp
by David von Krafft, c1655
Regent of Sweden 1660-1672, 1700-1713.
Karl X Gustav of Sweden
by Sebastien Bourdon, 1652/53
@ Nationalmuseum
Wife ofKarl X Gustav of Swedenmarried 1654

Her lover was:
Carl Gyllenstierna (1649-1723)
[Bio2]
"In 1667, the young nobleman Count Carl Gyllenstierna (1649–1723), was made Chamberlain to Hedwig Eleonora. He became the favourite of Hedwig Eleonora, served as her courier during the Scanian War, was promoted General-Governor of her dower lands in 1679 and was given the title of count in 1687. Carl Gyllenstierna was the favourite of Hedwig Eleonora and has been pointed out as her lover, and although this is not confirmed, he his swift career at court was attributed to his good looks. There is a legend that the residence of Gyllenstierna, Steninge Palace, was built with a secret passage from his bedroom to the bedroom in the so-called Queen’s Wing, which was used by Hedwig Eleonora during her frequents visits. During her later years, Hedwig Eleonora was criticized for her favourite, Anna Catharina von Bärfelt, whose influence led to an open conflict with Gyllenstierna. Bärfelt was known for taking bribes from supplicants to the Queen Dowager and rumoured to steal from Hedwig Eleonora. Gyllenstierna made an ultimatum and asked Hedwig Eleonora to choose between him and Bärfelt, which eventually led to Bärfelt being banished from court after Gyllenstierna had formed an alliance with Christina Piper, Beata Sparre, the Mistress of the Robes Märta Berendes, Arvid Horn and the court chaplain Molin. The night before her departure, Gyllenstierna had to door to Hedwig Eleonora’s bedroom locked to prevent Bärfelt from contacting the queen dowager.[10]" (Wikipedia)

"Hedwig Eleonora enjoyed great respect as "Riksänkedrottningen", which means "Queen Dowager of the Realm". Throughout her entire life she managed to keep a reputation of great virtue among the people. Among the court, however, she was known to have lovers, notably the young nobleman Count Carl Gyllenstierna (1649–1723), an affair that started in 1668 and continued for the rest of her life. According to unconfirmed gossip, it resulted in at least one abortion. Gyllenstierna was appointed Chamberlain to the Queen in 1667 and General-Governor of the Queen's Estates in 1679. He was to have received the last position as a recognition of his position as the Queen's lover. During the 1675–79 war, he was the courier of the Queen. He was made Count in 1687. The young Count's new castle, Steninge Palace, which was completed in 1705, was built with a secret passage from the bedrooms used by him and the Queen Dowager during her visits. One of the wings of the palace is called 'The Queen's Wing'. The love affair between the Queen and the Count is an important part of the history of the Steninge Palace. Gyllenstierna married the rich widowed Countess Anna Soop in 1706, but the Queen Mother and the Royal Family continued as frequent visitors." (Wikipedia)

VASA DYNASTY.

Christina of Sweden.
Her lover was:
Antonio Alonzo Pimentel de Prado (1604-1671) was the Spanish envoy who came to Lyon to pursue negotiations with Mazarin for the Peace of the Pyrenees and the marriage of Louis XIV and the Infanta Marie Therese. . . Pimentel had distinguished himself some years earlier in a diplomatic mission to Sweden.  He had come to the court of Queen Christina in 1652, had become the queen's confidant and perhaps her lover, had helped her establish contacts with Jesuit priests and had facilitated the support of the Spanish crown for her conversion to Catholicism and her abdication in 1654."  (Mancini, 2009, p. 93)

Gustav II Adolf of Sweden(1594-1632)
a.k.a. Gustavus Adolphus II of Sweden.
Ring, portrait of King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden, 17th-century.:
Gustav II Adolf, 17th century
@ Pinterest
Gustav II Adolf's physical appearance & personal qualities.
"The promise of his youth was more than fulfilled by his reign of twenty-one years. He grew tall and strikingly handsome despite the corpulence of his later years. He was as blond as those of ancient Gothic ancestors of whom he was overfond and had large round eyes set in a long face. His hair was white and his 'pointed beard of an almost golden hue'; the Italians called him 'il re d'oro.' His nose was long, slightly hooked, and his shoulders were broad. Gustav Adolf needed no decorations to appear regal, and his usual dress was starkly simple. His disposition was sanguine, positive, aggressive. He was gracious, bold, sagacious, lovable, abounding in infectious energy. As Nils Ahnlund put it, 'Enthusiasm was with him a normal condition; ; ; ; He had the art of lightening labor with a jest [and] the knack of getting on well with high or low, cleric or layman. 'He loved to dance; his daughter Kristina had no criticism of him exceot that he was perhaps 'too fond of the ladies.' He was a man of action, though 'he took unusual care to choose the precise moment to act. As a negotiator he seldom lost the spirit of attack. . . . He could command either bitter irony or dignified appeal. . . . His orders were peremptory.' As a warrior he characteristically thought in terms of offensive."  (Sweden: The Nation's History: 164-165) 
His lovers were
Ebba Brahe
1) Ebba Brahe(1596-1674)
Lover in 1613-1632.
Lady-in-waiting in the Swedish Court.
a.k.a. Ebba Magnusdotter Brahe
Ebba Brahe
[Bio1:Bit of History] [Bio2:Minata]
Daughter ofMagnus Brahe (1564-1633) and Brita Stensdotter Leijon Main.
Count Jakob de La Gardie
(1622-1686)
Wife ofCount Jakob de La Gardie (1622-1686) mar 1618.
"As long as the Swedish nation exists, and its memorials are read by its people, the name Ebba Brahe will not be forgotten.  Her father, Magnus Brahe, was a high official of the royal government, and his wife was a a marriage relative of the first Vasa king.  Their only child was Ebba, celebrated for her beauty, her amiable character, and the association of her name with the great Adolphus.  Her mother was the intimate friend of Christine, the mother of Gustavus.  When Madam Brahe, by mortal illness, knew that her last hour was near, she asked of the queen dowager, as the last favor to her dying friend, that she would take the place of mother to her cherished daughter.  Queen Christine granted this solemn request, and soon took Ebba under her special care and protection.  The orphan child, by her pleasing manners, the propriety of her conduct, and her remarkable beauty, soon became a favorite of the queen and of all persons of the court.  Her attractive qualities, and the estimation with which her advantages of birth were held, rendered her an object of rivalry among Swedish nobles...  It was in 1612, when he had been nearly a year on the throne, that the young king made known his love for Ebba Brahe, and learned that it was reciprocated...."  (Stevens, pp. 114-115)

"Clearly it would be best for Gustav Adolf to have an heir of his own, but his mother would not sanction marriage with his youthful romantic attachment, Ebba Brahe, the charming daughter of an important Swedish noble family...." (Scott, p. 201)

2) Margareta Slots(1600-1669).
a.k.a. Margareta Cabiljau; Margaretha Cabeljouw; Margareta; Cabiljau; Marguerite Cabeliau.

"Two possible male successors to Gustav Adolf died early: his cousin Johan in 1618 and his younger brother Karl Filip in 1622, both without heirs... Gustav Adolf's own illegitimate son (Gustav of Vasaborg) by the Dutch Margareta Slots of course did not count...." (Scott, p. 201)

"...There is a house on the Keizersgracht which has the inscription De Zweedse Koning, that is Gustaf II Adolf, the hero king who died in Lutzen in 1632, while fighting the Catholics.  In the same year the University of Amsterdam was inaugurated, Gustaf Adolf had a Dutch mistress, Margaretha Cabeljouw, with whom he had a son, Gustaf Gustafsson, who is buried in the Riddarholms church in Stockholm like all members of the Swedish royal family until 1950." (Gustafsson, p. 26)

"...He was, while absent from the country on a military campaign, drawn into a temporary illicit intimacy with the handsome daughter of a wealthy Dutch merchant who had become a resident of Gothenburg. Her name was Marguerite Cabeliau. For some unexplained reason she accompanied her father, in 1615, to the Swedish army in Livonia, where Gustavus was in command. A son was born to the young king, of whom Marguerite was the mother; and this child was called Gustaf Gustafsson, and afterwards known as Count Wasaborg...." (Stevens, p. 118)
Karl IX of Sweden
Karl IX of Sweden(1550-1611)

His lover was:
Karin Nilsdotter(1551-1613)
Lover in 1568-1578.
Swedish royal mistress.
Daughter ofNicolaus Carlsson Gyllenheim. a.k.a. Nils AnderssonVicar of Ostra Husby & Karin.
Wife of1. Gustav Andersson (d.1584) Karl IX's courtier; 2. Personal physician of Queen Katharina Stenbock; 3. Peder Kristensson Siöblad of Flättna (1540-1604) Governor of Nyköping Castle
Natural offspringCarl Carlsson Gyllenheim(1574-1650)
Johan III of Sweden
by Johan Baptista van Uther, 1582
Johan III of Sweden(1537-1592)
King of Sweden 1568-1592; Grand Prince of Finland 1581; Duke of Finland 1556-1563.
Husband of1. Katarzyna Jagiellonka(1526-1583) Queen of Sweden 1568-1593.
Katarzyna Jagiellonka
by Lucas Cranach the Younger, c 1553
@ Czartoryski Museum
His lovers were:
Gunilla Bielke
1) Gunilla Bielke(1568-1597)
Queen of Sweden 1583.
Maid-of-honour to Queen Catherine Jagiellon 1582 mar 1585.
a.k.a. Gunilla Johansdotter af Akero.

Daughter ofJohan Axelsson Bielke, Governor of Ostergotland, cousin of King Johan III & Margareta Axelsdotter Posse.

"Johan III was a more cautious ruler. He supported the development of the nobility and strengthened his ties with them in 1583, when he took as his second wife a daughter of one of Sweden's leading families, Gunilla Bielke. His policies in this regard were designed largely to reduce the influence of his brother Duke Karl and did little to enhance the authority of the crown. . . ." (Scandinavia Since 1500: 34)

" . . . In less than a year after the death of the queen, King John married Gunilla Bielke, a maiden of but sixteen years of age, daughter of a counselor of state, John Bielke. The marriage was celebrated with great pomp, in February, 1585 at the castle of Westeras. The young wife favored, as far as she could without incurring the wrath of the king, the opponents of the Liturgy. But not even her great influence could deter the king from persisting in pressing it upon the kingdom. It had become a question in which he felt that his royal prerogative and kingly dignity were involved. But inasmuch as their marriage had offended all his kindred, and increased the alienation of Charles, the king became seriously alarmed lest his enemies might by the aid of his brother overthrow him; and was thus led to court and to bestow new favors upon the nobility in order that he might rely upon their support. . . ." (The Reformation in Sweden: its Rise, Progress, and Crisis; and its Triumph under Charles IX: 217-218)

" . . . In February 1585 Johan Married, as his second wife, Gunilla Bielke. The marriage was regarded in the Vasa family as a misalliance: worse, as a political blunder, since it diminished the distance between the high aristocracy and the throne. Acid comments were made by Johan's sisters. As for Karl, he refused to attend the wedding. It was a brutal insult to the Bielkes and their relations: they could not but remember that he had similarly boycotted the wedding of Karin Mansdotter. The high aristocracy from which the rad was recruited was still a relatively closed circle of not more than twenty-five or thirty great families, all inextricable linked by a bewildering network of intermarriages. Everybody, more or less, was related to everybody else. By this conduct over Stromsholm, Karl had alienated the Stenbocks; by this attitude to Queen Gunilla he mortally offended the Bielkes: between the two, there can have been few members of the rad-aristocracy who had not now a grudge---personal or vicarious---against him." (The Early Vasas: A History of Sweden, 1523-1611: 302)

2) Karin Hansdotter(1539-1596)
Lover in the 1550s
a.k. a. Katarina Hansdotter
"The son of a peasant of Medelpad of the name of Magnus, first a soldier, then a corporal in Erik's lifeguard, had a daughter named Katrina, or shorter Karin, who when yet a child sat in the marketplace selling nuts, by which she gained her subsistence. Erik passed on day, and remarking the extraordinary beauty of the girl, then about thirteen, had her received among the maids of honour of his sister Elizabeth.  The little Karin learnt with facility all that was taught her; and distinguished herself for her modest, and in every way, loveable deportment. Her beauty, too, increased day by day, and though the paintings we still have of her, probably through the incapacity of the artists, are not at all striking in this respect, the authors of her time, even Erik's enemies, join in extolling her as the fairest of the fair. Erik was on the same opinion; he availed himself of every opportunity of showing her attention, and this had the readier influence on her, as he was handsome, and when he please, engaging.  Ravished by the distinction thus bestowed, still more by her love, she gave herself up entirely to Erik, and a sincere and mutual affection united them. Erik abandoned his other mistresses; Karin became everything to him; his suits at foreign courts were dropped,and when she bore a son, Erik determined, in his own mind, to find an opportunity of making her his Queen."  (Fryxell, 1844, pp. 323-324)

Natural offspring:  "Gyllenhjelm (golden helmet) was the name assumed by the batards du sang of the Wasa dynasty. . .  John had three children by Karin Hansdotter---Julius, Sophia and Lucretia.  Julius died without issue; Lucretia expired in 1585, very suddenly, so much so that King John writes to his son-in-law de la Gardie, 'to beg him to justify his suspicions that Mother Kirstin, of Oseborg, took away the life of our dear departed daughter Lucretia by sorcery. We wish you to forward your reasons for such an assertion, that we may send for her up from Smaland to stand her trial for the crime.' . . . ." (One Year in Sweden; including a Visit to the Island of Gotland, Vol. 1:68-69)

3) Katarina Jagellonica who became his wife.
Erik XIV of Sweden
Erik XIV of Sweden(1533-1577)
King of Sweden, 1560-1568. (Deposed)
Son ofGustav I Vasa of Sweden & Katharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg.
Husband ofKarin Mansdotter. mar 1568.

"The death of Gustav Vasa placed upon the throne of Sweden one of the most remarkable sovereigns ever to occupy it. Erik XIV was twenty-seven when he succeeded his father: a man in the full tide of vigour, stately and splendid to see; glittering with natural genius and acquired accomplishments; not unequal, as it seemed, to the high destiny of Elizabeth's hand. About his father there had always clung a tang of provincialism; but Erik could bear the scrutiny of fellow-monarchs with credit, if not quite with full assurance. To the grandezza of a great sovereign he united the polite arts prescribed by Castiglione. He had Latin at his command, fluent, elegant and pure; his modern languages included French, Spanish, Italian and Finnish, as well as German. He was well-versed in treatises of geography, and bought Mercator's maps; well-read in history, not least in that of Commines; interested in technological devices and innovations of all sorts, a collector of strange birds and beasts, an ammateur of gardening, a man cunning in the craft of the apiarist. To all the arts he gave his patronage: Vitruvius formed his taste in architecture; he could draw, he could etech; he was a skilled performer on the lute, and as a composer he might certainly stand comparison with Elizabeth's father. With him the culture of the Renaissance at last won a footing in Sweden. Unlike Gustav Vasa, Erik had a mind which turned naturally to the abstract, the theoretical, the logical, the speculative: he had a clear appreciation of theological distinctions, for which his father had cared nothing; he well understood the relevance of the precepts of Roman law to the contemporary political situation; and he seems at least to have had some notion of the quantity theory of money. Machiavelli not only furnished him with a vademecum to the profession of kingship, but also directed his attention to the theoretical study of war, in which he was himself to be so notable an innovator. He had the gift of words which was the common heritage of all his house; but his speeches---in contrast to his father's pungent, unstudied outpourings---conformed to the classic rules of rhetoric, just as his personal and political problems fell habitually, in his own mind, into syllogistic form. And it was not the least of his accomplishments that he was full of the precise learning and difficult techniques of astrology: it was a passion which held him throughout life; and it may perhaps have contributed something to his fall." (The Early Vasas: 199-200)

Marriage a matter of real urgency: "By 1567, indeed, marriage had become a matter of real urgency; for by now Erik was thirty-four. A succession of casual mistresses, a small brood of royal bastards, gave his conscience twinges which recurred with increasing frequency as the years went by; and dynastically it was evident that the situation called for speedy action. Johan had put himself out of the running; Magnus was intermittently insane; only Karl remained. Erik had certainly been very unlucky in his attempts to find a wife: so unlucky, that the suspicion was beginning to take root that his repeated failures were no accident. Was it not possible, perhaps, that successive negotiations had been wrecked by the agents to whom he had entrusted them? that the aristocracy were deliberately spoiling his matrimonial chances in order to ensure that he had no legitimate heir? It occurred to him the Johan would hardly have turned rebel without encouragement. What more likely than that he had been egged on to treason by his noble relatives, in order to compass his destruction? It had been a crisis over Johan's rebellion, moreover, that had pushed Magnus over the brink of insanity: at one stroke two members of the royal house had been eliminated as potential successors. It was characteristic of Erik that he should forget how large a share of the responsibility for his misfortunes lay at his own door. He had certainly made success more difficult that it need have been. He had been too clever in trying to combine marriage with political advantage. He defeated himself by attempting to keep too many projects in the air at once. He was not content to take any suitable healthy princess, irrespective of her personal charms. In this matter his standards were exacting: in 1561 he had told a Prussian diplomat that if it were at all possible he wanted to see his bride before committing himself, having no wish to share the unhappy experiences of Henry VIII. Nor was he prepared to be satisfied with the daughter of a petty German prince: as hereditary king he was looking---in the first instance at all events---for someone better than his mother. All this left him with a range of choice which was not wide; and it was natural to consider whether, if Europe failed to provide a queen, he might not be forced to look for one at home, as his father had done before him. But his father's example seemed rather a warning than an encouragment. The Leijonhufvuds and the Stenbocks, he feld, had had their consideration dangeroulsy enhanced by their marriage into the Vasa family. The last thing that he desired was to stengthen the ring of high nobility on the steps of the throne, and so put the fate of the dynasty into the hands of a close aristocratic clique. Thus the problem of Erik's marriage became a major political question for the county, and an obsession with Erik himself. Repeatedly he consulted riksdag and rad about it, seeking their endorsement of his projects, extracting from them undertakings to accept his ultimate chouce, wherever it might fall. Already in 1561, when the riksdag gave its blessing to the English venture, it also gave a promise to acquiesce in his marriage with any of his subjects, of whatever rank: it ws an assurance which was to be repeated in 1561 by the Clergy, and in 1566 by all the lower Estates. If a royal or princely bride was not available, no matter; he would turn elsewhere: his rank sufficed to raise any woman above her fellow0subjects. Did not the rad advise him in January 1565 that if he was not to marry beneath him only the Emperor's daughter would serve? It was true that they had also urged him, if he should decide to seek a wife at home, to choose from the nobility; but that was no more than he had expected---and feared. It seemed obvious that they wanted to manoevre him into a position where he would have no option but to take the daughter of some native magnate; and if they failed in that, to ensure the extinction of the Vasa line. At the great winter market at Uppsala in February 1565 Erik for the first time publicly expressed is belief in the existence of an aristocrative plot against th dynasty: it was a bogy wich was to haint his successors for half a century. Already, perhaps, he had made up his mind thjat if a foreign marriage should elude him, it would not be to the aristocracy that he would turn for his consort." (The Early Vasas: 227-228)
Erik XIV of Sweden
by Domenicus Verwilt, c1560
@ Nationalmuseum, Stockhold
His lovers were:
1) Agda Persdotter(fl.1565)
Lover in 1560-1565
Swedish royal mistress
a.k.a. Agda i Porten; Charitas
Dauughter ofPeder Klementsson, a wealthy merchant
Wife of1. Joakim Fleming, Swedish aristocrat, mar 1561; 2. Christoffer Olsson Strale av Sjoared, Sheriff of Stegeborg, mar 1565.
Natural offspring1. Virginia Eriksdotter (1559-1633); 2. Constantia Eriksdotter (1560-1649); 3. Lucretia Eriksdotter (1564-1574)

" . . . She was described as a great beauty, and was called Charitas. She became the mistress of Eric during his time as a crown prince, and is the first of his recorded mistresses. She was a center of his court at Kalmar Castle in 1558, where a chamber, Agdas kammare, (= "The Agda Chamber") is still named after her. Their relationship continued after he became king in 1560." (Wikipedia)

In 1561, she was married to the noble Joakim Fleming and given the estate Eknaholm outside Växjö, which had belonged to a monastery. The relationship with Eric ended, and resumed only after she became a widow in 1563. The relationship was not exclusive, as Eric had a large number of other mistresses; during the period 1561-65, Anna Larsdotter, Karin Jacobsdotter, Karin Pedersdotter, Sigrid Nilsdotter, Doredi Valentinsdotter and the more anonymous Britta and Ingrid were all listed as the King's mistresses, but Agda was his main mistress. The position of these women was only semi-official.
Kalmar Castle, Sweden
In 1557-1569, Kalmar Castle was the residence of King Erik XIV during his time as Duke of Kalmar and Konoberg.  (Wikipedia)
Kalmar Castle, Sweden
Royal mistress Agda was the centre of Erik XIV of Sweden's court.

2) Anna Larsdotter.

3) Britta.

4) Doredi Valentinsdotter.

5) Ingerd.

6) Karin Jacobsdotter.
Natural offspringUnnamed child. (d.1565)
Karin Mansdotter.
7) Karin Mansdotter(1539-1596)
Queen of Sweden,
Lover in 1565.
a.k.a. Katarina Mansdotter; Katarina Maununtytar (in Finnish)

And he loved her deeply, his only trusted confidante:  "Under circumstances that would have been difficult for even a strong and stable personality to handle, Erik turned to his only trusted confidante. This was Karin Mansdotter, his latest mistress. She had been with him for two years. The daughter of a prison official and former barmaid at an inn, she was kind, good-humored, good-hearted, and possessed a good deal of common sense. She was the only one who could deal with Erik's fits of depression and he loved her deeply. He was tormented still more because he wanted to make Karin his wife." (Warrior Kings of Sweden: The Rise of an Empire in the Sixteenth & Seventeenth Centuries: 74)

From mistress to the king's wife: "By January 1568 Erik had recovered his health and now not only resumed control of the government . . . but also led the Swedish army successfully against the Danes.  The king's illness and even his violence might be accepted as being in the nature of things, but old conflicts were still not resolved.  Furthermore, at the end of his period of insanity Erik had married his beautiful young mistress, Karin Mansdotter, who in January 1568 bore him a son.  The marriage was a new affront to the aristocracy, and the son was a threat to Johan's hopes for succession." (Sweden: the Nation's History: 143)

The first of rebellious kings who married a commoner: "At the bottom of the pile were monarchs' marriages to commoners, which were thought to represent the most severe infringement of the imperative of status equivalence. For this reason the number of such marriages remained very low. Only three rulers in my sample managed to legally marry a commoner between 1500 and 1800. Two of these cases fell upon kings and one upon a crown prince. The first of these rebellious kings was Erik XIV of Sweden (f.1560-68), who in 1567 married a commoner, Katarina Mansdotter. The king had made persistent efforts in several royal courts to negotiate a marriage contract, but these negotiations broke down one after another. Katarina, a prison warden's daughter, was said to be unusually beautiful (Sundberg 2004, 45-6) and only 14 when she met the king. She served as a maid in  a house the king used to visit. When the king began to show an interest in Katarina, he had her installed as a chambermaid for his half-sister Elisabet. Within a few months, Latarina was his mistress, but it was widely thought she would remain just one more in a string of the king's mistresses. However, due to the failure of his marriage intentions in European courts, Erik finally decided to wed Katarina, against the will of the Council of Estates, which recommended a royal match or at least marriage to a domestic noblewoman, a choice his father, Gustav I Vasa, had made twice. Erik XIV married Katarina with simple ceremonies in 1567 and one year later with solemn ceremonies, followed by her coronation the next day (Rangstrom 2010, 57-71). Because Erik and Katarina were far from status equals, the community in the king's vicinity reacted. To demonstrate their disapproval of this mismatch, many of those who were invited to the wedding ceremony declined to attend. Non-attendance was particularly high from German principalities and the highest domestic aristocracy. Afterwards, in 1582, a law was issued which stated that the heir to the throne cannot marry a non-noble (ofralse person). Any heir who does so will lose their right to the crown (Tegenborg Falkdalen 2010, 141-4)." (Families, Status and Dynasties, 1600-2000: 44-45)

The politics of keeping a mistress: "Eric XIV must have been well aware that his treatment of Nils Sture was an outrage which the whole nobility of Sweden would resent. Moreover he had offended the aristocracy in another way. Instead of seeking a bride from among them, as his father had twice done, he married, about this time, the daughter of a common soldier, Karin or Kitty, Mansdotter. Eric first made the acquaintance of this young and beautiful girl sometime between 1561 and 1564. In the beginning of 1565 she was received at court as his mistress, and in 1566 bore him a daughter. The king had already requested both the Riksdag and the Rad to allow him to marry whomsoever he would, since all his matrimonial negotiations with foreign princesses had come to nothing. In this request both the Rad and the Riksdag had acquiesced; but the Rad, consisting as it did of the magnates of Sweden, was naturally more jealous of the royal dignity, and added the proviso that his Majesty should not look lower than the nobility for a consort. Eric, who was determined to make Karin queen of Sweden, was greatly incensed by the Rad's suggestion, which he regarded as little short of treason. . . ." (Scandinavia: A Political History of Denmark, Norway and Sweden from 1513 to 1900: 120-121)

Aftermath of the affair: "On both sides of the Gulf of Bothnia, this queen - known as Kaarina Maununtytär in Finnish and Karin Månsdotter in Swedish - is regarded as one of the most interesting personages in Swedish history. The rise of the low-born Kaarina Maununtytär to the position of queen was one of many reasons why Eric XIV and his heirs were forced to forfeit the throne. Having lost her crown, the young queen was sent to Finland, where she lived until the end of her life at Liuksiala Manor at Kangasala. She is buried in Turku Cathedral." (National Biography of Finland)

8) Karin Pedersdotter.

9) Sigrid Nilsdotter.

Erik XIV Gallery.
Karin Mansdotter
KNUTSSON DYNASTY.
Karl VIII of Sweden
Karl VIII of Sweden
a.k.a. Karl Knutsson Bonde.
Karl VIII King of Sweden 1448; Carl I King of Norway 1449; Privy Council of Sweden 1434; Lord High Constable of Sweden 1434; Military Governor of the Realm 1436; Lord High Justiciar of Sweden 1441; Military Governor of Vyborg 1442.

Son ofKnut Tordsson Bonde & Margareta Karlsdotter.
Husband of1. Birgitta Turesdotter Bielke (d.1436) married 1428; 2. Katarina Karlsdotter (d.1450) married 1438; 3. Kristina Abrahamsdotter.

His lover was:
"...In his last moments he married his mistress, Christina, daughter of the captain in the Castle of Rosenberg, for the purpose of legitimising a son he had by her.  But no further notice was taken of this union, contracted against the advice of his council, and the son lived and died in obscurity.  The burial of the King at Riddarsholm, one of the Stockholm islets, was perhaps the result of his wish to lie in a spot where the wife of his dying hours could join him."  (Women of Europe in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, Volume 1: 213)

BJALBO DYNASTY.
(FOLKUNG DYNASTY)
Blanche de Namur
Queen of Sweden & Norway
Painting of Blanche of Namur, Queen of Sweden and Norway, done by  Albert Edelfelt. She’s shown bouncing her young son, the future King Haakon VI, on her lap.:
Blanche of Namur
Queen of Sweden & Norway
with her son
the future King Haakon VI
by Albert Edelfelt
@ Pinterest
Her lover was:
Bengt Algotsson
Duke of Finland; Duke of Halland; Governor of Skane
". . . Magnus, surnamed 'Smel,' the flatterer or caresser, and his Queen, Blanche of Namur, are said both to have been infatuated with a youth named Bengt, that is Benedict, Algotsson, and to have resolved on disinheriting Prince Eric in order to make Bengt---already created Duke of Halland, and appointed Stadtholder of Scania---their heir. . . ." (Women of Europe in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, Volume 1:6) [Bio2:Minata]

" . . . In 3.18 she mentions the elevation of another man, who might be Bengt Algotsson, Magnus's favorite and advisor, who was made duke of Finland and Halland, and governor of Skane. He was despised by the spiritual and aristocratic magnates for his cruelty and for his sequestration of church properties, and the Hanseats also thought he was acting against their interests. His policies led to Erik Magnusson's rebellion against his father in 1356, while all this time, in Denmark, Valdemar was waiting for his cur to exploit Magnus's weakness." (The Revelations of St. Birgitta of Sweden, Volume II, Volume 2: 11-12)

"One of the first recorded instances of same-sex love in Sweden is found in the revelations of Sankta Bridget. She accuses King Magnus Eriksson (ruled 1332-1363) of unnatural intercourse with a nobleman, Bengt Algotsson. Bridget accuses the king of 'loving men more than God or your own soul or your own spouse.' His queen was Blanche of Namur. Sankta Bridget was a powerful person in the political intrigues of these years. She had a political purpose in her way of presenting her religious ideas." (Encyclopedia of Gay Histories & Cultures: 852)


MUNSO DYNASTY.

His lover was:
Slav concubine

"Edla was princess of the Wends from Mecklenburg, the daughter of Prince Mieceslas and his wife Sophia. She was taken captive by Olaf II Skotkonnung, King of Sweden (980 – 1022) and became his mistress. Her children by Olaf were raised in the royal household, and included: Ealdgyth of Sweden (c995 – c1028). She was married firstly to the Viking jarl Sigehere, and secondly to the English king, Edmund II Ironside (984 – 1016), leaving descendants from her second marriage; Edmund the Old (c998 – 1056). He became King of Sweden, and left descendants; Astrid of Sweden (c1005 – c1050). She became first wife of Olaf II (995 – 1030), King of Norway.  Through her eldest daughter Edla was the great-grandmother of St Margaret, queen of Scotland, and ancestress through the Plantagenets of all the successive ruling dynasties of Great Britain, as well as ancestress of many of the royal houses of Europe."  (A Bit of History)


SWEDISH ROYAL DUKES & DUCHESSES.


BertilDuke of Halland (1912-1997)

His lover was:
Lilian May Davies
Duchess of Halland
Lillian May Davies (1915-2013)
Lover in 1943.
Welsh fashion model.
Daughter ofWilliam John Davies & Gladys Mary Curran.

Wife of:
1. Walter Ivan Craig (1912-1994), Scottish actor, mar 1940, div 1945

2. Bertil of Sweden, Duke of Halland, mar 1976
Add caption
Carl Philip, Duke of Varmland (1997-Present)
a.k.a. the Motor Prince; the Photo Prince; the Rally Prince.
@Pinterest
Husband of: Sofia Hellqvist, mar 2015.
His lover was:

@Hello

Lover in 1999-2009.

"Emma Pernald, the ex-girlfriend of Prince Carl Philip of Sweden, was the prince's constant companion for ten years, and much loved by the royal family. It came as a surprise then when Carl Philip, who is set to marry Sofia Hellqvist next weekend, said he had never felt the "magic of love" before meeting his new fiancée. "It was strange to hear that," said Emma, speaking to Swedish publication Aftonbladet. "I felt love in the ten years that we shared together." The pair met when Carl Philip was 19 and throughout their ten-year relationship, Emma became known as the pretty and popular "girl from Gothenburg" in the media. In 2002, the couple moved in together, which led royal watchers to believe that Emma and Carl Philip would eventually marry. From day one, the pretty brunette was warmly received by the royal family and in 2006 Emma was one of the select invited guests to attend King Carl XVI Gustaf's 60th birthday party. Emma was also very close to Carl Philip's sisters, Crown Princess Victoria and Princess Madeleine. When she and the prince decided to split in March 2009 – something that was a mutual decision – Victoria and Madeleine were said to have encouraged their brother to resume the romance. Emma, who worked in PR while she dated the prince, is now happily married to Tomas Jonson and is a doting mum to Arthur and August. She works at advertising agency McCANN, and wanted to make clear that she felt no bitterness towards her ex-boyfriend. When she heard that Carl Philip had proposed to 30-year-old model Sofia, Emma, who still remains on amicable terms with the royal, congratulated him wholeheartedly." (Hello)
Duke of Ostergorland 1750
Regent of Sweden 1793 & 1794.
a.k.a. the Most Beautiful Prince in Europe.
Son ofAdolf Fredrik I of Sweden & Lovisa Ulrika von Preussen.

His lovers were:
1. Euphrosyne Lof (1772-1828)
Lover in 1795-1800.
Swedish dancer & actress
a.k.a. Euphrosyne Lof.
Daughter ofJohan Gottfrid Lof & Catharina Charlotta Stalhammar.
2) Sophia Hagman (1758-1826)
Lover in 1778-1795.
[Bio1]

Magnus, Duke of Ostergotland (1542-1595)
Duke of Ostrogothia, Kinda & Ydre, 1555
a.k.a. Magnus Vasa; the Mad Duke
Prince Magnus of Sweden, c1580
Son ofGustav I Vasa of Sweden Margareta Leijonhufvud

His lovers were:
 1) Anna von Haubitz (d.1572)
Lover in 1567.
Natural offspring:
Helena Gyllenhielm (1572-1630) mar to Wollmar YxkullLord Chamberlain to Carl IX of Sweden

2) Valborg Eriksdottar (1545-1580)
Lover in 1560-1567.
"Valborg belonged to a family of servants who worked at the royal palace in Stockholm.  At the age of twelve she was a maid to Queen Katarina Stenbock, third wife of Gustav I of Sweden.
Natural offspring:
Lucretia Magnusdotter
Lucretia Magnusdotter (Gyllenhielm) (1562-1624)
Christoffer von Warnstedt (1542-1627) mar 1586

3) Unnamed woman.
Natural offspringVirginia
Vadstena Castle, Sweden
Vadstena Castle, Sweden
"The reconstruction from fortress into a habitable castle began in the 1550s, when prince Magnus became Duke of Östergötland. Duke Magnus suffered from mental illness and was the only son of Gustav I who didn't eventually become king of Sweden. Magnus died in 1595 and is buried in the church of nearby Vadstena Abbey."  (Wikipedia)
Vilhelm, Duke of Sodermanland
by Hofatelier Jaeger, Stockholm, 1909
a.k.a. Carl Wilhelm Ludvig af Sverige; Prins Wilhelm
Son ofGustav V of Sweden & Viktoria von Baden
Husband ofMaria Pavlovna of Russia mar 1908, div 1914.
Jeanne-Leocadie de Tramcourt
His lover was:
Lover in 1914-1952.
"Wilhelm had a relationship, which was not publicly known, with Jeanne de Tramcourt from that year until 1952. They lived together for more than 30 years on the estate Stenhammar near Flen. This was at a time when cohabitation was very unusual and not officially allowed to occur among royalty. Jeanne de Tramcourt was therefore called his 'hostess' at Stenhammar. On January 2, 1952, she died in a car accident in a snowstorm near Stjärnhov in Södermanland, when they were on their way to Stenhammar after visiting Wilhelm's son Lennart. Wilhelm was driving when the accident took place. After this tragedy, he is said never to have recovered."  (Wikipedia)

SWEDISH ARISTOCRATS.

Son ofLt. Col. Anders Erik Munck af Fulkila & Hedwig Juliana Wright.

His lovers were:

1) Anna Sofia Ramstrom (1738-1786)
Maid-of-honour to Sophie Magdalena af Danmark, Queen of Sweden
2) Giovanna Bassi (1762-1834)
 Italian ballerina; Prima ballerina of the Swedish Ballet
Daughter ofAngela Bassi, Italian ballerina.
Wife ofPeter Henrik Schon, a German-Swedish merchant, mar 1794
Axel von Fersen
Axel von Fersen (1755-1810).
Swedish count, diplomat & statesman
Lieutenant General in Royal Swedish Army; Swedish Lord of the Realm; Chancellor of Uppsala University 1799; Marshal of the Realm 1801
a.k.a. Hans Axel von Fersen; Axel von Fersen the Younger; le Beau Fersen
(by Queen Marie-Antoinette)
Portrait miniature of
Count Hans Axel von Fersen
by Noël Hallé
Art Prints on Demand
Axel's personal and family background: He was the son of Axel von Fersen "the Elder", and of Countess Hedvig Catharina De la Gardie. "On New Year's Day 1774 a young Swedish nobleman, Count Axel Fersen, made his first appearance at Versailles. Born on 4 September 1755, he was two months older than Marie Antoinette; he had been making the Grand Tour of Europe for several years, in the course of which he had met her brother, the Archduke Leopold, in Florence. Fersen spoke fluent French, in which language he wrote, as well as Italian, German and English. He was the son of an aristocratic mother and the Marshal of the Armies, 'the richest man in Sweden,' supposedly with £5000 a year, to the £3000 of the next-richest man. . . ."  (Fraser, 2002, p. 110)

Axel was the eldest of four children of the lovely, tall and slender Sophia de la Gardie, daughter of one of Sweden's ruling families, which had served king and country ever since it arrived from Languedoc. She had done her best by her brood as she flitted from the castles of Maalsaker to Ljung, from Lofstad to Steininge or to Stockholm, where she was Mistress of Robes. Axel's father, Frederick Axel of Fersen, was, during the reign of King Adolphus Frederick, the most powerful man in Sweden, intellectual, intelligent, and liberal, qualities not inherited in the like degree by his two boys and two girls." (Gade, 1955, p. 252)

"The Fersen family was of old Livonian origin, and had made its mark in Swedish history in the successive reigns of Christina, Charles X, and Charles XI. Three of its members were distinguished in the Council of the kings, and were made senators, three in the army; each of the latter became a Field Marshal." (A Friend of the Queen17)

Count von Fersen's physical appearance and personal qualities: "Count Fersen, who was then (1774) in his nineteenth year, attracted attention by his manly beauty and fine expression, although the latter was rather cold; but, as Tilly remarks, 'Women do not dislike impassive faces when they may hope to animate them.'  The young Swede's countenance was of this kind.  His large, limpid eyes, shaded by thick black lashes, had the calm outlook of the northern people, the impress of whose melancholy he bore; but this did not always or completely conceal the warmth of a generous nature quite capable of passion. He had a small mouth, with expressive lips; a straight, well-formed nose; the fine, thin nostrils that are sometimes a sign of shyness, or, at least, the impress of nobility and simplicity; his attitude was in every respect that of a true gentleman." (A Friend of the Queen9-10)
axel von fersen | ... ・フォン・フェルセン - Axel von Fersen the Younger
@Pinterest
Fersen was dazzlingly good-looking: " . . . Fersen was dazzlingly good-looking. He was tall and slim, with a narrow face, intense dark eyes beneath strongly marked eyebrows and a slightly melancholy air.  These were romantic looks, which caused the Duc de Levis to write that he looked like the hero of a novel---but not a French novel since Fersen was too serious. Another part of his attraction was what Georgiana Duchess of Devonshire called 'the most gentleman-like air'; the Count was always extremely concerned to present an elegant appearance." (Fraser, 2002, pp. 110-111)

His manly beauty & fine expression attracted attention: "Count Fersen, who was then in his nineteenth year, attracted attention by his manly beauty and fine expression, although the latter was rather cold; but, as Tilly remarks, 'Women do not dislike impassive faces when they may hope to animate them.' The young Swede's countenance was of this kind. His large, limpid eyes, shaded by thick black lashes, had the calm outlook of the Northern people, the impress of whose melancholy he bore; but this did not always or completely conceal the warmth of a generous nature quite capable of passion. He had a small mouth, with expressive lips; a straight well-formed nose; the fin, thin nostrils that are sometimes a sign of shyness, or, at least, of caution and reserve. His manners ore the impress of nobility and simplicity; his attitude was in every respect that of a true gentleman." (A Friend of the Queen: 9)

An adulterous womanizer & bon vivant: " . . . An adulterous womanizer and bon vivant to the end of his days, a deeply conservative royalist who refers to the commoners only as "rabble" (shades of Nicolas Sarkozy), his blinkered self-righteousness gives a wondrously lopsided view of the French Revolution. He is acute on the diplomatic intrigues and the mass insanity of crowds but scarcely mentions the starvation and dire straits of the populace in a country crushed by debt and taxes — in large part because of the king's decision to militarily support the American revolutionaries. After the executions, Fersen returned to his rich estates and government career in Sweden. Here, a pure work of fiction might wind down with remembrance, philosophizing and old age. But history chose another ending: In 1810 in Stockholm, Fersen himself is killed by an outraged mob. . . ."  (LA Times)

"It is worth digressing a little from the correspondence to rectify the entirely false image often presented of Fersen as a libertine who had scores of casual mistresses while he venerated the Queen of France from afar, never daring to touch her for fear of contaminating the royal blood line. This is hardly a credible hypothesis. Royal liaisons were almost de rigueur in his family; he was himself descended from the kings of Sweden by just such a liaison. For him, princesses were made of flesh and blood; they were not untouchable idols. The Comte de Bouille, who passed into the service of Sweden after the French Royal Family's arrest at Varennes in 1791, remarked after seeing the Fersen family at Stockholm that they 'always had to mix grandeur into their love affairs'. He had no doubt about the nature of Axel von Fersen's relationship with the Queen of France. 'It must be said, in praise of this favourite, that the decency and inalterable calmness of his bearing could never give rise to the most active malice. His devotion to the Queen, aided by his phlegmatic nature, guaranteed him from becoming intoxicated by his success, which he justified by unfailing prudence and discretion. He was such indeed as a queen's lover should always be.'"  (I Love You Madly: n.p.)

His lovers were:
1) Amalie Frederika von Baden.
Eleonore Sullivan
Timblr
2) Eleonore Sullivan
(1750-1833)
Italian adventuress, courtesan & royal mistress
Lover in 1789-1799.

a.k.a.
Anna Eleonora Franchi, Baronne de Franquemont
Anna Eleanor Sullivan
Eleanore Sullivan, Lady Crawford

Daughter of:
A tailor in the Republic of Lucca.

Wife of:
1. Martini
Dancer in a travelling theater company
2. Sullivan
an Irish officer.

" . . . Mme Sullivan was mistress of wealthy Scotsman Quintin Craufurd. Fersen's diary shows that it was during preparations for the Royal Family's escape that he began a liaison with this femme fatale, which continued intermittently for several years. Craufurd had been in England since some time in May, and during the week preceding the Royal Family's escape, Fersen notes in Swedish in his diary that he 'stayed there' three times after going to see Eleonore. In later years he is less cryptic, writing 'slept' (couche in French) to indicate the nights he spent with her. They were remarkably infrequent, in fact, since they are only ever noted during Craufurd's rare absences. In June 1791 Fersen also notes his visits 'chez Elle' -- Marie Antoinette -- at the Tuileries, without always recording the time that he left her, which could indicate that he also 'stayed' with her. On 16 June he arrived 'chez Elle' at 6:30 p.m., and gives no more details; normally he expands on the weather, his meals, when he returned home. The following day starts simply with 'to Bondy and Bourget'." (I Love You Madly: Marie Antoinette & Count Fersen: n.p.)

"Fersen had a mistress during the years that he was friendly with the Queen. This was the beautiful Italian adventuress, Eleanor Sullivan, who was a 'kept woman'...."  (Sanderson)

"Fersen's connexion with Crawford was produced through a beautiful lady, whom both gentlemen passionately adored; and this fact speaks against any amour between the queen and Fersen. The name of the celebrated beauty was Franchini; she was a native of Lucca, and appeared at the court of Stuttgart as a danseuse, where she gained the favour of Duke Charles. Her three children were ennobled by the name of Franquemont, and one daughter married Count d'Orsay, and was the mother of the celebrated dandy of that name and of the Duchess de Guiche-Grammont. The Franchini, after leaving the court of Stuttgardt (sic), proceeded to the East Indies, where she married a gentleman of the name of Sullivan, appeared under that name in Paris, and eventually formed a liaison with Quinti Crawford, who kept up a brilliant establishment in Paris. It was a Crawford's house that Count Fersen formed her acquaintance." (Remarkable Adventurers and Unrevealed Mysteries, Volume 1: 216-217)
Elizabeth Foster
Duchess of Devonshire
by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787
British society hostess and patron of arts

a.k.a. Elizabeth Christiana Hervey; Elizabeth Hervey; Elizabeth Cavendish; Bess.
Daughter ofFrederick Hervey, 4th Earl of BristolBishop of Derry & Elizabeth Davers.
Wife of1. John Thomas Foster (1747-1796), an Irish politician, mar 1776, sep 1781

"However, the Queen was not without rivals even at the start of her relationship with Fersen. It was during his voyage in Italy with Gustav III that he met Lady Elizabeth Foster, separated from her husband and children and in exile because of the scandal caused by her relationship with the Duke of Devonshire, husband of her best friend, Duchess Georgiana. Their menage a trois would fuel gossip in England until Georgiana's death; their life together was punctuated by the continental journeys of the two women to give birth in secret to their illegitimate children. Marie-Antoinette's close friend Mme de Polignac wa also close to Georgiana and Lady Elizabeth, and she supervised the education of these children, who were placed with families in France under false names. The Queen had received Lady Elizabeth at Versailles, in the process acquiring another fervent English admirer. Lady Elizabeth talks of Marie-Antoinette in her letters to Fersen during the Revolution as 'our unhappy friend' and 'she whom we love'; despite what has been said and surmised, she never shared Fersen's favours with the Queen."  (I Love You Madly: n.p.)


"It was certainly true that Lady Elizabeth Foster fell for Fersen and tha he was drawn to her beauty and sympathized with her predicament; but they were never lovers. Although Lady Elizabeth praised the 'very, very amiable' Fersen in her letters to Georgiana, their physical contact extended to a single kiss on the cheek one evening at a ball when she was in a melancholy mood. The following day he gently let her down in case shad been expecting a declaration of love. 'Today we all went to a party. He drove by me; he then expressed himself as fearful of having offended me, but without urging any sentiment but respect & tenderest attachment; he only said he hoped I could do justice to his sentiments; they were such as could never change.' That evening, although they were alone for a few minutes (one feels sure that Lady Elizabeth had contrived it), Fersen did not seize the occasion to kiss her or even take her hands. 'I do not pretend that I shall not regret him,' she wrote to Georgiana. 'He is in every respect amiable & estimable; but you live in my heart, dearest. I confess my weaknesses so you teach me to correct them.' The following year she wrote in her diary that while she was 'attached' to Fersen, she had never even been tempted for a moment to do what she regretted doing with the Duke of Devonshire." (I Love You Madly: n.p.)

4) Emilie de Geer.

5) Emily Cooper.
Hedwig Elisabeth von Holstein-Gottorp
by Carl Frederik von Breda, 1814
@ Nationalmuseum, Stockhom
6) Hedwig Elisabeth von Holstein-GottorpQueen of Sweden (1759-1818)
a.k.a. Queen Charlotte of Sweden; Duchess Lotta.


Karl XIII of Sweden
by Carl Frederik von Breda

@ Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
Wife ofKarl XIII of Sweden (1748-1818)
" . . . He [Axel] is famous as a lover and had affairs with various women, especially the Italian-born adventuress Eleanore Sullivan, and the Royal Duchess Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, married to the future King Charles XIII of Sweden. It is not known when her affair with Axel von Fersen occurred, it is only known that she wished to resume it when Fersen returned to Sweden after the death of Marie Antoinette and that Fersen refused to do so. King Charles was in his turn the lover of the cousin of Axel, Augusta von Fersen." (World Heritage Encyclopedia article @ Project Gutenberg)

7) Madame de Brancas.
8) Madame de Korff.
9) Madame de Matignon.
Daughter ofBreteuil.
10) Mademoiselle Hunter.
11) Marianna la Grua.
Wife ofSpanish Ambassador to Swedish Court.

12) Marie-Antoinette of AustriaQueen of France.

Marie-Antoinette's physical appearance: "But, above and beyond ll, the young Dauphiness shone with a radiant lustre.  A young future queen by the right of her marriage, she already wore the crown by right of her beauty.  'Let us picture to ourselves a dazzlingly fair complexion, in which the tints of the earliest summer roses are blended; large, prominent eyes of azure blue; a forehead crowned with luxuriant fair hair, bearing the impress of majesty and frankness, gave the noblest expression to her whole countenance.  This was enhanced by the perfect shape of her nose.  The only defect in the face of the lovely Princess was the slight protrusion of the lower lop; but this was a distinctive feature of the house of Austria, and reminded all that she was the daughter of Maria Theresa.  Her figure was shapely and tall for her age; her neck and bust were perfect; her hands beautiful; her legs and feet worthy of the Venus de Medicis. Her movements were easy and graceful, her whole person was delightfully harmonious, so that none could behold her without admiration, because she was always desired to please all whom she saw.'"  (A Friend of the Queen14)

First encounter:  "Count Axel de Fersen met Marie-Antoinette for the first time at a masked ball at the Opera in 1774. He made a strong impression on the queen at the time and she exclaimed “He’s an old acquaintance” when she met him again at the French court four years later. After moving to Versailles, in 1779 he joined the circle of intimate friends of the queen and gained her backing. He thus obtained the post of colonel of a German infantry troop sent to fight with the rebels in the American War of Independence in 1780. After his return from America and thanks to the intercession of the queen and of Gustavus III, king of Sweden, he was appointed colonel of the Royal Swedish regiment in 1783. He divided his time between the court and his regiment."(Chateau de Verseilles)
Marie Antoinette, her children, Axel Fersen and Madame de Tourzel as seen in L’Enfant Roi (1922)  >source: my scan:
Marie Antoinette, her children, Axel Fersen
and Madame de Tourzel
as seen in L'Enfant Ro(1922)
@Pinterest
First meeting at a ball: "For close upon four years Marie Antoinette had been Dauphiness, passing her time in the surface-stir and profound monotony of a future queen's existence, in, but not of the Court, where Madame du Barry reigned, and where Louis XV, then near his death, could barely drag himself about, when a trifling event, whose future consequences no one, not even the parties interested, foresaw, took place at a ball given by her on the 10th of January 1774. The ambassador from Sweden to the Court of France presented to the Dauphiness one of his countrymen, a young Swede, who was travelling to complete his education---Count John Axel Fersen. The daughter of Maria Theresa could not fail graciously to receive the young foreigner, whose presence promised t dispel a little of the dullness of the ceremonial entertainments prescribed by etiquette; especially as the personal merit of this foreigner, the bearer of an illustrious name, whose renown had reached France, justified his welcome." (A Friend of the Queen: 8-9)
Related image
@Tweed and the Gentleman's Club
"One cannot know for certain, then, exactly, when Fersen became the Queen's lover, although it is suggested here that he did, either in the high summer of 1783 or, if his long absence (and the Queen's early pregnancy) was an inhibition, the following year...." (Fraser, 2002, p. 205)

"Marie Antoinette and Swedish soldier Hans Axel von Fersen were both still teenagers when they met each other at a masquerade ball in Paris on January 30, 1771. . . At the ball, Marie Antoinette and Axel von Fersen took off their masks and talked to each other and that meeting began their friendship. She invited Axel von Fersen to Versailles and he quickly became one of her favorite guests. He traveled to Versailles as often as he could, but his military career soon transformed into a diplomatic post that took him to England for several years. . . Axel von Fersen remained in Paris throughout 1791 and in this year he and Queen Marie Antoinette grew closer, and some historians assert that this is when they became lovers. . . . "  (A Love Story for Valentine's Day -- Marie Antoinette and Count Axel von Fersen)


"The young nobleman was, from the first, a prime favourite at the French court, owing partly to the recollection of his father's devotion to France, but principally because of his own amiable and brilliant qualities. Queen Marie Antoinette, who had first met Fersen when they both were age(d) 17 (January 1774), was especially attracted by the grace and wit of 'le beau' Fersen, who had inherited his full share of the striking handsomeness which was hereditary in the family. It is possible that Fersen would have remained at Versailles, following the American war, but he was commanded by his own sovereign, that at Pisa, that he desired him to join his suite.  Fersen accompanied Gustav III of Sweden in his tour of Italy and France, and returned homw with him in 1784." (World Heritage Encyclopedia article @ Project Gutenberg)

"Anna Soderhjelm, who credited Fersen with several mistresses he never had, states in her book that his affair with Eleonore began at the beginning of the Revolution in 1789 -- in other words, that he was unfaithful to Marie Antoinette quite systematically for more than two years. There is absolutely nothing in Fersen's papers to support this assertion; but then Sodehjelm also declares that he wrote only twice to the Queen during the summer of 1789, when as we have seen he was in touch with her constantly. In 1789 and 1790, despite their extremely difficult circumstances, Fersen and Marie Antoinette were happy together. He spent his time with her at Saint-Cloud whole Eleonore was in Paris or London, and he did not correspond with Eleonore at this time. Since he always wrote regularly to his platonic female France -- Mme de Matignon, Lady Elizabeth Foster and Mme de Korff -- he would certainly have written to her had their liaison already begun. The first letter to Eleonore Sullivan in his register in on 13 August 1791, several weeks after he had last seen her in Craufurd's salon in Brussels. It would seem that he had no intention of pursuing an affair with her, or he would most certainly have written to her regularly after they parted, as he did in later years." (I Love You Madly: Marie Antoinette & Count Fersen: n.p.)

13) Wilhelmine Constance von Ludolf, Comtesse de Saint-Priest.
(1752-1807)
Comtesse de Ludolf; Dame de Malte
Francois-Emmanuel de Guignard
Comte de Saint-Priest
@Wikipedia
Wife of: Francois-Emmanuel de GuignardComte de Saint-Priest (1735-1821)
mar in 1714

"Axel Fersen was involved with a number of women during the course of his life. Not all of them let go gracefully.  The comtesse de Saint-Priest was one of them.  Evidently, she was another of Fersen's mistresses, and not happy at being replaced by Eleonore Sullivan.

14) Yekaterina Nikolaievna Mentchikova.

Axel von Fersen Gallery
Count Axel von Fersen
Count Axel von Fersen
Count Axel von Fersen
Count Axel von FersenMiniature painting by
Gabriel Jean Joseph Hubert Le Monnier
copy after a painting by
Carl Fredric von Breda
@ Nationalmuseum Stockhom
Count Axel von Fersen
Count Axel von Fersen
Count Axel von Fersen

References for Count Axel von Fersen.
[Bio2:IMDB] [Bio3:Ann Lauren] [Bio4:PBS] [Ref1:Sanderson] [Ref2:Alexander Palace] [Ref3:Tea at Trianon] [Ref5:Red Room] [Ref8:Marie Antoinette Forum] [Ref9:How Stuff Works] [Ref10:Marie Antoinette Forum] [Ref11:Suite101] [Ref12:Yahoo Groups]
Important to Madeleine @ Blogspot
[Lady Reading]
Marie Antoinette & the French Revolution @ pbs.org

Antoine d'Hoggeur
Baron de Presles
Councillor at the Royal Swedish Trade Council
His lover was:
Charlotte Desmares (1682-1753).
French actress.
a.k.a. Christine-Antoinette-Charlotte Desmares; la Desmares; Lolotte.
" . . . Mlle Desmares, after her early fling with the regent, settled in for a long affair with a financier, Antoine Hogguer, who built for her two splendid mansions, the Folie Desmares in Chatillon and the Hotel Desmares-Villeroy on the rue de Varenne in Paris, now the Ministry of Agriculture.  According to the official website of that ministry, Hogguer wanted to marry Mlle Desmares, but she was afraid of the scandal.  In order for them to live together as if married, but without public acknowledgment, he had a house built for her separated by a garden from a property he already owned, the Hotel Rothlin, now the reisence of the Minister of Commerce.  Unfortunately, scandal followed the baron anyway.  He was accused of a number of financial transgressions and ruined in 1726.  Fortunately, the Hotel Desmares was her property, at least until she was forced to sell it to pay debts in 1735.  The lovers fled to St.-Germain-en-Laye, where she supported him until the end of his life on her pension from the theatre."  (Women on the Stage in Early Modern France:1540-1750: 259)
Carl Wilhelm Seele (1765-1803)
Pomeranian merchant.
His lover was:
"In 1789, the young royal secretary Carl Wilhelm Seele was her lover: Seele was called l'Adonis de la Roture and known for changing clothes three or four times a day to 'coming, going and riding to demonstrate his beauty." (Wikipedia)
Charlotta Eckerman
Charlotta Eckerman (1759-1790)
Swedish singer & courtesan.
a.k.a. Madame Ahlgren.
Her lovers were:

1) Baron van der Bork, Dutch ambassador to Sweden.

2) Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt.

3) Carl XIII of Sweden
Lover in 1779-1781
Personal & Family Background:  Charlotta was the daughter of Bengt Edvard Eckerman, a cavalry captain of the Royal Scanian Hussars, and the writer Catharina Ahlgren.  (Wikipedia) [Ref1:finslab]
Fredrik Sparre (1731-1803)
His lover was:

Finnish & Swedish courtier & diplomat.
"In connection with Gustav III's journey to the resort town of Spa in 1789, the young baron Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt (175701814) became the principal favourite in the immediate circle of the king.  Like Gustav's former closest confidant, the crown equerry Adolf Freri.

"...Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt was a handsome man with legendary charm, sometimes called Apollo, and appealing over decades to many a lady all over Europe.  He was also a seasoned soldier, and the depiction of an opulent lady between two soldiers would have been a very suitable subject for Armfelt, especially if purchased in his last years in St. Petersburg, the two warriors perhaps referring to his career as a Swedish general, who later served his Finnish homeland in the Russian court."  (Amden, 2002, p.222 [Armfelt] [Ref3:Minata]


His lovers were:
"Four years Anna-Dorothea's senior, Gustav d'Armfelt was as big a man as Peter, but his poor proportions---his burly, broad-shouldered body was too big for his short legs---hardly comprised the heroic specifications for dreams.  He was handsome, no doubt, when he was younger, but dissipation was already taking its toll of his rugged good looks.  Yet Anna-Dorothea found the attentions of the famous philanderer flattering, and in no time, he was her favorite escort. D'Armfelt was excellent company, and his conversation, larded with what he knew and had seen firsthand and spiced with names of international repute, opened a welcome window onto Western Europe for Anna." (By Influence & Desire: 42)

2) Mademoiselle L'Eclair.

Magdalena Charlotta Rudenschold, 1823
3) Magdalena Rudenschold (1766-1823)
a.k.a. Madeleine de Rudenschold.
"...Armfelt's chief intermediary at Stockholm was his mistress, the frivolous but amiable Magdalena Rudenskild, through whom he hoped to persuade the young king to write a letter to Catherine II, inviting cooperation.  The government discovered the plot by opening Armfelt's letters... (T)he other conspirators were arrested in Sweden at the end of 1792, and put upon their trial.  Armfelt, Ehrensvard, and Magdalena Rudenskold were condemned to death... The death sentences were indeed remitted in the cases of Ehrensvard and Magdalena Rudenskold, but the unfortunate lade was pilloried in the great square of Stockholm, to the intense indignation of the public, who regarded her degrading punishment as a mean act of vengeance on the part of the rejected lover, it being notorious that the duke-regent had solicited the lady's favours in vain some years before...."  (Bain, 1905, p. 383)

" . . . D'Armfelt's mistress, Madeleine de Rudenschold, paid a pretty krona for remaining faithful to the absent d'Armfelt.  Wild with jealousy, the scorned regent had her convicted on a false charge.  She spent half a day in the public pillory on Stockholm's main square before being exiled to a small Baltic island." (By Influence & Desire: 42)

Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt Gallery


Louise-Christine Rasmussen
Countess Danner

Her lovers were:
1) Carl Berling.
2) Frederik VII of Denmark
Lover in 1830s to 1840s
[Bio2[Ref1]
Sophie von Fersen
Sophie von Fersen (1757-1816)
a.k.a. Eva Sophie Piper.
Swedish noble & lady-in-waiting.



Her lovers were:

1) Evert Wilhelm Taube af Odenka:

She married Adolf Ludwig Piper (in 1777).
Ulrik Frederik Gyldenlove
His lover was:
Peder Griffenfeld.
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